Procollina convexa, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65 : 8-12

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Procollina convexa

n. sp.

Procollina convexa n. sp.

( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 )

Type material. Holotype. “ HONDURAS: Sta. Barbara / El Volcán 1320 m / 21 km NW Trinidad / N15°08’02”, W88°18’01” / 26 Junio 2000 / R. Cordero & J. Torres / 35.150 EAPZ ” 1 male ( FSCA). Paratypes GoogleMaps . “HONDURAS: Copán / Montaña Tejutales / 8 km NW San Agustin / N14°49’01”, W88°58’07” / 27 Junio 2000 1600 m / R. Cordero & J. Torres / 35.083 EAPZ ” 1 female ( AFSC); “ Honduras GoogleMaps : Copán / 6 km NW San / Agustin V/19–20/02 / J. Huether ” 1 female ( CUIC); “ HONDURAS : Intibucá / Sierra de Montecillos / El Aguila Otoro 1750 m / N14°29’, W87°55’ / 30 Agosto 2000 / R. Cordero & J. Torres / 42.118 EAPZ ” 1 female ( FSCA); “ HONDURAS, Cortéz / Merendón, 1500 mm, adj. to / Parque Nac. De Cusuco / N15°30’12”, W88°11’54” / (Orion) GoogleMaps , 24 July 2001 / C.L. Smith, BL + HgV” 1 female ( UGCA); “ HONDURAS : Yoro / Parq Nac Pico Bonito / San Rafael 1200 m / N15°31’30”, W86°46’43” / 21 Mayo 2001 / Cave & Torres & Samayoa / 60.807 EAPZ ” 1 male ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / nr. Cerro Negro Norte, 1 km / W GoogleMaps . Honduras, 1150m elev. / 6–7–VI–2002, M.V. Light / J. & C. Monzon, S. Davis, / R.E. Woodruff ” 4 males and 5 females ( FSCA) , 4 males and 4 females ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / E. of Morales, Sierra del Mer- / endon, Finca Firmeza , 1 km / W of Honduras 1250 m elev. / 27–28–V–2003, at light, cloud / forest R. Woodruff / J. Monzon ” 1 male ( FSCA); “ GUATEMALA: Dept. Izabel / E. of Morales, Sierra del Mer- / endon, Finca Firmeza, 1 km / W . Honduras 1250M elev. / 13–14–VII– 2005, cloud forest / piceous light/mercury vapor / R. Woodruff, J. Monzon” 2 males and 1 female (FSCA), 1 male and 1 female ( AFSC). “ GUATEMALA / Zacapa, La Union / 4–V–92, 1300 m / Pilar Alegrenos // HOMOPTERA” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Zacapa / Arriba La Union / 1500 m . 1 V 1992 / H. Castañeda ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Guatemala / Guatemala / 11 V 1991 / J. Monzon ” 1 female and 1 male ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Izabal / S.E. Morales, cerca Negro / Norte 1150m , 27 Junio 1998 / 16318120E. 1700831N. / Col. Enio Cano, José Monzón ” 2 females and 1 male ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Zacapa, La Union / 4 V 1992 1300 m / Cristina Bailey ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Izabal / Puerto Barrios / 6–I–92 / Cristian Granizo ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Izabal / Pto Barrios / Serro Sa. Gil / 23 IV 1992 / H. Moeoar ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Izabal / S.E. Morales, cerca Negro / Norte ± 1150m , 27 Junio 1998 / 16318120E. 1700831N. / Col. Enio Cano, José Monzón ” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Izabal / Morales, Finca Firmeza / 950m , 18 abril 2007 / 15°22.749–88°41.689 / Col. Monzón y Camposeco / COLECCION J. MONZON” 1 female ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA, Izabal / S.E. Morales, cerca Negro / Norte ± 1150m , 27 Junio 1998 / 16318120E. 1700831N. / Col. Enio Cano, José Monzón” 1 male (UDVG).

Etymology. The species is named for the outwardly curved mark on the dorsal mesothorax that extends from the disc across the cruciform elevation to the posterior angle of the mesothorax, convexa (L. arched outward).

Description. Ground color ranging from green to greenish-tawny to tawny marked with piceous and castaneous, fresh or live specimens probably green.

