Hexophthalma Karsch, 1879

Lotz, Leon N., 2018, An update on the spider genus Hexophthalma (Araneae: Sicariidae) in the Afrotropical region, with descriptions of new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 424, pp. 1-18: 3-4

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.424

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2A452A63-0B25-4110-B9E1-61A69CD0E7FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AF87DA-FFD8-D530-FDED-8CF8FABA9A52

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hexophthalma Karsch, 1879
status

 

Genus Hexophthalma Karsch, 1879 

Key to the species of Hexophthalma 

1. Females ............................................................................................................................................. 2

– Males ................................................................................................................................................. 9

2. Enlarged dorsal setae on femora raised on a slight mound and scoop-shaped ( Fig. 23 View Figure ); female spermathecae consist of numerous tubes, each ending in one or more spherical vesicles ( Fig. 16 View Figure ) .. ................................................................................................................ H. spatulata ( Pocock, 1900) 

– Enlarged dorsal setae on femora not raised on a slight mound and not scoop-shaped; spermathecae consist of one or more finger-like tubes ( Figs 1–15View Figs 1–8View Figs 9–16) ........................................................................ 3

3. Inner spermathecae consist of one main finger-like tube on each side ( Fig. 10 View Figure ) ................................ .................................................................................................. H. dolichocephala ( Lawrence, 1928) 

– Inner spermathecae consist of more than one finger-like tube on each side ..................................... 4

4. Spermathecae without outer spermathecae near uterus externus and without reduced outer spermathecae ( Fig. 9 View Figure ) ..................................................................... H. damarensis ( Lawrence, 1928) 

– Spermathecae with outer spermathecae near uterus externus or with reduced outer spermathecae ... ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

5. Spermathecae with outer spermathecae near uterus externus ........................................................... 6

– Spermathecae with reduced outer spermathecae .............................................................................. 7

6. Inner spermathecae with long finger-like tubes ( Figs 6–8 View Figure ) ............... H. albospinosa ( Purcell, 1908) 

– Inner spermathecae with shorter, more bulbous, finger-like tubes ( Figs 11–15 View Figure ) ................................ ...................................................................................................................... S. hahni ( Karsch, 1878) 

7. Inner spermathecae hammer-like, bent slightly laterally ( Fig. 1 View Figure ) ..................... H. binfordae  sp. nov.

– Inner spermathecae not hammer-like, bent more or less medially ................................................... 8

8. Inner spermathecae with two finger-like tubes, outer spermathecae relatively round ( Fig. 5 View Figure ) ........... .................................................................................................................................. H. leroyi  sp. nov.

– Inner spermathecae with three or more finger-like tubes, outer spermathecae long ( Figs 2–4 View Figure ) ......... ............................................................................................................... H. goanikontesensis  sp. nov.

9. Embolus with a broad, blunt apex ( Fig. 22 View Figure ) .......................................... H. spatulata ( Pocock, 1900) 

– Embolus with a narrow apex ( Figs 17–21 View Figure ) ..................................................................................... 10

10. Embolus with a short, flattened apex ( Fig. 20 View Figure ) ........................ H. dolichocephala ( Lawrence, 1928) 

– Embolus with a thin, sharp apex ......................................................................................................11

11. Broader, basal part of embolus straight-edged ( Figs 18, 21 View Figure ) .......................................................... 12

– Broader, basal part of embolus with a hump along one edge ( Figs 17, 19 View Figure ) .................................... 13

12. Thin apical part of embolus almost as long as thicker basal part ( Fig. 17 View Figure ) ........................................ ............................................................................................................ H. albospinosa ( Purcell, 1908) 

– Thin apical part of embolus much shorter than thicker basal part ( Fig. 21 View Figure ) ....................................... ...................................................................................................................... H. hahni ( Karsch, 1878) 

13. Thin apical part of embolus without embolus keel at base ( Fig. 19 View Figure ) .................................................. ........................................................................................................ H. damarensis ( Lawrence, 1928) 

– Thin apical part of embolus with embolus keel at base ( Fig. 18 View Figure ) ......... H. goanikontesensis  sp. nov.