Catanduba tuskae, Yamamoto, Flávio U., Lucas, Sylvia M. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2012

Yamamoto, Flávio U., Lucas, Sylvia M. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2012, Catanduba, a new Theraphosinae spider genus from Central Brazil (Araneae, Theraphosidae), Zootaxa 3172, pp. 1-19: 6-10

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.214015

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5679231

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B187F5-FFD5-FFB9-5891-FD0DFB733126

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Catanduba tuskae
status

sp. nov.

Catanduba tuskae   sp. nov.

Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A–F

Type material: Holotype: male, Ilha Bandeirantes, Usina Hidrelétrica Sérgio Motta, Brasilândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, (S 23 ° 28 '00"; W 46 ° 40 ' 59 "), 20–25 /III/ 2001, R. Bertani & J. P. L. Guadanucci col., deposited in IBSP 8976. Paratypes: male and female from Usina Hidrelétrica Sério Motta, Brasilândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, (23 ° 28 '00"S; 46 ° 40 ' 59 "W), 31 /VII – 07/VIII/ 2000, D. Candiani & C.A.R. Souza col., deposited in IBSP 8976 and 8589, respectively; male. female. Estação Ecológica de Assis, Assis, São Paulo, Brazil, (22 º 35 ’ 14 ”S; 50 º 22 ’ 38 ”W), III/ 2009, F.T.S. Morimoto col., deposited in MZSP 36505.

Additional material examined. BRAZIL, Mato Grosso do Sul, 31 /VII–07/VIII/ 2000, D. F. Candiani & C. A. R. Souza col., 13 ( IBSP 8597); VII/ 2000, C. A. Rheims & E. Kashimata col., ( IBSP 8605); Anaurilândia,Usina

Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, (22 °03'S; 52 ° 45 'W), XII/ 1998, Equipe Resgate de Fauna col., 13, 2Ƥ ( IBSP 11401; 8973; 10814); Bataguassú, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, (21 ° 40 '00"S; 52 ° 28 ' 59 "W), 26 /III/ 2001, R. P. Indicatti & C. A. R. de Souza col., 1 Ƥ, 13 ( IBSP 11589, 11594); Brasilândia, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, (23 ° 28 '00"S; 46 ° 40 ' 59 "W) 08/VI/ 2000, C.A. Rheims & E. Kashimata col., 13 ( IBSP 8541); 25 /III/ 2001, R. Bertani & J.P. Guadanucci col., 13 ( IBSP 10541); 20–25 /III/2001, 13 ( IBSP 10545); 20– 26 /III/2001, 13 ( IBSP 10644); VI/ 2000, C. Rheims & E. Kashimata col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 10661); Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, VII– VIII/ 2000, Equipe IBSP col., 13 ( IBSP 8630); I/1999, 1Ƥ ( IBSP 8784); 4 Ƥ, 2 j ( IBSP 8787); VI/ 2000, C. Rheims & E. K. Kashimata col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9083); 11 /XII/ 98, Equipe Resgate Fauna col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9843); 23–27 /IV/ 2001, R. Bertani & E. K. Kashimata col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9034); 12 /VI/ 2001, E. K. Kashimata & S. P. G. Guizze col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9378); VI/ 2000, C. Rheims & E. K. Kashimata col., 1 j ( IBSP 9673); 20–25 /III/ 2001, R. Bertani & J. P. L. Guadanucci col., 1 j ( IBSP 9674); 31 /VII– 07/VIII/ 2000, D. Candiani & C. A. R. de Souza col., ( IBSP 8867); 25 /V/ 2001, D. Candiani & C. Y. Fukami col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 8970); 23–27 /IV/ 2001, R. Bertani & E. K. Kashimata col., 13, 2Ƥ, 7 j ( IBSP 9029); 26–27 /VIII/ 2000, I. Knysak & R. Martins col., 13 ( IBSP 9119); (Ilha Bandeirantes), 20–25 /III/ 2001, R. Bertani e J. P. L. Guadanucci col., 29 Ƥ, 313, 17 j ( IBSP 8835–8841; 8945–8948; 8974–8980; 9118; 9120; 9302–9315; 9379; 9392; 9393; 9433; 9598; 9686; 9831; 10946; 11031; 11058–11061; 10007; 10022; 10031; 10145; 10354; 10363; 10367; 10370– 10371; 10403–10404; 11402–11403; 11420; 11583); 11 /XII/ 1998, Equipe IBSP col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9903); (Fazenda Flórida), 11 /VIII/ 2000, R. Bertani & C. Y. Fukami col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 8586); 15 /VIII/ 2001, C. S. Fukushima & J. P. L. Guadanucci col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 9316); 15 /VIII/2000, 13 ( IBSP 8656); 15 /VIII/2001, 1Ƥ ( IBSP 9317); 11 /VIII/ 2000, C. Y. Fukami & R. Bertani, 13 ( IBSP 9320) 1 j ( IBSP 9608); 11 /VIII/ 2000, R. Bertani & J. L. Guadanucci col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 10021); 15 /VIII/ 2000, C. S. Fukushima & J. P. L. Guadanucci col., 1 j ( IBSP 9691); (Fazenda Cisalpina), 28 / VII/ 2000, I. Knysak & R. Martins col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 8865); (Fazenda Orelha de Onça), 26 /III/ 2001, R. P. Indicatti & C. A. R. de Souza col., ( IBSP 9867); 25 /VII/ 2000, I. Knysak & R. Martins, 1 j ( IBSP 9690); 10 /VIII/ 2000, R. Bertani & C. Y. Fukami, 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 8588); (Ilha Capivara), 16 /VIII/ 2000, C. S. Fukushima & J. P. L. Guadanucci, 13 ( IBSP 8655); 15 /VIII/ 2000, C. S. Fukushima & J. P. L. Guadanucci col., 1 j ( IBSP 9616); 27 /VII/ 2000, I. Knysak & R. Martins col., 13 ( IBSP 9121); 31 /VII–07/VIII/ 2000, D.F. Candiani & C.A.R. Souza, 13 ( IBSP 8589); 27 /VII/ 2000, I. Knysak & R. Martins col., 33 ( IBSP 8590 – 8592); Rio Pardo, 26 /III/ 2001, R. P. Indicatti & M. S. Sebastião col., 1 Ƥ, 1 j ( IBSP 9830, 9860) R. P. Indicatti & C. A. R. de Souza col., 13, 1Ƥ, 2 j ( IBSP 9318, 9319, 9872, 9140); Cáceres, Bairro Jardim Paraíso, 10 /VIII/ 2004, N. M. Rocha col., 13 ( IBSP 11232). São Paulo, Presidente Epitácio, Usina Hidrelétrica Engenheiro Sérgio Motta, Rio do Peixe, (21 ° 46 ' 12 "S; 52 °06'W), 20–25 /III/ 2001, R. Bertani & J. L. Guadanucci col., 13 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 10036; 10054); Planalto, (21 °01' 48 "S; 49 ° 55 ' 12 "W), 18–25 / VIII/ 2007, Donizete col. ( IBSP 14315); Salto de Pirapora, (23 ° 38 ' 24 "S; 47 ° 34 ' 12 "W), X/ 1979, A.B. Eisernger col. ( IBSP 4492); Jarinu, (23 °06' 12 "S; 46 ° 43 ' 41 "W), 06/X/ 2004, J. Fitipaldi col. ( IBSP 11051); Mairinque, (23 ° 32 ' 24 "S 47 ° 10 ' 48 "W), 08/VIII/ 2007, A.C.G. de Almeida col. ( IBSP 14316, 160892); Assis, Estação Ecológica de Assis, (22 º 35 ’ 14 ”S; 50 º 22 ’ 38 ”W), III/ 2009, F.T.S. Morimoto col., 13 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 160890 – 16891).

Diagnosis. Males and females of Catanduba tuskae   sp. nov. differ from those of all other species of the genus by the uniformly brown color of the abdomen, without ornamentation ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 A), the male palpal bulb with a long curved median tooth on the embolus ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A–C) and female spermathecal receptacles bent to the outer side, with large nodules ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, F).

Etymology. In honor of Ana Carolina Tuska   de Almeida Yamamoto, biologist, wife of the first author.