Head: Head not as wide as mesonotum, ocelli surrounded by castaneous, piceous in some paratypes expanding medially to form single spot enclosing lateral ocelli in some paratypes, castaneous anteromedially to lateral ocelli reaching to epicranial suture, castaneous posterior extension from medial lateral ocelli on either side of posterior epicranial suture in some paratypes, piceous curved fascia lateral to lateral ocellus including anterior cranial depression, reduced to two spots in some paratypes, light castaneous fascia extending from posterolateral lateral ocellus towards anterior margin of eye, piceous tear-drop shaped mark extending posteromedially from medial angle of eye, castaneous extension from median ocellus half way to frontoclypeal suture, complete or piceous in some paratypes, frontoclypeal suture ground color, posterior cranial depression castaneous, piceous or ground color in some paratypes. Supra-antennal plate ground color with castaneous medial spot on ventral supra-antennal plate that extends along anterior margin as a thin fascia, piceous in some paratypes, short piceous pile giving the appearance of spots on suture at posteromedial margin with postclypeus or anterolateral margin in some paratypes. Vertex covered with short piceous pile, denser in sutures, longer golden pile posterolateral to eye. Ocelli rosaceous, green in some paratypes, eyes castaneous, tawny in some paratypes. Ventral head tawny, green in some paratypes, with piceous spot expanding on anteromedial suture of gena, lorum and postclypeus, castaneous spot on medial eye, spots connecting as piceous fascia between eye and postclypeus in some paratypes, castaneous spot on gena at the anterolateral angle of lorum in some paratypes, piceous posteromedial margin and piceous fascia on medial margin of lorum, transverse castaneous fascia on middle lorum expanding along lateral margin, reduced or expanded in some paratypes. Long and short silvery pile on lorum and gena. Postclypeus tawny with a castaneous fasciae extending from ventroposterior margin on either side of midline to middle of ventral postclypeus where the anterior termini fuse across the midline, marks curved laterad, incomplete or reduced being found only on ventroposterior margin in some paratypes, castaneous triangular mark on dorsal postclypeus, with eleven transverse grooves, lateral transverse ridges with castaneous spots or medial transverse ridges marked with castaneous in some paratypes, short silvery pile on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus with single castaneous spot on the middle of the carina, separated into two spots on either side of midline or expanding to cover most of the central anteclypeus in some paratypes, piceous anterolateral margin, covered with silvery pile. Mentum tawny, green in some paratypes, with castaneous mark near distal margin, labium tawny, green in some paratypes, with piceous tip reaching to posterior of posterior leg trochanters, with sparse short and long silvery pile. Scape green, proximal pedicel green ventrally, castaneous dorsally and distally, piceous in some paratypes, remaining antennal segments tawny.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax tawny, greenish-tawny or green in some paratypes. Pronotum with incomplete castaneous fascia on either side of midline, complete in some paratypes, expanding laterally to form a triangular anterior margin posterior to anterior prothoracic margin, slightly widening laterally on posterior before terminating on ambient fissure, castaneous fascia on disc extending posteriorly from middle of paramedian fissure towards lateral fissure, S-shaped or J-shaped reduced in some paratypes, piceous within anterior paramedian fissure, fissure completely piceous in some paratypes, piceous within lateral fissures, piceous continues anterolaterally from anterior paramedian fissure to posterolateral ambient fissure with posterior extension of mark from posterior lateral fissure across disc to ambient fissure, marks extended to join and encircle lateral disc in piceous. Pronotal collar tawny, green or green mottled with tawny in some paratypes. Pronotum covered with short silvery pile, denser in fissures, short piceous pile forming a transverse mark on anterior dorsum, in anterior paramedian and lateral fissures, in lateral ambient fissure and across pronotal collar lateral margin. Mesonotum tawny, green or greenishtawny in some paratypes, piceous mark along parapsidal suture, thickened posteriorly into a spot in some paratypes, small, elongated castaneous spot on anterior lateral sigilla, dark castaneous J-shaped fascia around posterior lateral sigilla with transverse anterior mark extending medially to anterior extension of castaneous scutal depression, reduced in some paratypes, connected to scutal depression by light castaneous mark, darker and thicker in some paratypes, transverse mark extending to medial castaneous triangular or elongated longitudinal spots in some paratypes. Cruciform elevation ground color with ochraceous anterior arms, posterior arms and midline lighter in some paratypes, wing groove ground color with castaneous spot on posteromedial margin. Metanotum ground color. Silvery pile on dorsum, lateral margin, on lateral cruciform elevation and anteriorly between the arms of the cruciform elevation, longer and denser in the middle of the lateral mesonotal margin giving the appearance of a silvery fascia, more obvious in some paratypes. Piceous pile surrounding scutal depressions, on anterior and posterior lateral margins, on posterior margin, between arms of the cruciform elevation, transversely across the posterior cruciform elevation, and on anterolateral and posteromedial wing groove. Ventral thoracic segments tawny, green or greenish-tawny in some paratypes, with castaneous spots on anterior anepisternum 2, middle of katepisternum 2, basisternum 2, basisternum 3, distal margin of epimeral lobe, and lateral episternum 3, covered with white pubescence and sparse silvery pile.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation tawny, green becoming tawny distally in some paratypes, except castaneous cubitus anterior along basal cell, castaneous arculus, extending onto radius and subcostal vein, castaneous anterior anal vein 2 + 3, piceous posterior margin of anal vein 2 + 3, and castaneous spots on node and junction of distal cubitus anterior 2, cubitus posterior + anal vein 1 and anal vein 2 + 3, green and tawny vary within fore wings of same individuals. Basal cell clouded, infuscated at base and across arculus, basal infuscation reduced in some paratypes, in base of medial cell, base of cubital cell along proximal cubitus anterior, and infuscation in basal and distal clavus. Pterostigma present. Infuscation on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing L-shaped marks, light longitudinal infuscation within apical cells 2–6, reduced to a light spot in apical cell 7, on proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radial crossvein, proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radiomedial crossvein to extend medially on median vein 1, proximal median vein 1 connecting through proximal median vein 2 to median crossvein extending distally on median vein 3, proximal median vein 3 connecting to proximal median vein 4, these may be separated at junction in some paratypes, across mediocubital crossvein to distal cubitus anterior 1 to the ambient vein, the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, spot at node extends on distal median vein forming a spot near the base of ulnar cell 2 with light infuscation in distal radial cell, on the nodal line on junction of median vein and median vein 3 + 4 forming a curved mark. Basal membrane of fore wing white with dark gray posterior margin. Venation of hind wing green mottled with tawny, some veins ochraceous in paratypes. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 gray, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 gray. Infuscation at base of medial cell, cubital cells 1 and 2, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal margin of anal cell 2. Light infuscation along outer edge of wing margins, fore wing with wing margin infuscated distal to apical cells 1–6.

