Prosimulium hirtipes

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui, 2018, Inventory of the Black Flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of North Africa, Zootaxa 4442 (2), pp. 201-220: 204-205

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4442.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6162E13B-C61B-4476-8507-4B79FDEED9CB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B487FA-C247-5269-FF44-8483CA19FEF2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Prosimulium hirtipes
status

 

Prosimulium hirtipes  species group

Prosimulium albense Rivosecchi, 1961 

Algeria: Djurdjura Mountains: Lounaci et al. (2000a: 54): first record for Algeria. Lounaci et al. (2000b: 126–127, 133): occurrence, abundance. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 143–144, 149–150): occurrence, abundance, bionomics. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 41– 45): distribution.

Prosimulium latimucro (Enderlein, 1925) Cytoform  ‘C’

Morocco: Rif, High Atlas: Bailly-Choumara & Beaucournu-Saguez (1981: 53–54): record (as groupe latimucro  species nova?). Beaucournu-Saguez & Bailly-Choumara (1981: 119): record (as P. latimucro  group). Belqat et al. (2011: 47): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details. Kúdela et al. (2017: 16): cytoform ‘C’ designation applied.

Comment: Prosimulium latimucro  is a complex of at least three distinct entities (probably species), of which Moroccan populations characterized chromosomally by Adler & Belqat (2001) represent cytoform ‘C’ ( Kúdela et al. 2017).

Prosimulium rufipes (Meigen, 1830)  (complex)

Algeria: Djurdjura Mountains: Lounaci et al. (2000a: 54): first record for Algeria. Lounaci et al. (2000b: 126–127, 133): occurrence, abundance. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 143–144, 149–150): occurrence, abundance, bionomics (incorrectly spelled as P. ruffoi  : 150). Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 41–45): distribution.

Tunisia: Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986: 604–605, 606, 608, 610, 612, 618–619, 634–635): dichotomous key, illustrations. Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified (as P. cf. rufipes  group).

Northwestern Tunisia: Boumaiza & Clergue-Gazeau (1986: 32–35): first record for North Africa (as P. rufipes  group), abundance, distribution map, ecology at breeding site. 

Comment: We suspect that records of P. rufipes  or the P. rufipes  “group” in Algeria and Tunisia refer to the P. rachiliense  complex, or to a similar species, decribed chromosomally (as P. rufipes  ) by Adler & Belqat (2001) from Morocco. Chromosomal evidence based on topotypical material suggests that true P. rufipes  does not occur much beyond France, Germany, Italy, and Switzwerland ( Adler & Şirin 2014). Prosimulium rufipes  , therefore, is unlikely to be found in North Africa. We tentatively use the name P. rufipes  complex here and in Table 1 to indicate an undetermined species of Prosimulium  in the P. hirtipes  species group in Algeria and Tunisia. We note, however, that the material used by Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986) for illustration might be P. rufipes  sensu stricto, although its provenance is unknown.

Prosimulium rachiliense Djafarov, 1954  (complex)

Morocco: Beaucournu-Saguez & Bailly-Choumara (1981: 119): record (as P. rufipes  - hirtipes  group). Rif: Belqat et al. (2001a: 11): record (as P. rufipes  ). Adler & Belqat (2001: 413–415, 417): polytene chromosomes described and compared with those of European species (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat & Adler (2001: 124–126): distribution map, ecology (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat (2002: 113–118, 285–293): distribution map, photographs of specimens, cytotaxonomy (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat & Dakki (2004: 93–109, 112–137): record, dichotomous key, photographs and illustrations (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat et al. (2005: 51, 54–55): pupal photograph, ecological affinities (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat et al. (2008: 62): record, new sites (as P. rufipes  ). Belqat et al. (2011: 47): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details (as P. rufipes  ).

Comment: Original reports of this taxon in Morocco appeared under the name P. rufipes  . The chromosomes described by Adler & Belqat (2001), however, indicate that populations in Morocco’s Rif Mountains are not P. rufipes  , but instead a species closer to P. rachiliense ( Adler & Şirin 2014)  .

Prosimulium tomosvaryi (Enderlein, 1921)  Morocco: Beaucournu-Saguez & Bailly-Choumara (1981: 119): record (as P. tomosvaryi  group). Rif: Belqat et al. (2011: 47): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Comment: The chromosomes of larvae of P. tomosvaryi  from Morocco are distinctly different from those of topotypical larvae and of other analyzed populations, suggesting a degree of isolation, perhaps enough to justify a separate species. Analyses of material from the Iberian Peninsula would be particularly informative in deciding the taxonomic status of Moroccan populations.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Prosimulium

Loc

Prosimulium hirtipes

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui 2018

2018
Loc

Prosimulium tomosvaryi

: 47