Description. Male (Holotype): Color in ethanol: body dorsally brown and ventrally light brown ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 A). Color in vivo ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 A): body brown with sparse light brown setae. Urticating hairs of type III. Total length, 13.75. Carapace: length 6.50; width 5.81. Ocular tubercle: length 0.86; width 1.13. Eyes size: AME 0.18, ALE 0.33, PME 0.23, PLE 0.28. Labium: length 0.76; width 1.29. Sternum: length 3.41; width 2.72. Basal segment of chelicera with row of 9 teeth on prolateral margin and group of 14 small teeth concentrated on basal third. Labium with 34 cuspules. Endites with ca. 110 cuspules. Palp: femur 3.56 / patella 2.25 / tibia 3.13 / cymbium 1.13 / total 10.06. Leg I: femur 5.69 / patella 3.38 / tibia 4.31 / metatarsus 3.81 / tarsus 2.69 / total 19.88. II: 5.38 / 2.94 / 3.56 / 3.50 / 2.63 / 18.00. III: 4.31 / 2.31 / 2.88 / 3.75 / 2.63 / 15.88. IV: 5.44 / 2.75 / 4.25 / 5.31 / 3.19 / 20.94. Spinnerets: basal segment 1.33; medium 0.70; apical 1.35. Spination: Palp: femur d0- 0-1 p, patella r 0-1 -0, tibia d 1 p-0-0, p 0-1 -0; Leg I: femur d0- 0-1 p, tibia v 1 - 1 -0, p 1 - 0-1, metatarsus p 0-1 -0; II: femur d0- 0-1 p, tibia v 1-2 - 0-2 ap, p 0-1 - 1, metatarsus v 0-1 -0, p 0-1 -0; III: femur d0- 0-2, patella r 0-1 -0; tibia v 1 r- 2 - 0-2 ap, p 1 - 0-1, r 1 - 0-1, metatarsus v 2 - 1 - 1 p- 3 ap, p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 0- 1. IV: femur d0- 0-1 r, tibia v 2 - 2 - 0-2 ap, p 0-1 - 1, v 1 - 0-1, metatarsus v 2 - 1 p- 1 r- 3 ap, p 0-1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1. Scopula: metatarsus I with 0.42 of total length scopulated, II with 0.48 of total length, III with 0.43 and IV with 0.22. Tarsus: I divided by one row of strong setae, II divided by 2–3 rows, III by 3–4 and IV by 4–5. PSK and PIK well developed and distant from each other. PSK extends to basal third of embolus. PIK with long curved tooth at median embolus. Embolus thin. Digitiform apophysis weak ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A, B and C). Tibial apophysis on I formed by two branches with distinct bases: prolateral branch smaller, with retrolateral spine beside it; retrolateral larger. Metatarsus I with triangular basal nodule and flexes between branches of tibial apophysis, touching their median portion ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 D).

Female ( IBSP 13047): Color as in male. Urticating hairs of type III. Total length, 20.01. Carapace: length 7.76; width 6.16. Eye tubercle: length 1.02; width 1.24. Eyes size: AME 0.18, ALE 0.31, PME 0.17, PLE 0.28. Labium: length 1.00; width 1.58. Sternum: length 3.53; width 3.22. Basal segment of chelicera with row of 10 teeth on prolateral margin, group of 20 small teeth concentrated on basal third. Labium with 51 cuspules. Endites with ca. 142 cuspules. Palp: femur 3.75 / patella 2.44 / tibia 2.25 / cymbium 2.31 / total 10.75. Leg I: femur 5.06 / patella 3.31 / tibia 3.38 / metatarsus 2.44 / tarsus 2.00/ total 16.19; II: 4.31 / 2.81 / 2.63 / 2.19 / 2.13 / 14.06; III: 3.88 / 2.63 / 2.00/ 2.81 / 2.00/ 13.31; IV: 5.13 / 2.94 / 3.25 / 4.31 / 2.38 / 18.00. Spination: Palp: tibia v0-0- 0-3 ap. Leg I: metatarsus v0-0- 0-1 ap. II: metatarsus v 0-1 - 0-1 ap. III: tibia v 0-1 p- 0-2 ap, p 1 - 1 -0, r 0-1 -0 metatarsus v 2 - 2 - 0-3 ap, p 1 - 1 - 1, r0- 0- 1. IV: tibia v 0-2 - 0-2 ap, r 1 - 0-1, metatarsus v 2 - 1 p- 2-3 ap, p 0-1 - 1, r 0-1 - 1. Scopula: metatarsus I with 1.13 of total length scopulated, II with 0.48, III with 0.35, IV with 0.20. Tarsus: I divided by 3–4 rows of larger setae, II divided by 5 rows of larger setae, III by 6–7 rows and IV by 8. Spinnerets: basal segment 1.44; medium 1.09; apical 1.31. Spermathecae formed by two cylindrical receptacles leaning out, covered by nodules of different sizes ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, F).