Legs: Legs tawny, green in some paratypes, with castaneous spots on lateral base and distal anterior of fore and middle coxa, castaneous marks on base and distal end of fore and middle trochanter, proximal and distal femora light castaneous with the femora striped with light castaneous, marks darker and larger in some paratypes, tibiae with castaneous spot near proximal end, central castaneous annular mark, absent in hind tibiae in holotype but present in some paratypes, and castaneous distal end. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, secondary spine triangular, upright, large for the genus, and small, piceous, angled apical spine. Fore and middle tarsi castaneous proximally and distally, green in the middle, hind tarsi green proximally, castaneous distally, tarsal claws tawny at base becoming castaneous with piceous tips, castaneous with piceous tips in some paratypes, tibial spurs and comb castaneous. Legs covered with long and short golden pile.

Operculum: Male operculum tawny, green in some paratypes, with light castaneous base, darker in some paratypes, and piceous mark along anterolateral base, lateral margin parallel to body axis joining to smoothly rounded posterolateral margin to transverse posterior margin, slightly arched in some paratypes, not covering tympanal cavity nor reaching to anterior of sternite II, covered with white pubescence, thicker at base. Medial margin rounded, not reaching to middle of hind coxa nor covering medial portion of tympanal cavity. Meracanthus pointed, tawny, green in some paratypes, with piceous spot on base, not reaching to middle of operculum, covered with white pubescence, denser at base. Female operculum with straight lateral margin angled medially to long body axis and curved posterior margin, terminating at medial meracanthus, reaching to middle of sternite II, greenish or tawny with piceous anterior margin and piceous spot on anterolateral base, covered with white pubescence. Female meracanthus almost as long as operculum, greenish or tawny with castaneous base and white pubescence. Opercula with long golden pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites tawny, greenish-tawny in some paratypes, tergites covered with long silvery and long piceous pile, piceous pile medially on tergites, proportion expanding laterally in distal tergites, very dense giving appearance of piceous spot on dorsal tergite 2 in some paratypes, piceous pile dorsolaterally on tergites 2–8 shifting laterally in posterior tergites, and lateral tergites 3–4, piceous pile separated by silvery pile giving the appearance of a central piceous fascia that widens posteriorly, with two piceous fascia on either side of central fascia separated by silvery fasciae. Timbal cover recurved exposing timbal, tawny with piceous dorsoanterior margin and short silvery pile radiating from timbal cover. Timbal with two long and one intercalary ribs, dark spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 green or tawny, castaneous fascia laterally and dorsolaterally emerging from castaneous base, dorsolateral mark incomplete extending to curvature lateral to dorsal beak, stigma within lateral castaneous fascia, piceous dorsal beak tip, green or tawny on ventroposterior margins, with long, golden pile along ventral and posterior margins, very dense short golden pile on ventral posterior margin, covered with short piceous pile, patch of short silvery pile dorsolaterally and extended above dorsolateral fascia. Posterior margin of female abdominal segment 9 sinuate, green or tawny centrally margined with castaneous dorsally and ventrally. Sternites and epipleurites tawny, male sternite VII darker with transverse posterior margin, auditory capsule on sternite II piceous, male sternites III–VII translucent, sternite VIII V-shaped, tawny with radiating long golden pile. Female sternites with castaneous mark laterally fusing with castaneous medial spot female epipleurites, spots larger in more posterior sternites and epipleurites. Female sternite VII green or tawny medial notch, posterior margin lateral to notch sinuate with the posterior extension of the notch longer than the most posterior extension of the posterolateral margin, castaneous spot on ventrolateral surface. Long golden pile radiating from sternites, sternites covered with white pubescence. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer tawny, green with a tawny ventral margin in some paratypes, light castaneous fascia curving from lateral base almost to posterior margin near curvature forming dorsal beak where there is a castaneous spot, fascia reduced or spot absent in some paratypes, covered with sparse, long, golden pile dorsally and on ventral margin, sparse, short piceous pile dorsolaterally, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes tawny, elongated with medial margin forming triangular terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer. Anal styles and anal tube tawny. Median uncus lobe tawny, very short, roughly semicircular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes tawny, green in some paratypes, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe meeting along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they bifurcate, one extension posterior to median uncus lobe recurves before the apex bends in the opposite direction, the sides taper to a rounded apex, and a second extension parallel to the apex of the upper extension and about one and a half times as long as the upper extension when viewed laterally the lateral sides smoothly curved to apex, terminating in an elongated curving sided triangle under and supporting the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes straight, angled mediad forming an enclosure around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous.

