Procollina ulnamaculata, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65 : 50-54

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Procollina ulnamaculata

n. sp.

Procollina ulnamaculata n. sp.

( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 )

Type material. Holotype. “ GUATEMALA , Zacapa / above la Unión / 16 III 1996, 1550m. / Col. P. Alarcón ” 1 male ( UDVG) . Paratypes. “ GUATEMALA, Huehuetgo / E. de Yalambojoch. Ixcan- / san. 1600m. 6-vi-2000 / Col. J. Monzon / COLECCION J. MONZON” 1 female ( UDVG) and 1 female ( AFSC) ; “ GUATEMALA , Huehuetenango / Nentón , Gracias a Dios, El / Quetzal 1600m. 20-vi-2006 / J. Monzón y F. Camposeco / COLECCION J. MONZON” 1 female ( UDVG) ; “ GUATEMALA, Sn Marcos, / Camino a Bojonal. 1635msnm. / 2–4 V 2004 J. Schuster ” 1 female ( UDVG) ; “MEX: Edo. Chiapas / 3 mi. W. Jitotol / vi–2–3–1987 /U.V. / W.B. Warner /light” 1 female ( FSCA) .

Etymology. The species is named for the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells by combining ulna– and –maculata (L. spot, stain, mark).

Description. Ground color greenish-tawny marked with piceous and castaneous, probably green in live or fresh specimens as one paratype is almost entirely green, dorsal midline appears to have a castaneous fascia extending from posterior of median ocellus including lateral ocelli to posterior of cruciform elevation.