Variation. Males (n = 15): total length 13.75–16.30; carapace 6.20–7.80; cuspules on labium: 31–53. Females (n = 15): total length: 13.80–26.50; carapace 5.3–9.90; cuspules on labium: 30–71.

Distribution. States of São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ).

Catanduba simoni (Soares & Camargo 1948)   c omb. nov. Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A–F

Homoeomma simoni Soares & Camargo, 1948: 404   , figs 81–85. Platnick, 2010 (accessed 13 December 2010)

Type material. Holotype: male, Chavantina, Mato Grosso, Brazil, (14 ° 40 '00"S; 52 ° 21 'W), 1946, H. Sick col., deposited in MZSP 1251, examined.

Other material examined. BRASIL, Goiás: Campinaçú, Serra da Mesa, (13 º 52 ’S; 48 º 23 ’W), 18 /II–02/III/ 1996, Silvestre, Brandão & Yamamoto col., 1 Ƥ 1 j ( MZSP 28591); Colinas do Sul, Serra da Mesa, (14 º01’S; 48 º 12 ’W), 2–15 /XII/ 1995, Silvestre, Dietz & Campaner col., 43 1 Ƥ ( MZSP 28592); Corumbá, Fazenda Monjolinho, 1946, H. Levi col., 13 ( MZSP 28601); Luziânia, Barragem de Corumbá IV, (16 º 19 ’ 38 ”S 48 º 13 ’ 22 ’’W), 24 /XI/ 2005, Eq. IBSP col. ( IBSP 14289); (Usina Hidrelétrica de Corumbá), XI/ 2005, Eq. IBSP col., 1 Ƥ ( IBSP 13707); Minaçú, Usina Hidrelétrica de Serra da Mesa, (13 ° 50 '01"S; 48 ° 18 ' 10 "W), 18–30 /XI/ 1996, A.A. Bonaldo & L. Moura col., 33 2 Ƥ 1 j ( MCN 28122 View Materials ); Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães, (15 ° 25 ' 59 "S; 55 ° 45 'W), 20–29 / XI/ 2000, C. Strussman col., 1 j ( MCTP 11509); Chavantina, (14 ° 40 '00"S; 52 ° 21 'W), XII/ 1946, H. Sick col., 1 Ƥ ( MZSP 14884).

Diagnosis. Catanduba simoni   resembles C. arauguaia   sp. nov. and C. peruacu   sp. nov. by the pattern of abdominal color but differs from these species by the overall orange color and dorsal abdomen with four pairs of lateral black stripes ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 C), male palpal bulb with accessory keels ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A–C) and large nodules on spermathecae of female ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 E, F).

Description. Male ( MZSP 28592): Color in alcohol: carapace and legs dark orange. Dorsal abdomen dark brown, with 4 pairs of black stripes laterally ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ). Abdomen venter light brown. Urticating hairs of type III.

