Procollina nicaraguaensis, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65 : 31-34

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Procollina nicaraguaensis

n. sp.

Procollina nicaraguaensis n. sp.

( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 )

Procollina n. sp. Sanborn & Maes 2012: 439 –440. Procollina sp. Maes et al. 2012: 75 –77.

Type material. Holotype male. “NICA: Jinotega: / Cerro Kilambé / Camp 6- Las Torres / UTM 16P–1500100– / 0 637100 – 1000 m / 23/ 30-IV-2001 / col. J. Sunyar & / B. Hernandez // MEL / MAES 46310 ” ( FSCA) . Paratypes. “NICA: Jinotega: / Cerro Kilambé / Camp 2- Los Quetzales / UTM 16P–1503500– / 0 638900 – 1400 m / 23/ 30– IV–2001 / col. J. Sunyar & / B. Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446307-446308 ” 2 females (MEL-LEON); “ NICA : Jinotega: / Cerro Kilambé / Camp 2- Los Quetzales / UTM 16P–1503500– / 0 638900 – 1400 m / 23/ 30–IV–2001 / col. J. Sunyar & / B. Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446309 ” 1 female ( AFSC); “ NICA : Jinotega: / Cerro Kilambé / Camp 1 – 1400 m / UTM 16P–1503500– / 0 638900 / 23/ 30-IV-2001 / col. J. Sunyar & / B. Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446304-446305 ” 1 male and 1 female ( AFSC); “ NICA : Jinotega: / Cerro Kilambé / Camp 1 – 1400 m / UTM 16P–1503500– / 0 638900 / 23/ 30–IV–2001 / col. J. Sunyar & / B. Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446306 ” 1 female (MEL-LEON); “ NICA: Zelaya: / Penias Blancas / 13 17N, 85 38W / 25-VII-1997 1300 m / Maes / B.Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446312 ” 1 female (MEL-LEON); “ NICA: Zelaya: / Penias Blancas / 13 17N, 85 38W / 25-VII-1997 1300 m / Maes / B.Hernandez // MEL / MAES 446311 ” 1 female ( AFSC); “ NICA GoogleMaps : Jinotega: / El Diablo - Datanli / 13o 06’20”N, 85o 51’28”W / bosque nebulina - 1483 m / IV-2005 – col. Jean-Michel Maes // MEL / MAES 445877 ” 1 female (MEL-LEON). GoogleMaps

Etymology. The name is a combination of nicaragua– for the country of origin of the type series, Nicaragua, and –ensis (L. suffix denoting place).

Description. Ground color greenish and tawny marked with piceous and castaneous. The species may be discolored from the traps and is probably greener in life.

