Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893b

Williams, Jason L., 2016, Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the ant genus Prenolepis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 4200 (2), pp. 201-258: 234

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4200.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:82A45A60-4A76-43A3-9F95-F37AC43F4F97

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B58794-4275-6D0D-849F-A3E8ACAD85A8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893b
status

 

Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893b 

( Figs 98–100View FIGURES 98 – 100)

Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893b: 223  (w.). Holotype worker, MYANMAR: Carin , Asciuii Cheba, 1100m, 01.xii.1887 ( MSNG: CASENT0905675) [examined]. 

Prenolepis melanogaster carinifrons Santschi, 1920: 173  (w.). Holotype worker, VIETNAM  : Tonkin ( NHMB: CASENT0912316) [examined]. syn. nov. 

Prenolepis nigriflagella Xu, 1995: 338  (w.). Holotype worker, CHINA: Yunnan, 1550m, 23.8°N 100.0°E, 13.x.1991 ( SWFU: A91–1103) [examined]. syn. nov.GoogleMaps 

Worker diagnosis. Relatively large in overall size (TL> 4.25mm; Fig 23View FIGURES 15 – 27); yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster; head as broad as or broader than long (CI> 97) with round compound eyes that are spaced far apart (REL3 <35); setae on scapes are erect.

Most similar species. This species is unique in its appearance.

Morphology. Worker. Measurements (n=3): CMC: 46–50; EL: 0.24–0.29; EW: 0.23–0.26; HL: 1.06–1.24; HLA: 0.53–0.66; HLP: 0.41–0.47; HW: 1.03–1.30; IOD: 0.70–0.90; LF1: 0.29–0.35; LF2: 0.20–0.25; LHT: 1.92–2.29; MMC: 4–8; MTW: 0.55–0.70; MW: 0.37–0.45; PDH: 0.42–0.47; PMC: 11–16; PrCL: 0.65–0.77; PrCW: 0.39–0.45; PrFL: 1.26–1.49; PrFW: 0.22–0.26; PTH: 0.42–0.47; PTL: 0.43–0.55; PTW: 0.33–0.42; PW: 0.64–0.77; SL: 1.47– 1.70; TL: 4.28–4.93; WF1: 0.09; WF2: 0.08–0.09; WL: 1.55–1.92; BLI: 143–151; CI: 97–105; EPI: 128–139; FLI: 135–144; HTI: 171–187; PetHI: 100–101; PetWI: 75–77; PrCI: 58–60; PrFI: 17–18; REL: 21–23; REL2: 21–23; REL3: 31–33; SI: 129–144.

Relatively large in overall size (TL> 4.25mm; Fig 23View FIGURES 15 – 27); yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster; cuticle of head, pronotum, mesopleuron, propodeum, and gaster smooth and shiny; abundant very long, erect setae on scapes, head, mesosoma, gaster, and legs; head slightly broader than long and round in shape with indistinct posterolateral corners and a weakly convex posterior margin; eyes moderately sized, convex, and placed far apart (REL3 <35); compound eyes do not surpass the lateral margins of the head in full-face view; torulae overlap with the posterior border of the clypeus; anterior border of clypeus with a pair of prominent anterolateral lobes ( Fig 46View FIGURES 38 – 50); mandibles with 6 teeth on the masticatory margin; ectal surface of mandibles smooth and shiny; in profile view, propodeum is domed with a rounded dorsal face; dorsal apex of petiole scale is sharply angled and forward-inclined ( Fig 53View FIGURES 51 – 56).

Notes. This species is much larger and more hirsute than all other Prenolepis  species and has a distinctly broad head (CI: 97–105). Prenolepis melanogaster  also has a yellow-brown head and mesosoma with a dark brown to black gaster, similar to the coloration seen in P. fustinoda  .

MSNG

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 'Giacomo Doria'

NHMB

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

CMC

Coleccion Mastozoologica del Centro de Investigacion en Biodiversidad y Conservacion,Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos

HLA

Harold L. Lyon Arboretum

LHT

Lahti City Museum

PTH

Perth Museum and Art Gallery

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Prenolepis

Loc

Prenolepis melanogaster Emery, 1893b

Williams, Jason L. 2016
2016
Loc

Prenolepis melanogaster

Emery 1893: 223
Loc

Prenolepis melanogaster carinifrons

Santschi 1920: 173
Loc

Prenolepis nigriflagella

Xu 1995: 338