Closterocerus azofeifai, Hansson, 2022

Hansson, Christer, 2022, Eulophidae Of Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), 4 The Genus Closterocerus Westwood S. Str., Taxonomic Monographs on Neotropical Hymenoptera (Oxford, England) 1 (1), pp. 1-137 : 27-28

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.6464279

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Closterocerus azofeifai


Closterocerus azofeifai sp.nov.

( Figs 49–51 View Figs 47–52 )

Diagnosis. Antenna not flattened, but pedicel with sharp dorsal and ventral edges ( Fig. 50 View Figs 47–52 ); female flagellum with F1–3 dark brown, F4–5 infuscate ( Fig. 50 View Figs 47–52 ), male flagellum whitish to infuscate ( Fig. 51 View Figs 47–52 ); ocelli very small, ratio POL/posterior ocellus width 1.8 ( Fig. 49 View Figs 47–52 ); pronotal collar without a carina along anterior margin ( Fig. 49 View Figs 47–52 ); midlobe of mesoscutum without setae ( Fig. 49 View Figs 47–52 ); mesoscutum and mesoscutellum with different colours ( Fig. 49 View Figs 47–52 ); mesoscutellum with weak reticulation ( Fig. 49 View Figs 47–52 ); fore wing hyaline with area below stigmal vein infuscate ( Figs 49, 51 View Figs 47–52 ); hind tarsus white ( Figs 50, 51 View Figs 47–52 ); length of body female 0.8–1.1mm, male 0.7–0.9mm.

Female holotype: length of body 1.0mm.

Antenna with scape, pedicel and F1–3 dark brown, F4–5 infuscate. Frons golden-green. Vertex metallic bluish-purple. Mesoscutum metallic blue. Mesoscutellum golden-green. Dorsellum and propodeum metallic blue with purple tinges. Legs with coxae, femora and hind tibia dark brown, fore and mid tibiae and tarsi white. Fore wing hyaline with area below stigmal vein infuscate; hind wing hyaline. Petiole dark brown. Gaster with Gt 1,6 metallic blue, remaining tergites dark brown.

Antenna not flattened, scape narrow. Frons and vertex with strong reticulation. Frontofacial suture V-shaped. Subtorular sutures present. Occipital margin rounded.

Pronotal collar without a carina along anterior margin. Mesoscutum with sidelobes and anterior one-half of midlobe with relatively strong reticulation, posterior one-half of midlobe with weak reticulation; notauli distinct in anterior one-half; midlobe without setae. Mesoscutellum convex, with weak reticulation. Dorsellum convex and smooth. Propodeum smooth, without median carina; callus with two setae. Fore wing speculum closed; with a stigmal hairline and with radial cell bare.

Petiole very short, just a transverse strip. Gaster ovate; Gt 1 smooth, remaining tergites with weak reticulation.

Relative measurements: head length dorsal 14; head length frontal 22; head width 27; POL 5; OOL 2.5; lateral ocellus maximum width 3; eye length 16.5; malar space 3; mouth width 9; mesosoma length 33; mesosoma width 23; mesoscutellum length 13; mesoscutellum width 13; fore wing length 56; fore wing width 30; marginal vein length 29; postmarginal vein length 2; stigmal vein length 5; fore wing marginal fringe length 5; gaster length 37; gaster width 25.

Variation in paratype material. Length of body: 0.8–1.1mm. Flagellum with F1–3 dark brown and F4–5 infuscate, or F1–5 or F2–5 whitish to infuscate. Fore tibia white to infuscate, mid tibia completely white or white with base brown.

Male ( Fig. 51 View Figs 47–52 ). Length of body: 0.7–0.9mm. Entire antennal flagellum whitish to infuscate. Midlobe of mesoscutum golden-green and mesoscutellum golden-red or golden. Otherwise as in female.

Hosts. Unknown.

Distribution. Costa Rica.

Material examined.

Type material. Holotype ♀ “ COSTA RICA: Limón, R.B. Hitoy-Cerere, 100m, 9˚40’N, 83˚02’W, 24-25. ii.2004, J.S. Noyes ” ( NHMUK) . Paratypes (34♀, 28♂, CNC, MZLU, MZUCR, NHMUK) : 3♀ with same label data as holotype; following from same locality as holotype but collected 20-22.ii.2006 (6♀, 7♂), 22-23. ii.2010 (1♂) ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Alajuela, Estación Pilón , 10º43’N, 85º59’W, 12-18.ii.2004, C. Hansson & J.A. Azofeifa ” GoogleMaps ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Limón, R.B. Barbilla, 550m, 9˚59’N, 83˚27’W, 18.ii.2006, J.S. Noyes ” ; 2♀ “ COSTA RICA: Cartago, Humo, El Copal , 9°47’N, 83°45’W, 1050-1250m, 29.ii-6.iii.2008, C. Hansson ” GoogleMaps ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Guanacaste, Bagaces, P.N. Palo Verde, 400m E Puente La Espuela ( Quebrado Mula ), LN258980_396500, 10m, 10.x-9.xi.2000, I Jiménez” ; 5♀ “ COSTA RICA: Heredia, E.B. La Selva , 75m, 10º26’N, 84º01’W, ix.1992, P.Hanson ”; following from same locality as previous but collected ii.1991 (1♀), 30.iii.2001 (2♀), 23-24.ii.2005 (1♂), 23.ii.2006 (1♀, 3♂) GoogleMaps ; 3♀, 9♂ GoogleMaps “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, R.P. Karen Mogensen, 305m, 9˚52’N, 85˚03’W, 14-15.ii.2005, J.S. Noyes ”; following from same locality as previous but collected 11-21.ii.2005 (1♀, 2♂), 17-18.ii.2011 (1♀, 2♂) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ GoogleMaps “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, Estación Altamira, Send. a Casa Coca , 1450-1700m, 9º02’N, 83º00’W, 7.ii-5.iii.2002, C. Hansson & Parataxonomos” GoogleMaps ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, P.N. Piedras Blancas, 100m, 8˚43’N, 83˚13’W, 13-14.ii.2012, J.S. Noyes, NHM (Ent) 2012-91” ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, A.C.O, Golfito, R.F. Golfo Dulce, Est Agujas , 250- 350m, 2-22.x.1999, J. Azofeifa, swept, LS 276750_526550, #53491” ; 2♀, 1♂ “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, P.N. Carara, Sendero Universal, 0-10m, 12.ix.2004, J. Azofeifa, LN195703/470200, #791811” ; 1♀ from same locality as previous but collected 20.vii.2004 ; 1♂ “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, RVS Rio Piro, Golfito, Estación Tuva , LS262284_535746, 18.ix.2004, M. Moraga ” ; 1♀ “ COSTA RICA: Puntarenas, Pamita Palmar, ii-xii.1988, P. Hanson ” .

Etymology. Named after Antonio (Tonio) Azofeifa, a parataxonomist of the former organisation INBio, and collector of specimens included in this paper.


Natural History Museum, London


Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes


Lund University













Darwin Core Archive (for parent article) View in SIBiLS Plain XML RDF