Head: Head tawny, not as wide as mesonotum, piceous surrounding median ocellus, posterior to lateral ocelli connecting to longitudinal marks lateral to lateral ocelli and posterior cranial depression, piceous line between medial angle of eye and posterior head in some paratypes, supra-antennal plate and anterior vertex dark tawny, castaneous fascia on midline between frontoclypeal suture and median ocellus and on either side of posterior epicranial suture, these two fascia fuse into large castaneous spot on posterior head of some paratypes. Covered with short silvery pile posterodorsally, short piceous pile on vertex and frons, and longer silvery pile posterior to eye. Ocelli greenish, tawny in some paratypes, eyes tawny, castaneous in some paratypes. Ventral head tawny with castaneous spot on medial suture of gena and lorum, posterior two-thirds of lorum castaneous with piceous posteromedial margin. Long silvery pile on lorum and gena. Postclypeus tawny with transverse castaneous fascia across apex and transverse ridges, reduced to lateral spots in some paratypes, with nine transverse grooves, and ventroposterior margin dorsal surface light castaneous, short silvery pile and white pubescence on lateral postclypeus, castaneous fascia on posteroventral midline in some paratypes. Anteclypeus tawny with greenish anterior margin, castaneous fascia on either side of middle carina and transverse castaneous mark posterior to these marks, covered with silvery pile. Mentum and labium greenish, labium with piceous tip reaching to hind trochanters with sparse short and long silvery pile. Scape and pedicel tawny, distal scape with castaneous annular mark, remaining antennal segments castaneous.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax greenish-tawny. Pronotum with darker tawny marks on anterior disc between paramedian and lateral fissures, a comma-shaped mark extending longitudinally from posterior paramedian fissure across disc, most of lateral disc, transversely along dorsal midline, and two darker marks extending to either side of midline at dorsomedial ambient fissure, tawny replaced by castaneous in some paratypes. Anterior paramedian fissure, lateral fissure and lateral ambient fissure marked with piceous or dark castaneous, posterior paramedian fissure similarly marked in some paratypes. Pronotal collar greenish-tawny, lateral margin green, with transverse castaneous fascia across posterior midline. Spots on disc darken, enlarge and/or fuse in some paratypes. Pronotum covered with short silvery pile, short piceous pile dorsoanteriorly forming an approximate triangle, extending along dorsal midline in some paratypes, across anterior lateral portion of pronotal collar giving the appearance of a piceous spot and along lateral ambient fissure. Mesonotum greenish-tawny, castaneous fasciae along parapsidal suture except anterior fifth, triangular fascia lateral to parapsidal suture, fascia on disc between posterior parapsidal suture and lateral sigilla, small fasciae on either side of disc midline, and castaneous mottling in submedian and lateral sigillae. Scutal depression castaneous. Marks expanded or reduced in paratypes with additional marks lateral to scutal depression and anterior to anterior arm of cruciform elevation or dorsomedially between parapsidal sutures possible. Cruciform elevation and wing groove greenish-tawny. Metanotum green, tawny lateral spot in some paratypes. Short silvery pile on mesonotum, longer and very dense on lateral margin giving the appearance of a silvery fascia, laterally and anteriorly between arms of cruciform elevation, shorter silvery pile on dorsolateral disc. Long piceous pile on anterolateral margin, on posterior and posterolateral curvature, laterally and between anterior arms of cruciform elevation and in wing groove, shorter, sparse piceous pile on anterior dorsal surface, expanding along midline and disc in some paratypes, on dorsal surface and medial posterior margin of cruciform elevation in some paratypes. Ventral thoracic segments green, tawny in some paratypes, with castaneous spot on episternum 2, basisternum 2, and basisternum 3, with white pubescence and long silvery pile.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation tawny, green distally, except greenish-tawny costa, tawny cubitus posterior + anal vein 1 and anal vein 2 + 3 with piceous posterior margin, piceous cubitus anterior along basal cell, piceous arculus and bases of cubitus anterior and median veins, piceous spot at node. Basal cell clouded with green, tawny in some paratypes, and proximal cubital cell infuscated. Pterostigma present. Infuscation in proximal cubital cell, proximal basal cell, across arculus, on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing L-shaped marks, spot of infuscation proximal to these terminal marks on median veins 1–4, fusing to distal infuscation in some paratypes, longitudinal infuscation near proximal portions of the L-shaped marks within apical cells 2–5 with mark in apical cell 5 lightest, on proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radial crossvein, on radiomedial crossvein, on median crossvein extending onto distal median vein 1 + 2, proximal median vein 4, on mediocubital crossvein, and on proximal cubitus anterior 1 and the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, incomplete mark on cubitus anterior 2 in some paratypes, and spot at node that extends on distal median vein, portion on median vein absent in some paratypes, and on nodal line on median vein and median vein 3 + 4. Basal membrane of fore wing dark gray mottled with red, piceous posteriorly. Venation of hind wing green at base becoming tawny distally, completely tawny or some veins completely green in paratypes. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 dark gray mottled with red, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 gray mottled with red. Infuscation at base of cubital cells 1 and 2, distal anal cell 1, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal margin of anal cell 2. Light infuscation along ambient vein in anterior two thirds of apical cells and on outer wing margin.

Legs: Legs greenish-tawny with castaneous spots on lateral base of coxa, castaneous fascia on medial anterior coxa, anterior and medial trochanters, femora striped with light tawny, and distal tibiae becoming castaneous. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous with green tip, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, secondary spine upright, triangular, green at base with castaneous tip, small, angled, black apical spine. Tibiae tawny with castaneous distal end, castaneous mark near proximal end of middle and hind tibiae. Tarsi green proximally, distally castaneous with annular castaneous mark almost to distal end of pretarsus, tarsal claws green at base, small castaneous stripe and piceous tips, tibial spurs and comb castaneous with piceous tip.