Head: Head green with castaneous on dorsum posterior to median ocellus, reduced or darkened in some paratypes, not as wide as mesonotum, piceous surrounding lateral ocelli connecting to anterolaterad curving marks lateral to lateral ocelli continuing as castaneous mark to near anterior of eye, reduced in some paratypes, dark castaneous, piceous in one paratype, medial to lateral ocelli extending anteromedially to posterior of median ocellus and posteriorly along either side of posterior epicranial suture, reduced in some paratypes, piceous in anterior and posterior cranial depressions and posterior to anterior cranial depression near posterior of head, piceous spot at posterior median angle of eye, expanding into tear-shaped mark between medial angle of eye and posterior head in some paratypes, expanding posterolaterally along margin of eye, castaneous piceous surrounding median ocellus extending anteriorly joining with transverse piceous mark on frontoclypeal suture, anterior arm of epicranial suture castaneous, supra-antennal plate with piceous anterior margin, piceous mark along suture of supra-antennal plate and anterior vertex in one paratype. Vertex and frons covered with short piceous pile, with short silvery pile dorsally and longer silvery pile posterior to eye. Ocelli green, rosaceous in some paratypes, eyes castaneous, tawny in some paratypes. Ventral head green with piceous spot expanding on anteromedial suture of gena and lorum, piceous posteromedial margin of lorum, castaneous fascia on middle lorum. Long silvery pile and white pubescence on lorum and gena. Postclypeus greenish-tawny with ochraceous transverse ridges and lateral margins on ventral surface, castaneous spots on medial and light longitudinal castaneous fascia on dorsal midline that expands laterally on apex, castaneous fascia curving from apex to center of medial supra-antennal plate, castaneous fascia in dorsal transverse grooves, with eleven transverse grooves, short silvery pile on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus with castaneous spot on anterolateral margins and on either side of the middle of the carina, fusing to single spot in some paratypes, covered with white pubescense and silvery pile. Mentum greenishochraceous with lateral castaneous spot on middle, labium green with castaneous mark at base and piceous tip reaching to anterior sternite II with sparse short and long silvery pile. Scape tawny medially, green in some paratypes, castaneous laterally, remaining antennal segments castaneous.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax greenish-tawny, completely green in some paratypes. Pronotum with piceous fascia on either side of midline, expanding laterally to form a triangular anterior margin posterior to anterior prothoracic margin margin with medial point expanding onto anterior prothoracic margin, fusing on dorsal midline in one paratype, slightly widening laterally on posterior before terminating on ambient fissure, castaneous lateral to these piceous fascia giving the appearance of a dorsal castaneous fascia on prothorax, posterolaterally piceous mark on disc extending from middle of paramedian fissure towards curving toward lateral fissure, piceous within paramedian fissure except central region, piceous within lateral fissures, piceous continues anterolaterally from anterior paramedian fissure to ambient fissure joining with extension of mark from posterior lateral fissure across disc to encircle lateral disc. Pronotal collar green mottled with tawny, transverse castaneous mark across posterior midline, mark termini curved anteriorly onto pronotal collar. Short silvery pile on pronotum disc, in fissures and pronotal collar, short piceous pile transversely on anterior lateral part of pronotal collar in some paratypes, piceous pile absent in holotype. Mesonotum green with castaneous dorsum appearing as continuation of the the medial castaneous fascia of the pronotum, lighter posteriorly in holotype and one paratype, submedian sigilla piceous except lateral margin along parapsidal suture, reduced to large piceous fasciae along middle of submedian sigilla in some paratypes, small castaneous fascia on disc between parapsidal suture and lateral sigilla, reduced to castaneous spot on anterior margin in one paratype, curving piceous fascia around posteromedial lateral sigilla, mottled piceous fascia in anteromedial lateral sigilla, reduced in one paratype, mark on disc between submedian sigillae, fusing anteriorly but diverging to either side of midline, expanding laterally posterior to submedian sigillae and converging to terminate between scutal depressions, fascia not reaching anterior margin in some one paratype, scutal depression piceous with mark extending across distal anterior arm of cruciform elevation terminating on posterior of mesonotum lateral to cruciform elevation. Cruciform elevation green with castaneous midline and anterior arms, wing groove greenish-tawny, white spot posterior to castaneous anterior margin, anterior margin piceous in some paratypes. Metanotum greenish-tawny with piceous spots on medial margin and the middle of the anterior margin visible along the mesonotum. Silvery pile on lateral margin giving the appearance of a silvery fascia, on posterior margin, on lateral cruciform elevation and anteriorly between the arms of the cruciform elevation, in paratypes short silvery pile on mesonotum, denser along anterior parapsidal suture. Long piceous pile on anterolateral wing groove, on posterior margin, laterally on cruciform elevation, and medial posterior margin of cruciform elevation. Ventral thoracic segments greenish-tawny, green in some paratypes, except castaneous basisternum 2, trochantin 2, basisternum 3 and trochantin 3, with castaneous spots on anterior anepisternum 2, posterior katepisternum 2, epimeron 2 and episternum 3, covered with white pubescence and sparse golden pile.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation green becoming tawny distally, green expanded or replaced by tawny in some paratypes, except castaneous cubitus anterior along basal cell, arculus, base of median vein, piceous base of median vein, base of cubitus posterior + anal vein 1, base of anal vein 2 + 3, and node, posterior margin of anal vein 2 + 3 piceous. Basal cell clouded, infuscated at base and distally across arculus, infuscation in proximal cubital cell and proximal and distal clavus. Pterostigma present. Infuscation on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing L-shaped marks, longitudinal infuscation within apical cells 2–7, near proximal portions of the L-shaped marks in apical cells 2, 4, 5, and 7, incomplete forming two longitudinal spots in apical cells 3 and 6, two elongated spots or a single fascia of infuscation in apical cells of some paratypes, on proximal radius anterior 2, connecting across radial crossvein to intersection with radius posterior, proximal radius posterior across radiomedial crossvein along proximal median vein 1 and median vein 2 to median crossvein and extending onto proximal median veins 2 and 3, on mediocubital crossvein, and on proximal cubitus anterior 1 continuing along the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, infuscation spot at node that extends into base of ulnar cell 1, distal radial cell and on distal median vein extending across most of the base of ulnar cell 2, on nodal line on median vein expanding into radial cell and median vein 3 + 4 expanding into medial cell, these last two marks fused in some paratypes, and spots of infuscation in the middle of ulnar cells 2 and 3, additional spot in distal median cell in some paratypes. Basal membrane of fore wing dark gray mottled with red. Venation of hind wing green and tawny. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 gray mottled with red, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 dark gray mottled with red. Infuscation at base of medial cell, cubital cells 1 and 2, distal anal cell 1, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal margin of anal cell 2. Light infuscation along outer fore wing and hind wing margins.

Legs: Legs green, with transverse castaneous fascia on lateral base of coxae, transverse castaneous fascia on distal trochanters and proximal femora, femora striped with light castaneous, darker and larger in some paratypes, castaneous mark on proximolateral tibiae, distal tibiae castaneous. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous with piceous base, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, piceous secondary spine triangular, upright, small apical piceous spine angled distally, short golden pile between spines on femoral ridge. Tarsi castaneous proximally and distally, tawny in the middle, tarsal claws green at base, becoming castaneous with piceous tips, tibial spurs and comb castaneous. Legs covered with short golden pile, longer on tibiae and tarsi.

Operculum: Male operculum green with castaneous base and piceous anterior margin, with lateral margin parallel to body axis joining to smoothly rounded posterior margin, almost reaching to anterior of sternite II, covered with white pubescence. Medial margin rounded, extending to middle of hind coxa. Meracanthus pointed, green with castaneous spot on base and piceous anterior margin, reaching to middle of operculum, covered with white pubescence. Female operculum with straight lateral margin and curved posterior margin, terminating medially at middle of meracanthus, reaching to anterior of sternite II, greenish covered with white pubescence. Female meracanthus almost as long as operculum, greenish with castaneous base piceous anterior, margin covered with white pubescence. Opercula with long golden pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergite 1 greenish-tawny with castaneous spots on laterally, tergites 2–8 greenish tawny, tergite 2 with castaneous anterior margin, tergites 3–7 with castaneous lateral spots, piceous in some paratypes, tergite 8 with large castaneous patch dorsolaterally and transverse piceous fascia on anterolateral margin extending onto epipleurite, tergites covered with long silvery and long piceous pile, piceous pile medially on tergites, proportion expanding laterally in distal tergites, piceous pile dorsolaterally on tergites 2–8 shifting laterally in posterior tergites, and lateral tergites 3–4, piceous pile separated by silvery pile giving the appearance of a central piceous fascia that widens posteriorly, with two piceous fascia separated by silver on either side of the central fascia. Timbal cover recurved exposing timbal, green laterally, dorsolateral half piceous, short silvery pile radiating from lateral timbal cover. Timbal with two long and one intercalary ribs, dark spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 castaneous with dorsally anterior to dorsal beak, posterior dorsolateral surface and venter green, stigma piceous, dark castaneous mark surrounding piceous dorsal beak, with long, golden pile along ventral and posterior margins, very dense short golden pile on ventral posterior margin, short piceous pile dorsolaterally, silvery pile dorsally. Posterior margin of female abdominal segment 9 sinuate. Sternites greenish-tawny, sternite II with castaneous spots on auditory capsule, transverse castaneous mark on anterior margin of sternites III, sternite VII tawny anteriorly, green posteriorly, male sternites III–VII translucent, sternite VIII U-shaped, green, radiating long silvery pile. Female sternites with piceous transverse fascia laterally between sternites and castaneous mark laterally. Epipleurites greenish, castaneous medial spot in epipleurites IV–VII, darker in some paratypes. Female sternite VII tawny with wide medial green fascia that extends along the sinuate posterior margin with a deep medial notch, dark castaneous spot on ventrolateral surface. Long golden pile radiating from sternites. Sternites and epipleurites covered with white pubescence. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer greenish with ochraceous ventral margin, castaneous mediolaterally extending as fasciae curving from lateral base to posterior margin and dorsolaterally towards dorsal beak terminating as a piceous spot anterolaterally to dorsal beak base, dorsal beak castaneous with castaneous extending along posterior margin to distal shoulder, covered with sparse, long, golden pile, basally, dorsolaterally and on ventral and posterior margins, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes ochraceous, elongated with medial margin angled to straight terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer. Anal styles tawny basally, light castaneous distally, anal tube ochraceous. Median uncus lobe green, short, roughly triangular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes green, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe meeting along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they are bent at about an 80 ˚ and curving outward toward terminus when viewed laterally, terminus elongated triangle forming a support for the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes angulate forming an enclosure around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous, pseudoparameres castaneous with short golden pile.

Female gonapophysis VIII greenish tawny with mediolateral castaneous spot and castaneous spot margined in piceous on anterolateral margin, gonapophysis IX laterally tawny with castaneous midline and piceous terminus. Gonocoxite X dark castaneous extending just past dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Anal styles ochraceous.

Measurements (mm). N = 1 male or 5 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 27.0, female 23.64 (22.6– 24.6); length of fore wing: male 35.1, female 35.34 (33.7–37.5); width of fore wing: male 11.2, female 10.74 (10.1–11.4); length of head: male 3.5, female 3.42 (3.3–3.5); width of head including eyes: male 6.5, female 6.46 (6.2–7.0); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 9.2, female 9.86 (9.4–10.7); width of mesonotum: male 7.2, female 7.56 (7.1–8.0).

Diagnosis. This species can be distinguished from all species of Procollina but P. guatemalensis n. sp. and P. mayaensis n. sp. by the infuscation spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3. This species can be distinguished from P. mayaensis n. sp. by the knob-like extension of lateral uncus lobes where they bend and female sternite VII being transverse on either side of notch before expanding posteriorly in a semicircle to the lateral transverse margin in this species as well as this species being larger with a mesonotum width greater than 8 mm and a pronotal width greater than 10.8 mm. Procollina guatemalensis n. sp. can be distinguished by the lateral margins of the lateral uncus lobes being straight towards the bend to the apex and the curved posterolateral margin of female sternite VII rather than the lateral margins of the lateral uncus lobes being curved towards the bend to the apex and the transverse posterolateral margin of female sternite VII in P. ulnamaculata n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the type series collected in Guatemala and Mexico.


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology