Procollina tamaulipasensis, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, The cicada genus Procollina Metcalf, 1952 (Hemiptera: Cicadidae): redescription including fourteen new species, with a key to the species of the subtribe Dazina Kato, 1932 rev. stat., the description of the Aragualnini n. tribe, and one new combination, Zootaxa 4389 (1), pp. 1-65 : 46-50

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Procollina tamaulipasensis

n. sp.

Procollina tamaulipasensis n. sp.

( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 )

Type material. Holotype. “ Rancho del Cielo / Tamaulipas, Mexico / May 1954 / J. Heckenlaible // Procollina ? / n. sp. / Det. TEMoore 2000” 1 male ( UMSP) . Paratypes. “ MEXICO : Tamaulipas / Rancho del Cielo, circa / 7 mi. w. Gomez Farias / July 6, 1986 / Taken at piceous light / Jones, Kovarik” 1 female ( TAMU) , 2 females (AFSC); “ MEXICO: Tamps. / vic. Rancho del Cielo / nr. Gomez Farias / VI–4–1999 / D.W. Sundburg ” 1 female ( TAMU) ; “ 8 mi W El Palmito / Sin. MX 6000’ at / light 12–X–75 // 1980 / T.P. Friedlander ” 1 female ( TAMU) .

Etymology. The name is a combination of tamaulipas– for the state of origin of the type series, Tamaulipas, Mexico, and –ensis (L. suffix denoting place).

Description. Ground color green marked with piceous and castaneous, green faded to tawny in some specimens.

Head: Head green, not as wide as mesonotum, piceous surrounding posterior lateral ocelli connecting to anterolaterad curving marks lateral to lateral ocelli continuing as castaneous mark to near anterior of eye, piceous in anterior and posterior cranial depressions and posterior to anterior cranial depression near posterior of head, these marks expanded to surround lateral ocelli and fuse or reduced in some paratypes, piceous tear-shaped mark between medial angle of eye and posterior head, light castaneous marks on medial and anterior lateral ocelli and posterior median ocellus, light castaneous mark near lateral margin of supra-antennal plate and anterior vertex, castaneous fascia on midline between frontoclypeal suture and median ocellus and on either side of posterior epicranial suture, these two fascia fuse into large castaneous spot on posterior head of some paratypes, anterior arm of epicranial suture castaneous in some paratypes. Covered with short silvery pile dorsally, short piceous pile on vertex and frons, and longer silvery pile posterior to eye. Ocelli greenish, rosaceous in some paratypes, eyes castaneous, tawny in some paratypes. Ventral head green with castaneous spot on medial suture of gena and lorum, posteromedial margin and spot on medial margin of lorum castaneous, castaneous along entire lorum gena margin or transverse castaneous fascia on middle lorum curving along posterolateral margin in some paratypes. Long silvery pile on lorum and gena, white pubescence in some paratypes. Postclypeus green with ochraceous lateral margins and transverse castaneous spot on midline and posterolateral margins of dorsum, with eleven transverse grooves, short silvery pile on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus with castaneous spot on anterolateral margins and in the middle of the carina, covered with silvery pile. Mentum and labium greenish, labium with piceous tip reaching to posterior sternite I with sparse short and long silvery pile. Scape and proximal pedicel green, remaining antennal segments castaneous.

Thorax: Dorsal thorax green. Pronotum with piceous fascia on either side of midline, expanding laterally to form a triangular anterior margin posterior to anterior prothoracic margin, slightly widening laterally on posterior before terminating on ambient fissure, fascia thickened or reduced in some paratypes, posteriorly curved piceous mark on disc extending from middle of paramedian fissure towards lateral fissure, piceous within paramedian and lateral fissures, piceous continues anterolaterally from anterior paramedian fissure to ambient fissure joining with extension of mark from posterior lateral fissure across disc to encircle lateral disc. Pronotal collar green mottled with tawny, small transverse castaneous mark across posterior midline. Pronotum and pronotal collar covered with short silvery pile, short piceous pile dorsoanteriorly forming an approximate triangle, across anterior lateral portion of pronotal collar and along posterior ambient fissure, piceous pile absent in some paratypes. Mesonotum green, large castaneous fasciae along middle of submedian sigilla, incomplete fascia on disc between parapsidal suture and lateral sigilla curving around posteromedial lateral sigilla, castaneous spot in anteromedial lateral sigilla, mark on disc between submedian sigillae expanding laterally posterior to submedian sigillae and converging to a point between scutal depressions, posterior margin, and scutal depressions castaneous. Marks in submedian sigillae or posterior margin reduced in paratypes, mark on posterior margin expanding across anterior arm of cruciform elevation to join with scutal depression mark in one paratype. Cruciform elevation green, midline and arms lighter, wing groove greenish-tawny. Metanotum tawny, medial castaneous spot. Short silvery pile on mesonotum, longer and denser on lateral margin giving the appearance of a silvery fascia, laterally and anteriorly between arms of cruciform elevation, shorter silvery pile on dorsolateral disc. Long piceous pile on posterior margin, laterally and between anterior arms of cruciform elevation and in anterior, medial margin and posterior of wing groove, shorter, sparse piceous pile on anterior dorsal surface, expanding along midline and disc in some paratypes, on dorsal surface and medial posterior margin of cruciform elevation. Ventral thoracic segments tawny, green in some paratypes, except castaneous basisternum 2, trochantin 2, basisternum 3 and trochantin 3, with castaneous spots on episternum 2, epimeron 2 and episternum 3, covered with white pubescence.