Operculum: Male operculum with lateral margin straight along body axis as base, angled medially at about one-third length to smoothly rounded posterolateral margin, curved posterior margin, reaching to anterior of sternite II just covering tympanal cavity, green with castaneous spot on lateral base, castaneous fascia on medial base, and castaneous spot around meracanthus, covered with white pubescence, thicker at base. Medial margin rounded, extending to middle of hind coxa. Meracanthus pointed, green with dark spot on base, not reaching to middle of operculum, with sparse white pubescence. Female operculum with lateral margin straight along body axis as base, with rounded posterolateral margin, posterior margin curving anteriorly terminating medial to meracanthus reaching to posterior of sternite II, tawny covered with white pubescence. Female meracanthus not as long as operculum, tawny with castaneous mark near base and white pubescence. Opercula with long silvery pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites tawny anteriorly, green posteriorly, dark tawny in some paratypes, light castaneous spots on lateral tergites, covered with long silvery pile, especially dense laterally and dorsolaterally on tergites 2, slightly more lateral on 3, and on dorsolateral tergites 6–8, silvery pile along dorsal midline in some paratypes, piceous pile on remaining regions of tergites 1–7, especially dense posterior to timbal cavity and anterolateral tergite 3. Timbal cover recurved, ochraceous exposing timbal, short silvery pile radiating from timbal cover. Timbal with one long and dark spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 tawny, large castaneous fasciae on dorsolateral surfaces that bifurcates at posterior terminus with the lateral branch terminating surrounding the piceous stigma and anterior branch joining with castaneous mark on dorsal beak, tawny ventrolaterally, castaneous on ventroposterior margin, with long, golden pile along ventral and posterior margins, short piceous pile anterolaterally, silvery pile dorsally and laterally. Posterior margin of female abdominal segment 9 sinuate. Sternites and epipleurites green mottled with tawny, anterior sternite III castaneous and castaneous spots on lateral sternites III–VII in some paratypes, male sternites III–VII translucent, sternite VIII V-shaped radiating long silvery pile. Female sternite VII with sinuate posterior margin and medial notch, dark castaneous spot on ventrolateral surface and on anterolateral margin. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer tawny with castaneous mark on lateral base extending to lateral dorsal beak, covered with short silvery pile, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular with silvery pile dorsally. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes tawny, elongated with medial margin producing curved terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer. Anal styles tawny, darker at base, anal tube tawny. Median uncus lobe tawny, short, roughly triangular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes tawny, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe bifurcating to meet along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they arch to form semicircular terminus and branching off at an approximate right angle when viewed laterally curling under terminus to form a support for the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes rounded forming a support around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous.

Female gonapophysis VIII tawny, gonapophysis IX dark castaneous. Gonocoxite X piceous extending just past dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Anal styles tawny.

Measurements (mm). N = 2 males or 8 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 29.05 (27.8–30.3), female 24.90 (23.4–26.6); length of fore wing: male 38.35 (38.1–38.6), female 36.35 (34.1–37.1); width of fore wing: male 11.90 (11.9–11.9), female 11.38 (10.7–11.9); length of head: male 3.60 (3.6–3.6), female 3.60 (3.5– 3.7); width of head including eyes: male 7.00 (7.0–7.0), female 6.93 (6.8–7.0); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 11.05 (11.0–11.1), female 10.83 (10.3–11.2); width of mesonotum: male 8.05 (7.8–8.3), female 7.93 (7.5–8.2).

Diagnosis. Procollina nicaraguaensis n. sp. can be distinguished from P. biolleyi , P. obesa , P. ustulata n. sp. and P. webbi n. sp. by the bronzing of the fore wing in these species. Similarly, P. guatemalensis n. sp., P. mayaensis n. sp. and P. ulnamaculata n. sp. can be distinguished by the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3 not found in this new species. Procollina parva n. sp. can be distinguished by its head being as wide or wider than the mesonotum and P. minima n. sp. can be distinguished by its small body size and radiomedial crossvein being highly angled with respect to the radial crossvein. The distal fore wing medial veins lack infuscation between the proximal vein divergence and the distal L-shaped infuscation P. convexa n. sp., P. mesomaculata n. sp., P. nuevoleonensis n. sp., P. tamaulipasensis n. sp. which are spotted in this new species. The infuscation in the hind wing margin of P. nicaraguaensis n. sp. distinguishes P. medea which lacks this infuscation. Procollina queretaroensis can be distinguished by its smaller body size (body length less than 23 mm). The anterior postclypeus extends anteriorly along the midline when viewed from above in P. nicaraguaensis n. sp. but forms a smoothly curved surface with the supra-antennal plates in P. hondurensis n. sp. and P. nigrapilosa n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the type series collected in the Departments of Jinotega and Zelaya (now the North Caribbean Autonomous Region), Nicaragua.


Museo Entomologico de Leon


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology














Procollina nicaraguaensis

Sanborn, Allen F. 2018


Sanborn & Maes 2012 : 439
Maes et al. 2012 : 75