Sclerothyoninae

Martins, Luciana & Tavares, Marcos, 2018, A new genus and species of Sclerodactylidae (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Sclerothyoninae) from the Pacific coast of Panama, and assignment of Neopentamera anexigua to Sclerothyoninae, Zootaxa 4429 (1), pp. 157-164: 158

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.1.8

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A7B0734A-5F12-4724-9A9F-324BA1BE9BD4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B387C9-FF89-D130-FF73-E220FA19FA24

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sclerothyoninae
status

 

Sclerothyoninae  Thandar, 1989

Included genera. The genera of the original combination are indicated within brackets. Neopentamera Deichmann, 1941  , type species Neopentamera anexigua Deichmann, 1941  , by original designation and monotypy. Sclerothyone Thandar, 1989  , type species Sclerothyone velligera ( Ludwig & Heding, 1935)  ( Cucumaria  ) by original designation and monotypy. Temparena Thandar, 1989  , type species Temparena chuni ( Ludwig & Heding, 1935)  ( Cucumaria  ) by original designarion and monotypy. Thandarum Martinez & Brogger, 2012  , type species Thandarum hernandezi Martinez & Brogger, 2012  , by original designation and monotypy. Paulayellus  gen. nov., type species Paulayellus gustavi  sp. nov., by original designation and monotypy.

Diagnosis. The present diagnosis is largely based on Thandar's (1989) and is amended to include the morphological peculiarities of Paulayellus  gen. nov. and the genus Neopentamera  . The amended diagnosis is as follows: Tentacles 10, ventral-most two much reduced. Calcareous ring not tubular, radial and interradial plates united at base only. Posterior paired processes of radial plates long, 2–8 times the height of ring, either entire of broken into several pieces.

Key to the genera of Sclerothyoninae  (adapted from Martinez & Brogger, 2012)

1. Posterior processes from radial plates undivided. Body wall ossicles include cups.................. Paulayellus  gen. nov. - Posterior processes from radial plates divided. Body wall lacking cup ossicles..................................... 2 2. Ossicles from body wall knobbed buttons and plates............................................... Neopentamera  - Ossicles from body wall tables and plates.................................................................. 3 3. Tables from body wall two pillared....................................................................... 4 - Tables from body wall four pillared............................................................... Thandarum  4. Tables from body wall with handle.............................................................. Sclerothyone  - Tables from body wall with lozenge-shaped disc, without handle........................................ Temparena