Calapnita phasmoides Deeleman-Reinhold, 1986

Bernhard A. Huber, 2017, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Southeast Asian leaf-dwelling spider genus Calapnita Simon (Araneae, Pholcidae), Zootaxa 4219 (1), pp. 1-63: 26-29

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.273086

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Calapnita phasmoides Deeleman-Reinhold, 1986


Calapnita phasmoides Deeleman-Reinhold, 1986 

Figs 98–102View FIGURES 98 – 106

Calapnita phasmoides Deeleman-Reinhold, 1986b: 217  , figs 46–51, 59e (♂ ♀). Huber 2011: 55 (except specimens from Sumatra and Java; see C. anai  ), figs 194–195 (not figs 70–71, 196–197, see C. phyllicola  ). 

Diagnosis. Males are easily distinguished from most congeners (except C. anai  and C. deelemanae  ) by simple appendix with small subdistal side-branch ( Fig. 101View FIGURES 98 – 106); from C. anai  and C. deelemanae  by tip of procursus (not strongly bent; with distinct retrolateral process; dorsal flat process not gradually but abruptly widening; Figs 98– 100View FIGURES 98 – 106); females of these three species and C. subphyllicola  may be indistinguishable externally, but the slightly elongated and anteriorly converging pore plates might be distinctive of C. phasmoides  ( Fig. 102View FIGURES 98 – 106).

Notes. For the present study, almost all material listed in Huber (2011) was restudied (except specimens from Sumatra because fresh material from the same locality in Sumatra was available; see C. anai  below); in addition, the holotype from East Kalimantan, Borneo, deposited in RMNH ( ARA 9574), was also examined. As mentioned earlier ( Huber 2011), males from outside East and Central Kalimantan (at that time only Sumatra and Java, now also Sabah and Malay Peninsula) differ slightly from males from Borneo. All specimens from outside Borneo are here separated from C. phasmoides  and formally described as C. anai  (see below).

An additional very similar species seems to occur in Sabah, Ulu Senegang (5.36°N, 116.03°E, 3♂ 6♀, RMNH, ARA 17810–12). In males of this putative species, the procursus looks intermediate (in lateral view almost identical to C. anai  ; in dorsal view with distinct retrolateral process as in C. phasmoides  ; Figs 103–105View FIGURES 98 – 106). The appendix is very similar to C. phasmoides  and C. anai  ( Fig. 106View FIGURES 98 – 106). These specimens are all in very bad condition and the species is thus not formally described.GoogleMaps 

For the present study, the genitalia of one of the four females available from East and Central Kalimantan were cleared ( Fig. 102View FIGURES 98 – 106). It became obvious that the previously cleared female ( Huber 2011: figs 70–71, 196–197) from Tumbang Tahai, Central Kalimantan ( RMNH, ARA 17813View Materials), which at that time accompanied an unambiguous C. phasmoides  male ( RMNH, ARA 17451View Materials), was a misidentified C. phyllicola  . In contrast to C. phyllicola  , the female internal genitalia of C. phasmoides  are characterized by oval rather than drop-shaped pore plates and an unpaired rather than paired internal ‘sac’ ( Fig. 102View FIGURES 98 – 106).

Distribution. Known from East and Central Kalimantan only ( Fig. 281View FIGURE 281). Specimens from Sumatra and Java previously assigned tentatively to this species are here assigned to the newly described C. anai  (see below).


National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis














Calapnita phasmoides Deeleman-Reinhold, 1986

Bernhard A. Huber 2017

Calapnita phasmoides

Huber 2011: 55
Deeleman-Reinhold 1986: 217