Biscirus Thor

Hernandes, Fabio A., Skvarla, Michael J., Fisher, Ray, Dowling, Ashley P. G., Ochoa, Ronald, Ueckermann, Edward A. & Bauchan, Ga, 2016, Catalogue of snout mites (Acariformes: Bdellidae) of the world, Zootaxa 4152 (1), pp. 1-83: 23-26

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4152.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CAE179E4-4950-45CA-8FDA-585002EFB098

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03B787D7-FFE8-B42E-FF53-FCE0D4D0FB4C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Biscirus Thor
status

 

Biscirus Thor 

Biscirus Thor, 1913: 28  ; 1926: 135; 1931a: 45; Meyer & Ryke, 1959: 381; Atyeo, 1960a: 435; 1963a: 174; Soliman & Zaher, 1975: 77; Chaudhri et al., 1979: 135; Michocka, 1987: 84.

Type-species: Bdella silvatica Kramer, 1881  by original designation.

88. Biscirus amplexus Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 277  ; Western Cape, Kleinmond, South Africa, ex soil debris under Didelta spinosa Aiton  ( Asteraceae  ). Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. NCA.

89. Biscirus anomalicornis ( Berlese, 1916)  : 130; La Plata, Argentina. Original designation: Bdella anomalicornis Berlese. Other  name: Biscirus (Biscirus) anomalicornis, Thor, 1931a: 52  . Type deposition. CRA.

90. Biscirus aquilonius Wallace & Mahon, 1972: 558  ; Kununurra , Western Australia, ex grass. Remarks. Reported as Biscirus silvaticus (Kramer)  by Atyeo (1963a: 175). Type deposition. ANIC. 

91. Biscirus arenarius Wallace & Mahon, 1972: 556  ; Perth, Western Australia.

a. Biscirus silvaticus (Kramer)  (part.); Womersley, 1933a: 106 (not Kramer, 1881); synonymy according to Wallace & Mahon (1972: 556).

b. Biscirus silvaticus (Kramer)  (part.); Atyeo, 1963a: 175 (not Kramer, 1881); synonymy according to Wallace & Mahon (1972: 556).

Distribution. Australia ( Wallace & Mahon 1972), Pakistan ( Chaudhri et al. 1979), Iran ( Jalaeian & Nourbakhsh 2005).

Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. Holotype at SAM  , paratypes at ANIC.

92. Biscirus illinoisensis ( Ewing, 1909b)  : 65 comb. nov.; “under lumber from and old barn”, Urbana, Illinois, USA. Original designation: Bdella illinoisensis Ewing. 

Remarks. Examination of types has shown that this species has only two ventral setae on the hypostome and palptarsus elongate (not truncate distally), therefore it is herein transferred to the subfamily Spinibdellinae, genus Biscirus  .

Type deposition. USNM.

93. Biscirus insularis Willmann, 1939a: 14  ; Levada do Inferno , Madeira Island. Type deposition. ZSM. 

94. Biscirus iranensis Paktinat-Saeej & Bagheri, 2015a: 520  ; Sari, Mazandaran, Iran.

Type deposition. Holotype at the Acarological Collection , Department of Plant Protection , Faculty of Agriculture , University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran  ; one paratype male at ASI.

95. Biscirus kleinmondiensis Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 273  ; Western Cape, Kleinmond, South Africa, ex soil. 

Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. NCA.

96. Biscirus kobachidzei ( Gomelauri, 1963a)  : 167; Tbilisi, Georgia, under stones. Original designation: Neobiscirus kobachidzei Gomelauri  ; Biscirus kobachidzei  ; Paktinat-Saeej et al. 2015a: 520. Type deposition. Unknown.

97. Biscirus lootsi Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 270  ; Natal, South Africa, ex grass. Remarks. Female unknown.

Type deposition. NCA.

98. Biscirus magdalenae Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 279  ; Northwest Province , South Africa, ex soil. 

Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. NCA.