Wings: Fore wings hyaline with eight apical cells, hind wings hyaline with six apical cells. Venation tawny mottled with green, green in paratypes, except piceous posterior margin of anal vein 2 + 3, piceous spot medial to basal cell. Basal cell clouded infuscated at base, on posterior along cubitus anterior and distally across arculus, expanded in some paratypes, and infuscation along proximal cubitus anterior and cubitus posterior + anal vein 1, and anal vein 2 + 3, and distal clavus. Pterostigma present. Infuscation on distal wing veins connecting to infuscation on ambient vein producing L-shaped marks, longitudinal infuscation near proximal portions of the Lshaped marks within apical cells 2–6, on proximal radius anterior 2 connecting across radial crossvein, on radiomedial crossvein, on median crossvein extending onto distal median vein 1 + 2, proximal median vein 4, on mediocubital crossvein, on proximal cubitus anterior 1, the entirety of cubitus anterior 2, spot at node that extends on distal median vein onto base of ulnar cell 2, on nodal line on junction of median vein and median vein 3 + 4 expanding into ulnar cell 3, median cell and base of apical cell 6. Basal membrane of fore wing white mottled with reddish-orange, castaneous proximoposteriorly. Venation of hind wing tawny mottled with green, green at base becoming tawny distally in paratypes. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 white mottled with reddish-orange, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 white mottled with reddish-orange. Infuscation at base of medial cell, cubital cells 1 and 2, distal anal cell 1, base and along anal veins 2 and 3 and distal margin of anal cell 2. Light infuscation along outer wing margin.

Legs: Legs green and tawny, green in some paratypes, with castaneous spots on lateral base of coxa, transverse castaneous fascia on distal anterior and lateral coxa, femora striped with light castaneous, darker and larger in some paratypes, and distal tibiae becoming light castaneous, tibiae with transverse castaneous mark near proximal end, around central and posterior tibiae in some paratypes. Fore femora proximal spine castaneous with green base, thin, elongate and adpressed against femur, castaneous secondary spine triangular, angled distally, small apical castaneous spine angled distally. Tarsi and tarsal claws tawny, claws with castaneous tips, tibial spurs and comb tawny with castaneous tip. Legs covered with short golden pile, longer on tibiae and tarsi.

Operculum: Male operculum with curved lateral margin joining to smoothly rounded posterior margin, almost reaching to anterior of sternite II, greenish-ochraceous with castaneous base, covered with white pubescence, thicker at base. Medial margin rounded, extending to middle of hind coxa. Meracanthus pointed, greenishochraceous with castaneous spot on base, reaching to about middle of operculum, with sparse white pubescence. Female operculum with curved lateral and posterior margins, terminating medially at middle of meracanthus, almost reaching to anterior of sternite II, greenish covered with white pubescence. Female meracanthus not as long as operculum, greenish with castaneous base and white pubescence. Opercula with long silvery pile radiating from edge.

