Stigmella bipartita Diškus & Stonis,

Stonis, Jonas R., Diškus, Arūnas, Remeikis, Andrius, Davis, Donald R., Solis, M. Alma & Torres, Nixon Cumbicus, 2016, The first record of Baccharis L. (Asteraceae) as a host-plant genus for Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera), with description of new Stigmella species from South America, Zootaxa 4136 (1), pp. 101-128: 107-110

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4136.1.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BBC55637-6919-43B3-BB85-83E2AFFE2CED

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B47A7D-FFFF-A123-D7C1-44E4AA46FD3A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stigmella bipartita Diškus & Stonis
status

sp. nov.

2. Stigmella bipartita Diškus & Stonis  , sp. nov.

( Figs. 3View FIGURE 3, 20–32View FIGURES 20 – 27View FIGURES 28 – 32)

Type material. Holotype: ♂, ECUADOR: Pichincha Province, 11 km NW Alóag, 0° 26 ' 12 "S, 78 ° 37 ' 19 "W, elevation 3165 m, mining larvae on Baccharis emarginata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.  18.xi. 2007, field card no. 4930, leg. A. Diškus, genitalia slide no. AD 604 ♂ ( ZMUC). Paratype: 1 ♂, same label data as holotype, genitalia slide no. AD 626 ♂ ( ZMUC).

Diagnosis. Externally, adults of the new species resemble the Andean S. emarginatae  sp. nov. from which they differ in the grey-brown forewing and in absence of the apical fascia. In the male genitalia, the new species differs from all other known Neotropical Stigmella  in the combination of two very large cornuti, a short ventral plate of vinculum without sublateral lobes, a rounded transtilla, and a stout gnathos.

Male ( Figs 25–27View FIGURES 20 – 27). Forewing length about 2.2–2.5 mm; wingspan about 4.9–5.5 mm (n= 2) Head: palpi cream; frontal tuft brownish orange; collar pale brown to brown with golden gloss; scape golden cream; antenna half the length of forewing or slightly longer; flagellum with 32 segments, dark grey-brown to fuscous, with purple iridescence. Thorax and tegula dark grey-brown with golden gloss. Forewing brown-grey, glossy; fascia distinctly postmedian, whitish with some silvery gloss; apex of forewing slightly darker, with very weak purple irridescence (or dark brown at certain angle of view); terminal and tornal cilia grey-brown; underside of forewing dark brown, with no spots or androconia. Hindwing grey-brown on upper side and underside, with no androconia; its cilia greybrown. Legs pale grey-brown, laterally dark brown or fuscous with weak purple iridescence. Abdomen fuscous with metalic shine on upper side, grey-cream on underside; anal tufts very short, pale grey; anal plates cream.

Female. Unknown.

Male genitalia ( Figs 28–32View FIGURES 28 – 32). Capsule only slightly longer (205–250 µm) than wide (225–230 µm). Vinculum without lateral (anterior) lobes; ventral plate of vinculum short (60 µm). Uncus 60–75 µm broad, with two lobes, each bearing two large papillae ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 28 – 32). Gnathos stout, 75–90 µm long, with two caudal processes broading basally ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 28 – 32); central plate of gnathos large, 85–90 µm broad, trapezoidal. Valva ( Figs 29, 32View FIGURES 28 – 32) 195–200 µm long, 75–80 µm broad, with two pointed apical processes; inner lobe almost straight or slightly bulged; transtilla with broadly rounded (lobe-like) sublateral processes ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 28 – 32). Juxta membranous (hardly visible), triangularlyshaped, broadening caudally. Phallus ( Figs 30, 31View FIGURES 28 – 32) 205–210 µm long, 90–100 µm broad; vesica with two very large (105–115 µm long) cornuti ( Fig. 30View FIGURES 28 – 32); no small spine-like cornuti developed. The ratio of cornuti and phallus tube is about 1: 2.

Bionomics. Larvae mine in leaves ( Fig. 23View FIGURES 20 – 27). Host-plant: Baccharis emarginata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.  ( Asteraceae  ) ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 20 – 27). Larvae mine in late November and early December. Contorted or sinuous gallery of mine with central line of dark brown to black frass ( Fig. 23View FIGURES 20 – 27). Larval exit slit on upper side of the leaf. Cocoon beige ( Fig. 24View FIGURES 20 – 27); length 2.1–2.5 mm, maximal width 1.3–1.5 mm. Adults emerged in December.

Distribution ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3). This species occurs on the western slopes of the equatorial Andes ( Ecuador), at altitudes about 3000–3200 m ( Figs 20, 22View FIGURES 20 – 27).

Etymology. The species name is derived from the Latin bipartitus (divided in two parts; double) in reference to the unusual set of two very large cornuti of the male genitalia.

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen