Simulium (Nevermannia) ruficorne

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui, 2018, Inventory of the Black Flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of North Africa, Zootaxa 4442 (2), pp. 201-220: 209-210

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4442.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6162E13B-C61B-4476-8507-4B79FDEED9CB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B487FA-C24C-5264-FF44-8760CA5EF8A2

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Simulium (Nevermannia) ruficorne
status

 

Simulium (Nevermannia) ruficorne  species group

Bailly-Choumara & Beaucournu-Saguez (1981: 53–54): records (as groupe ruficorne  sp. A).

Simulium (Nevermannia) angustitarse (Lundström, 1911) 

Morocco: Rif: Belqat et al. (2011: 50): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Algeria: Djurdjura Mountains: Lounaci et al. (2000b: 127, 133): occurrence, abundance, bionomics. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 143, 149): occurrence, abundance, bionomics. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 41–45): distribution.

Simulium (Nevermannia) ibleum (Rivosecchi, 1966) 

? ‘B’ Bailly-Choumara & Beaucournu-Saguez, 1978 ( Simulium  sp.) [Morocco]

[ latipes  : misidentification, Zavattari, 1930, 1934, not Meigen]

Morocco: Rif, High Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 50): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Algeria: Tlemcen Mountains: Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 276–283): first record for Algeria, biogeography, ecology. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): listed. Western Algeria: Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54–55): listed but locality unspecified. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 41–45): distribution.

Tunisia: Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986: 604–605, 607, 609–610, 612, 616–617, 620–621, 626–627, 634–635): dichotomous key, illustrations. Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 283): listed but locality unspecified. Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 64): inventoried. Medjerda Basin, Northwestern Tunisia: Boumaiza & Clergue-Gazeau (1986: 32–34, 36): first record for Tunisia, distribution map, ecology at breeding sites.

Libya: Northern Cyrenaica: Crosskey & Ashford (1981: 650): first record for Libya, previous taxonomic confusion by Zavattari (1930, 1934) clarified. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 64): inventoried.

Simulium (Nevermannia) lundstromi (Enderlein, 1921) 

= latigonium (Rubtsov, 1956)  [Russia]

Morocco: Rif, High Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 50): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Algeria: Djurdjura Mountains: Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): mistakenly listed as present (no record of this species exists for Djurdjura Mountains). Tlemcen Mountains: Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 276-283): first record for North Africa, biogeography and ecology (as S. (N.) latigonium  ). Gagneur & Chaoui-Boudghane (1991: 81): abundance, relation with hyporheic environment (as S. (N.) latigonium  ). Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306–307): listed. Giudicelli et al. (2000: 66): listed (as S. (N.) latigonium  ).

Western Algeria: Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54, 56): listed but locality unspecified (as S. (N.) latigonium  ). Seybouse Basin: Cherairia et al. (2014: 169–171): first record for northeastern Algeria, ecology at breeding sites, seasonal occurrence. Cherairia (2015: 122–126, 186): diagnosis, ecology at breeding sites, seasonality, distribution map, photographs of larvae. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 41–45): distribution.

Simulium (Nevermannia) ruficorne Macquart, 1838 

beckeri Roubaud, 1906  [Algeria]

[lineatum: misidentification, Bezzi, 1921 (part), not Meigen]

Morocco: Crosskey et al. (2002: 420): distribution map. Rif, Haouz Plain, High Atlas, Anti Atlas: Belqat et al. (2011: 51): inventoried with faunistic and bibliographical details.

Algeria: Séguy (1925: 37): listed but locality unspecified. Crosskey et al. (2002: 420): distribution map.

Biskra Area: Roubaud (1906: 519-520): described as new species (as S. beckeri  ). Edwards (1923: 650–551, 653): taxonomy, pupa illustrated (as S. beckeri  ). Parrot (1949: 274–274): recorded (as S. beckeri  ). Grenier (1953: 148): listed. Tassili n’Ajjer Mountains: Grenier & Clastrier (1960: 329–330): recorded as Saharan simuliid, description of breeding sites. Belazzoug & Tabet-Derraz (1980: 107): recorded (as S. beckeri  ). Hoggar Mountains: Clastrier & Grenier (1961: 106, 107): descriptions of collecting habitats. Eastern Algeria: Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed. Djurdjura Mountains: Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306): mistakenly listed as present (no record of this species exists for Djurdjura Mountains). Haouchine & Lounaci (2012: 151): bionomics. Tlemcen Mountains: Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis et al. (2012: 306–307): first record for mountains. Chaoui Boudghane- Bendiouis et al. (2014: 1017–1021): physical characterization of habitat, spatial distribution, microhabitat and microdistribution. Chaoui Boudghane-Bendiouis (2016: 23–26, 41–45, 98–144): diagnosis, figures, distribution, biogeographic considerations, population structure. Seybouse Basin: Cherairia et al. (2014: 169–171): morphoforms ‘A’ and ‘B’ briefly described (pupae), ecology at breeding sites, seasonal occurrence. Cherairia (2015: 127–135, 186): diagnosis, ecology at breeding sites, seasonal occurrence, distribution map, photographs of specimens. Oued El Haï Basin: Arigue et al. (2016: 2842–2847): occurrence, abundance, physical characterization of habitat.

Tunisia: Séguy (1925: 37): recorded as severe nuisance and biting pest (possibly a misidentification) (as S. beckeri  ). Clergue-Gazeau & Boumaiza (1986: 604–605, 607, 609–610, 612, 616–623, 636–637): dichotomous key, illustrations. Gagneur & Clergue-Gazeau (1988: 283): listed but locality unspecified. Clergue-Gazeau et al. (1991: 54): listed but locality unspecified. Crosskey et al. (2002: 420): distribution map. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 64): inventoried. Southern Area: Boumaiza & Clergue-Gazeau (1986: 32–34, 36): first record for Tunisia, distribution, ecology at breeding sites.

Libya: Northern Cyrenaica: Crosskey & Ashford (1981: 648, 650): first record for Libya, previous taxonomic confusion by Bezzi (1921) clarified. Crosskey et al. (2002: 420): distribution map. Adler & Crosskey (2018: 64): inventoried.

Egypt: Sinai Peninsula: Crosskey (1967: 4, 5, 23): recorded from Firran Oasis, pupal gill illustrated. Crosskey & Büttiker (1982: 411, 420, 421): listed but locality unspecified, morphoforms ‘H’ and ‘J’ recognized to accommodate Egyptian pupal gill configurations. Crosskey et al. (2002: 420): distribution map. New Site ( Fig. 1 View Figure ): Faiyum, protected area of the valley of Wadi El-Rayan, streamlet Wadi El-Rayan, 298′52″N 3023′33″E, 20 m below sea level, 9 April 2015, 25 larvae (10 fixed in 1:3 acetic ethanol) and 6 pupae.

Comment: The streamlet in Faiyum with S. ruficorne  , which flowed downhill on a sandy substrate, was almost dry ( Fig. 1 View Figure ). The wet section harbored larvae and pupae of S. ruficorne  , mostly on stones. The water was warm (25°C) and alkaline (pH 8.14), with average salinity (1.6%), low conductivity (3.2 µS/cm), and submerged aquatic vegetation. Of 10 larvae fixed in 1:3 acetic ethanol, the chromosomes of two male larvae were analyzed. We found that the chromosomes were similar to those of larvae from the Canary Islands ( Bedo 1989) and Algeria ( Cherairia et al. 2014), despite the isolation of the Egyptian population and its distance from Algeria. Specifically, IIL-3, IIIL-1, and IIIL-2 were homozygous inverted, IIL-1 was heterozygous in both larvae, and the 83B band was thickened in one of four homologues.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium

Loc

Simulium (Nevermannia) ruficorne

Belqat, Boutaïna, Adler, Peter H., Cherairia, Mouna & Boudghane-Bendiouis, Chafika Chaoui 2018

2018
Loc

beckeri

Roubaud 1906

1906