Abdomen: Abdominal tergites greenish-tawny, green in paratypes, castaneous spots on lateral tergite 1, tergites covered with long silvery and long piceous pile, piceous pile medially on tergites, proportion expanding laterally in distal tergites, piceous pile dorsolaterally on tergites 2–8 shifting laterally in posterior tergites, and lateral tergites 3–4, piceous pile separated by silvery pile giving the appearance of a central piceous fascia that widens posteriorly, with two piceous fascia on either side of central fascia. Timbal cover recurved exposing timbal, ochraceous with castaneous mark on dorsolateral surface, short silvery pile radiating from timbal cover. Timbal with two long and one intercalary ribs, dark spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 green, large castaneous fasciae on dorsolateral surfaces that bifurcates at posterior terminus with the lateral branch terminating short of posterior margin encompassing the piceous stigma and anterior branch almost reaching castaneous mark surrounding piceous dorsal beak, green or tawny ventrolaterally, castaneous on anteroventral and ventroposterior margins, with long, golden pile along ventral and posterior margins, very dense short golden pile on ventral posterior margin, short piceous pile anterolaterally and dorsally, silvery pile dorsally. Posterior margin of female abdominal segment 9 sinuate. Sternites and epipleurites greenish-tawny, anterior sternite III castaneous and castaneous posterior margin in sternites III–VII in some paratypes, male sternites III–VII translucent, male sternite VII with castaneous spot on lateral margin, sternite VIII V-shaped radiating long silvery pile. Female sternite VII with sinuate posterior margin and medial notch, lateral notch extending beyond posterior margin, dark castaneous spot on ventrolateral surface. Long golden pile radiating from sternites. Spiracles white.

Genitalia: Male pygofer greenish-tawny with castaneous mark on lateral base, castaneous posteroventral and posterior margins extending to and including dorsal beak, covered with short silvery pile dorsally and piceous pile laterally, with rounded distal shoulder, dorsal beak roughly triangular with silvery pile dorsally. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes ochraceous, elongated with medial margin producing curved terminus, adpressed laterally to pygofer. Anal styles tawny, anal tube ochraceous. Median uncus lobe tawny, short, roughly triangular, surrounded by lateral uncus lobes. Lateral uncus lobes tawny, wrapping around sides of median uncus lobe bifurcating to meet along midline posterior to median uncus lobe where they recurve slightly and form a semicircular terminus and branching off at an approximate 60 ˚ angle when viewed laterally curling under terminus to form a support for the distal aedeagus, basal lateral uncus lobes angulate forming an enclosure around aedeagus base. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous.

Female gonapophysis VIII tawny, gonapophysis IX dark castaneous. Gonocoxite X castaneous extending just past dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Anal styles ochraceous.

Measurements (mm). N = 1 male or 5 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 23.1, female 21.94 (21.0– 22.7); length of fore wing: male 30.4, female 30.52 (29.5–31.4); width of fore wing: male 9.6, female 9.62 (9.4– 9.8); length of head: male 3.2, female 3.24 (3.1–3.4); width of head including eyes: male 6.5, female 6.58 (6.4– 6.9); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 8.3, female 8.86 (8.6–9.1); width of mesonotum: male 7.0, female 6.98 (6.8–7.1).

Diagnosis. Procollina tamaulipasensis n. sp. can be distinguished from P. biolleyi , P. obesa , P. ustulata n. sp. and P. webbi n. sp. by the bronzing of the fore wing in these species. Similarly, P. guatemalensis n. sp., P. mayaensis n. sp. and P. ulnamaculata n. sp. can be distinguished by the spots in the fore wing ulnar cells 2 and 3 not found in this new species. Procollina parva n. sp. can be distinguished by its head being as wide or wider than the mesonotum and P. minima n. sp. can be distinguished by its small body size and radiomedial crossvein being highly angled with respect to the radial crossvein. The distal fore wing medial veins lack a spot of infuscation between the proximal vein divergence and the distal L-shaped infuscation in P. hondurensis n. sp., P. medea , P. nicaraguaensis n. sp., P. nigrapilosa n. sp., and P. queretaroensis . The hind wing margin is not infuscated or any infuscation is restricted to the distal edge and the base of hind wing apical cell 4 is not infuscated in P. convexa n. sp. and P. mesomaculata n. sp. The infuscation on the fore wing cubitus anterior 2 connects across the medial cell to the infuscation on the divergence of the median vein and median vein 3 + 4 and the lateral uncus lobes form a semicircle to the apex when viewed from above in P. nuevoleonensis n. sp. but the infuscation on the fore wing cubitus anterior 2 is separated from the infuscation on the divergence of the median vein and median vein 3 + 4 and the lateral uncus lobes form a triangle to apex when viewed from above in P. tamaulipasensis n. sp.

Distribution. The species is known only from the type series collected in the state of Tamaulipas, Mexico.


University of Minnesota Insect Collection


Texas A&M University