Total length, without chelicera, 18.40. Carapace: length 9.10; width 7.70. Eye tubercle: length 1.15; width 1.43. Eyes size: AME 0.28, ALE 0.49, PME 0.26, PLE 0.41. Labium: length 1.10; width 1.65. Sternum: length 4.65; width 3.75. Basal segment of chelicera with row of nine teeth on prolateral margin and group of 23 small teeth concentrated on basal third. Labium with 40 cuspules. Endites with ca. 110 cuspules. Palp: femur 4.56 / patella 3.04 / tibia 3.68 / cymbium 1.44 / total 12.72. Leg I: femur 7.76 / patella 4.56 / tibia 5.84 / metatarsus 5.36 / tarsus 3.76 / total 27.28. II: 7.28 /4.00/ 5.36 / 4.96 / 3.60 / 25.20. III: 6.40 / 3.44 / 4.48 / 5.84 / 3.76 / 23.92. IV: 8.48 / 3.76./ 6.48 / 8.08 / 4.56 / 31.36. Spinnerets: basal segment of PLS 1.72; medium 1.28; apical 2.36. Spination: Palp: femur d0- 0-1 p, tibia v 0-1 p- 1 p, p 0-1 -0; Leg I: femur d0- 0-1 p, tibia v 2 - 2 - 1 p- 1 ap, p 0-1 -0, metatarsus v0-0- 0-1 ap; II: femur d0- 0-1 p, tibia v 1 r- 1 - 1 r- 3 ap, p0- 0-1, metatarsus v 1 - 1 -0; III: femur d0- 0-2, tibia v 2 - 2 - 0-2 ap, p 1 - 0-1, r 1 - 1 -0, metatarsus v 2 - 1 - 0-3 ap, p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 0- 1. IV: femur d0- 0-1 r, tibia v 2 - 2 - 0-3 ap, p 1 - 0-1, v 1 - 0-1, metatarsus v 2 - 2 - 1 p- 3 ap, p 1 - 1 - 1, r 0-1 -0. Scopula: Metatarsus: I with 0.36 of total length scopulated, II with 0.46 of total length scopulated, III with 0.33 and IV with 0.15. Tarsus: I divided by three rows of larger setae, II and III divided by 4–5 rows and IV by 6. Palpal bulb with weak PSK, conspicuous PIK and three accessory keels above PSK. Thin embolus with tooth emerging from PIK. Digitiform apophysis well developed ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A-C). Tibial apophysis formed by two branches with distinct bases: prolateral smaller, with retrolateral spine; retrolateral larger. Metatarsus I with triangular basal nodule and flexes between tibial apophysis branches, touching their median portion ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 D).

Female ( MZSP 28592): Color in vivo ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 B): carapace and legs brown orange. Dorsal abdomen dark brown, with 4 pairs of black stripes laterally. Area of urticating hair triangular-shaped. Urticating hairs of type III. Total length, without chelicera, 25.48. Carapace: length 10.60; width 9.70. Eye tubercle: length 1.33; width 1.90. Eyes size: AME 0.26, ALE 0.53, PME 0.33, PLE 0.48. Labium: length 1.69; width 2.22. Sternum: length 5.25; width 5.30. Basal segment of chelicera with row of 11 teeth on prolateral margin and group of 7 smaller teeth in basal third. Labium with 31 cuspules. Endites with ca. 102 cuspules. Palp: femur 6.64 / patella 3.76 / tibia 5.12 / cymbium 3.92 / total 19.44. Leg I: femur 8.24 / patella 4.16 / tibia 6.88 / metatarsus 4.32 / tarsus 3.04 / total 26.64. II: 7.36 / 4.48 / 5.68 / 4.08 / 3.36 / 24.96. III: 6.56 / 4.08 / 4.64 / 4.96 / 3.28 / 23.52. IV: 8.56 / 4.48 / 6.96 / 7.36 / 3.68 / 31.04. Spinnerets: basal segment 1.85; medium 1.15; apical 2.10 of PLS. Spination: Palp: tibia v0-0- 0-2 ap. Leg I: femur d0- 0-1 p, metatarsus v0-0- 0-1 ap. II: femur d0-0-p 1, tibia v0-0-p 1, metatarsus v 1 -0- 0-2 ap. III: tibia v 0-1 p- 0-1 ap, p 0- 1 -0, metatarsus v 2 -p 1-2 - 4 ap, p 1 - 1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1. IV: tibia v0-p 1 - 0-1 ap, r0- 0-1, metatarsus v 1 - 1 -2- 1-2 - 4 ap, p 0-1 - 1, r 1 - 1 - 1-2. Scopula: Metatarsus: I with 0.46 of total length scopulated, II with 0.41, III with 0.29, IV with 0.09. Tarsus: I divided by 1–2 rows of larger setae, II divided by 3–4 rows of larger setae, III by 6 rows and IV by 10. Spermathecae formed by two cylindrical receptacles with apical spherical nodules ( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 E, F).

Variation. Males (n = 8): total length 7.7–19.2; carapace 4.2–10.2; cuspules on labium: 15–42. Females (n = 6): total length: 13.9–25.48; carapace 4.6 – 10.6; cuspules on labium: 20–34.

Distribution. Occurring in central Brazil, States of Mato Grosso and Goiás, Brazil ( Fig 10 View FIGURE 10 ).

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MCTP

Museu de Ciencias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theraphosidae

Genus

Catanduba

Loc

Catanduba tuskae

Yamamoto, Flávio U., Lucas, Sylvia M. & Brescovit, Antonio D. 2012
2012
Loc

Homoeomma simoni

Soares & Camargo 1948: 404
1948