Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui, 2018, Inventory of the Black Flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of North Africa, Zootaxa 4442 (2), pp. 201-220: 215-216

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4442.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6162E13B-C61B-4476-8507-4B79FDEED9CB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B487FA-C24A-5262-FF44-814CCBDDF819

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum
status

 

Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum  species group

Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum  (L., 1758)

Morocco: Middle Atlas, High Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 56): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) pseudequinum Séguy, 1921 

= mediterraneum Puri, 1925  [Algeria]

= barbaricum Séguy, 1930 [Morocco]

[lineatum: misidentification, Bezzi, 1921 (part), not Meigen]

[damnosum: misidentification, Tedeschi, 1930, not Theobald]

[ equinum  : misidentification, Zavatarri, 1930, 1934, not Linnaeus]

[ equinum  : misidentification, Parrot, 1949, not Linnaeus]

Morocco: Rif, Pré Rif, Plain of Meknès , Middle Atlas, Central Plateau, Coastal Méséta, High Atlas, Anti Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 56): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details. 

Algeria: Algiers, Batna, Biskra, Bouïra, and Constantine Provinces: Edwards (1923: 651–653): description and illustration of pupal gill and male genitalia (as S. equinum  Mediterranean form). Puri (1925: 253– 255): description of S. mediterraneum  (as a variety of S. equinum  ), illustration of pupal gill. Parrot (1949: 273– 275): female oviposition described, hosts of blood-feeding females (as S. equinum  ). Grenier (1953: 148): listed (as S. equinum var. mediterraneum  ). Algiers and Biskra Provinces: Belazzoug & Tabet-Derraz (1980: 107): listed. Eastern and Western Algeria: Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified. Djurdjura Mountains: Lounaci et al. (2000a: 54): recorded. Lounaci et al. (2000b: 126–127, 130, 133): occurrence, abundance, bionomics. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 141, 143, 149–150, 153): occurrence, abundance, bionomics. Mascara Province: Parrot (1949: 274): recorded.

Tlemcen Mountains: Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 276–283): biogeography, ecology. Chaoui Boudghane- Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306–307): collecting localities, distribution map. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2014: 1017–1021): physical characterization of habitat, spatial distribution, microhabitat and microdistribution. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 36–37, 41–45, 98–144): diagnosis, figures, distribution, biogeographic considerations, population structure. Seybouse Basin: Cherairia et al. (2014: 169–172): ecology at breeding sites, seasonal occurrence. Cherairia (2015: 145–154, 186): diagnosis, ecology at breeding sites, seasonal occurrence, distribution map, photographs of specimens. Oued El Haï Basin: Arigue et al. (2016: 2842–2847): occurrence, abundance, physical characterization of habitat.

Tunisia: Puri (1925: 253–255): description of S. mediterraneum  (as variety of S. equinum  ), illustration of pupal gill. Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986: 604–605, 607, 608, 611, 613, 618–621, 624–627, 630–633): dichotomous key, illustrations. Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 283): listed but locality unspecified. Clergue- Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified. Tunis Province, Tozeur Oasis: Grenier (1953: 148): reported (as S. equinum  Mediterranean form). Bizert, Jendouba, Nabel, and Tunis Provinces: Bailly-Choumara et al. (1971: 380–881): brief description of breeding sites (as S. mediterraneum  ). Medjerda Basin, Northwestern and Eastern Tunisia, Ichkeul Lake Hydrosystem, Southern Watercourses: Boumaiza & Clergue-Gazeau (1986: 32–34, 37): distribution map, ecology at breeding sites.

Libya: Northern Cyrenaica: Crosskey & Ashford (1981: 648–651): first record for Libya, previous taxonomic confusion by Bezzi (1921), Tedeschi (1930), Zavatarri (1930, 1934), and Parrot (1949) clarified. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 116): inventoried.

Comment: Simulium pseudequinum  has adapted well to disturbed watercourses, and is one of the most abundant and widespread black flies in the Mediterranean Basin. It is a strong candidate for cryptic diversity and in this regard would be an excellent subject for chromosomal and molecular investigation.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) quadrifila Grenier, Faure & Laurent, 1957 

Morocco: Rif, Pré Rif, Plain of Meknès , Middle Atlas, Coastal Méséta, High Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 56–57): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details. 

Algeria: Tlemcen Mountains: Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306–307): first record for Algeria, ecological affinities, collecting localities. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2014: 1017–1022): recorded, physical characterization of habitat. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 37–39, 43–45, 98–144): diagnosis, figures, distribution, biogeographic considerations, population structure.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) sergenti Edwards, 1923 

= ariasi Séguy, 1925 [Spain]

Morocco: Rif, Pré Rif, Middle Atlas, Central Plateau , Coastal Méséta, High Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 56): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details. 

Algeria: Séguy (1925: 42): listed, illustrations of male genitalia and pupa. Grenier (1953: 152): listed. Batna and Biskra Provinces: Edwards (1923: 647, 652–653): described as new species, compared with S. pseudequinum  ( equinum  ), male genitalia illustrated. Parrot (1949: 273–274): recorded. Algiers and Biskra Provinces: Belazzoug & Tabet-Derraz (1980: 107): listed. Djurdjura Mountains: Lounaci et al. (2000b: 127, 133): occurrence, abundance. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 143): occurrence, abundance. Tlemcen Mountains: Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 276–283): biogeography, ecology. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306–307): collecting locality. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2014: 1017–1021): physical characterization of habitat. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 39–40, 41–45, 98–144): diagnosis, figures, distribution, biogeographic considerations, population structure.

Tunisia: Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986: 604–605, 607, 608, 611, 613, 618–621, 624–627, 632–633): recorded, dichotomous key, illustrations. Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 283): listed but locality unspecified. Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 116): inventoried. Northwestern Tunisia, Ichkeul Lake Hydrosystem: Boumaiza & Clergue-Gazeau (1986: 32–34, 37): first record for Tunisia, collecting sites, distribution map, ecology at breeding sites.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium

Loc

Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui 2018

2018
Loc

Simulium (Wilhelmia) quadrifila

Grenier, Faure & Laurent 1957

1957
Loc

mediterraneum

Puri 1925

1925
Loc

Simulium (Wilhelmia) sergenti

Edwards 1923

1923