Brachymeria amenocles (Walker, 1846),

Delvare, Gérard & Huchet, Jean-Bernard, 2017, Brachymeria mochica, a new Neotropical species of Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) discovered on the archaeological site of Huacas de Moche, Peru with a review of related species, Zootaxa 4290 (1), pp. 43-60: 56-57

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4290.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8172109F-E545-4EB7-9E9D-D91E7DD1FA42

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B1879C-FFDF-557D-FF54-4CE77ADF06D2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brachymeria amenocles (Walker, 1846)
status

stat. rev.

Brachymeria amenocles (Walker, 1846)  stat. rev.

Chalcis Amenocles Walker 1846b: 84  . Original deScription ♀. Sierra Leone  . Lectotype by BoUček 1972: 241 bUt type locality erroneoUSly qUoted aS Hong-Kong by thiS aUthor. 

Brachymeria amenocles (Walker)  : ThompSon 1955: 195 (earlieSt knoWn USe of combination vide NoyeS 2016).

= Chalcis varipes Walker 1871: 48  . Original deScription ♀. SoUth Africa  . Syn. rev.

= Brachymeria Beccarii MaSi 1929: 142 – 144. Original deScription ♀. Kenya. Syn. rev.

Type material. Chalcis Amenocles.  Lectotype, a ♀ on a minutien pin, designated by Bouček (1972), this designation being validated here ( Fig. 32View FIGURES 29 – 39. 29) (BMNH, Hym. type 5.440).

Chalcis varipes  . Lectotype, a ♀ on a minutien pin, the designation of which by Bouček (1971) is also validated ( Fig. 31View FIGURES 29 – 39. 29) (BMNH, Hym. type 5.441).

Brachymeria Beccarii.  Holotype ♀, by monotypy ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 29 – 39. 29) (MCSN).

Other material. IVORY COAST. Bouaké, Malaise trap in rice field, 28.i.1978, P. Cochereau leg. (1 ♀ CIRAD). GUINEA  . Koliegbé, 01.iii.1992, J.-F. Vayssières leg. (13 ♀ CIRAD).

Diagnosis. Mainly as B. podagrica  but separated from it by its flagellum being clearly fusiform and having long erect setae ( Fig. 25View FIGURES 21 – 28. 21 ‒ 24); the mesonotum having much sparser puncturation with numerous interspaces being broader than the points ( Fig. 26View FIGURES 21 – 28. 21 ‒ 24); the metafemur having much sparser punctulation, basally the femur having the interspaces between the piliferous points much larger than their own diameter ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 21 – 28. 21 ‒ 24); and the gaster being lanceolate and relatively longer, at least 2× as long as broad ( Fig. 27View FIGURES 21 – 28. 21 ‒ 24).

Hosts and Biology. In Namibia and Zimbabwe, B. amenocles  [as B. varipes  or B. podagrica  ] develops at the expense of Sarcophaga inzi Curran, 1834  , infesting corpses of Triaenostreptus heros Porat, 1872  [quoted as Spirostreptus triodus (Attems, 1909)  ] (Diplopoda, Spirostreptidae  ) (Curthbertson 1932 & 1938; Kirk-Spriggs 1999). The female oviposits below the cuticle of the third instar larvae before these move within the ground for pupation. Brachymery amenocles  may also parasitize the larvae of Glossina morsitans Westwood, 1851  ( Glossinidae  ) following the same behavioural pattern (Curthbertson 1932).

CIRAD

Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Chalcididae

Genus

Brachymeria

Loc

Brachymeria amenocles (Walker, 1846)

Delvare, Gérard & Huchet, Jean-Bernard 2017
2017
Loc

Brachymeria amenocles

ThompSon 1955: 195
1955
Loc

Chalcis Amenocles Walker 1846b : 84

BoUcek 1972: 241
Walker 1846: 84
Loc

Chalcis varipes

Walker 1871: 48