99. Biscirus macfarlanei Meyer & Ryke, 1959: 381  ; Munster, Natal, South Africa, ex unidentified wild herb. Type deposition. North-West University , Potchefstroom campus, South Africa  .

100. Biscirus melanostoma ( Berlese, 1923)  : 241; Eastern Africa.— Thor, 1931a: 53. Original designation: Bdella melanostoma Berlese. 

Type deposition. CRA.

101. Biscirus nevadicus Mihelčič, 1958b: 40  ; Sierra Nevada, Spain. Type deposition. Unknown. 

102. Biscirus nixis Chaudhri & Akbar, 1985: 115  ; Faisalabad, Pakistan, ex jute ( Corchorus capsularis Linnaeus  , Malvaceae  ).

Type deposition. UAF.

103. Biscirus norvegicus ( Thor, 1905)  : 203; Gudbrandsdalen, Norway.— Thor, 1928: 216. Original designation: Scirus norvegicus Thor. Other  names: Bdella norvegica, Hull, 1918: 40  ; Biscirus (Biscirus) norvegicus, Thor, 1931a: 47  ; Biscirus (Biscirus) norvegicus var. sardica Thor, 1931a: 48  .

Distribution. Norway ( Thor 1905), England ( Hull 1918), Austria ( Willmann 1951), Switzerland ( Schweizer & Bader 1963).

Type deposition. Lost.

104. Biscirus obliquus Wallace & Mahon, 1972: 561  ; Mundiwindi, Western Australia, ex grass. Distribution. Australia, Korea ( Lee et al. 1997).

Remarks. The epithet was originally spelled as ubliquus, when it probably meant obliquus  , referring to the oblique striae on the prodorsum; in the same and in subsequent pages the authors mention obliquus  ; male unknown.

Type deposition. ANIC.

105. Biscirus opimus ( Berlese, 1923)  : 239; La Plata, Argentina, Montevideo, Uruguay.— Thor, 1931a: 53. Original designation: Molgus (Hoplomolgus) opimus Berlese. 

Type deposition. CRA.

106. Biscirus peragilis ( Berlese, 1923)  : 238; Eastern Africa.— Thor, 1931a: 53. Original designation: Molgus (Hoplomolgus) peragilis Berlese. 

Type deposition. CRA.

107. Biscirus psammina Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 270  ; Cape Town, South Africa, ex eroded sand debris.

Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. NCA.

108. Biscirus pseudothori Shiba & Morikawa, 1966: 128  ; Marunuma, Okunikko, Japan.

Type deposition. Biological Laboratory of Matsuyama Shinonome Junior College, Matsuyama, Japan. 

109. Biscirus quinqueoculatus Willmann, 1956: 242  ; Germany. Distribution. Poland ( Michocka 1987: 89). Redescription. Michocka (1987).

Type deposition. ZSM.

110. Biscirus sardicus ( Vitzthum, 1920)  : 2; ex nest of Camponotus maculatus (Fabricius)  (Insecta, Formicidae  ), Sardinia, Italia. Original designation: Scirus sardicus Vitzthum. Other  name: Biscirus (Biscirus) var. sardica  ; Thor, 1931a: 48.

Type deposition. Unknown.

111. Biscirus silvaticus ( Kramer, 1881)  : 445; Thuringia, Germany.— Schweizer, 1922: 79; Willmann, 1939: 431; 1956: 242. Original designation: Bdella silvatica Kramer  ; Hull, 1918: 39. Other names: Scirus silvaticus  ; Thor, 1904b: 76; Bdella sylvatica, Moniez, 1890a: 30  ; Biscirus (Biscirus) silvaticus, Thor, 1931a: 46  ; Biscirus silvaticus convexus Willmann, 1941: 41  .

Distribution. Germany ( Voigts & Oudemans 1906), England ( Hull 1918), Switzerland ( Schweizer 1922; Schweizer & Bader 1963), Indonesia ( Vitzthum 1931), Southern Dalmatia ( Willmann 1941), Austria ( Willmann 1951), Spain ( Mihelčič 1958b), Mexico (Oaxaca, Durango, Nuevo León), Haiti, United States (California, Mississippi, Kansas, Colorado, Maryland, Tennessee), Iceland, Germany ( Atyeo 1960a) ( Willman 1956), United States (Maryland) ( Drummond 1957), Iceland ( Atyeo & Tuxen 1962), Australia ( Womersley 1933a; Atyeo 1963a), Japan ( Shiba & Morikawa 1966), Syria ( Soliman & Zaher 1975), Bohemia (Lelláková- Duškova 1978), Ukraine ( Kuznetsov & Livshits 1979a), Poland ( Michocka 1987) Korea ( Lee et al. 1997), China ( Xin et al. 1998), Iran ( Ostovan & Kamali 1995; Kamali et al. 2001), Slovakia ( Kaluz 2008). Redescriptions. Vitzthum (1931), Atyeo (1960a, 1963a), Shiba & Morikawa (1966), Lelláková-Duškova (1978), Michocka (1987).

Type deposition. Unknown.

112. Biscirus simplexus Soliman & Zaher, 1975: 77  ; Tabiat, Lattakia  , Syria, ex moss. Distribution. Iran ( Kamali et al. 2001).

Remarks. Male unknown.

Type deposition. CUE.

113. Biscirus skuinsbaaiensis Omukunda, Theron & Ueckermann, 2007: 275  ; Western Cape, Skuinsbaai, South Africa. 

Type deposition. NCA.

114. Biscirus splendida ( Stoll, 1893)  : 15; Guatemala. Original designation: Bdella splendida Stoll. Other  name: Biscirus (Biscirus) splendidus, Thor, 1931a: 51  .

Distribution. Bolivia ( Berlese & Leonardi 1902).

Type deposition. Unknown.

115. Biscirus symmetrica ( Kramer, 1898)  : 14; Tierra del Fuego, Navarin Island, Puerto Toro ( Chile), in forests. Original designation: Bdella symmetrica Kramer. Other  names: Biscirus symetricus  [sic], Mihelčič, 1958b: 40; Biscirus (Biscirus) symmetricus, Thor, 1931a: 50  .

Distribution. Chile ( Kramer 1898), Australia ( Womersley 1933a), Spain ( Mihelčič 1958b). Type deposition. Unknown.

116. Biscirus thori Womersley, 1933a: 106  ; Western Australia.— Atyeo, 1963a: 175. Distribution. Australia, Korea ( Lee et al. 1997).

Redescriptions. Atyeo (1963a), Wallace & Mahon (1972). Type deposition. SAM.

117. Biscirus uncinatus ( Kramer, 1898)  : 12; Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Original designation: Bdella uncinata Kramer. Others  name: Biscirus (Biscirus) uncinatus, Thor, 1931a: 50  ; Biscirus (Biscirus) uncinnatus (Kramer)  , Womersley, 1933a: 106.

Distribution. Chile (Tierra del Fuego, Navarin Island, Puerto Toro), United States (California, Florida) ( Thor 1931a), Australia ( Womersley 1933a).

Type deposition. Unknown.

118. Biscirus variegatus ( Gervais, 1849)  : 32; unknown locality, Chile; Original designation: Bdella variegata Gervais  ; Biscirus variegata  ; Oudemans, 1937: 1226.

Type deposition. Unknown.

119. Biscirus vulgaris Kuznetsov & Barilo, 1984: 936  ; Zeravshan mountain ridge, Uzbekistan, under stone. Type deposition. NBG. 

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

NBG

South African National Biodiversity Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Prostigmata

Family

Bdellidae

Loc

Biscirus Thor

Hernandes, Fabio A., Skvarla, Michael J., Fisher, Ray, Dowling, Ashley P. G., Ochoa, Ronald, Ueckermann, Edward A. & Bauchan, Ga 2016
2016
Loc

Biscirus

Michocka 1987: 84
Chaudhri 1979: 135
Soliman 1975: 77
Atyeo 1960: 435
Meyer 1959: 381
Thor 1913: 28
1959