Female gonapophysis VIII castaneous, gonapophysis IX piceous. Gonocoxite X piceous extending beyond dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Anal styles green, tawny or castaneous.

Measurements (mm). N = 10 males or 10 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 22.22 (21.6–23.2), female 20.02 (18.1–21.9); length of fore wing: male 30.87 (29.6–31.9), female 29.52 (27.8–32.6); width of fore wing: male 9.48 (9.2–9.7), female 9.14 (8.6–9.8); length of head: male 2.80 (2.6–2.9), female 2.78 (2.6–3.1); width of head including eyes: male 5.90 (5.7–6.2), female 5.82 (5.4–6.3); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 8.42 (7.9–9.0), female 8.33 (7.7–9.5); width of mesonotum: male 6.62 (6.1–6.9), female 6.52 (5.9– 7.3).

Diagnosis. Procollina convexa n. sp. can be distinguished from P. biolleyi , P. obesa , P. ustulata n. sp. and P. webbi n. sp. by the bronzing of the fore wing in these species. Similarly, P. guatemalensis n. sp., P. mayaensis n. sp. and P. ulnamaculata n. sp. can be distinguished by the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3 not found in this new species. Procollina parva n. sp. can be distinguished by its head being as wide or wider than the mesonotum and P. minima n. sp. can be distinguished by its small body size and radiomedial crossvein being highly angled with respect to the radial crossvein. The distal fore wing medial veins lack a spot of infuscation between the proximal vein divergence and the distal L-shaped infuscation in P. hondurensis n. sp., P. medea , P. nicaraguaensis n. sp., P. nigrapilosa n. sp., and P. queretaroensis . The hind wing margin is infuscated in P. nuevoleonensis n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis n. sp. but is only infuscated on the distal edge in this new species and the base of hind wing apical cell 4 is infuscated in P. nuevoleonensis n. sp. and P. tamaulipasensis n. sp. The species is very similar to P. mesomaculata n. sp. in general appearance but the species differ in the upper pygofer lobe is pointed in P. convexa n. sp. but curved to the terminus in P. mesomaculata n. sp., the median uncus lobe is semicircular in P. convexa n. sp. but triangular in P. mesomaculata n. sp., the long extension of the lateral uncus lobes is about 1.5 times the length of the short extension and the lateral sides are smoothly curved to the apex in P. convexa n. sp. while the lobes are 2 times as long as the short extension and the lateral sides have a parallel base angled about midway before curving to the apex in P. mesomaculata n. sp., the fore wing infuscation extends beyond the mediocubital crossvein to median vein 3 and does not terminate at the mediocubital crossvein in P. convexa n. sp. as it does in P. mesomaculata n. sp., the mark on the distal radius anterior 2 does not extend to the fore wing apex in P. convexa n. sp. but it does in P. mesomaculata n. sp., the male operculum has a transverse posterior margin in P. convexa n. sp. but is curved in P. mesomaculata n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the type series collected in Guatemala and Honduras and is often found with P. mesomaculata n. sp.


Escuela Agricola Panamericana


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


Cornell University Insect Collection