Micrablepharus maximiliani (Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862)

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2017, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae, Zootaxa 4269 (2), pp. 151-196: 175-176

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Micrablepharus maximiliani (Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862)


Micrablepharus maximiliani (Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862) 

Type-locality. Maruim, Sergipe, Brazil. 

Pertinent taxonomic references. Reinhardt & Lütken (1862), Boulenger (1885), Boettger (1885a, b), Laurent (1949), Cunha (1961), Ávila-Pires (1995), Rodrigues (1996), Yonenaga-Yassuda & Rodrigues (1999), Pellegrino et al. (2001), Castoe et al. (2004), Myers et al. (2011), Goicoechea et al. (2016).

Distribution and habitat. Micrablepharus maximiliani  is widespread in the open vegetation corridor of central South America, occurring from the Caatinga, in northeastern Brazil, throughout the Cerrado, to the Pantanal, in Brazil ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14). Dirksen & De la Riva (1999) also reported it from Bolivia, and Boettger (1885a, b) and Smith et al. (2011) from Paraguay. In Brazil, it is known from the states of Pará, Tocantins, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe, Alagoas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, and in the Distrito Federal. In Amazonia  it occurs in enclaves of open vegetation in southwestern Pará and northwestern Rondônia states, in Brazil ( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14). Micrablepharus maximiliani  is terrestrial and diurnal, inhabits caatinga, cerrado grasslands, cerrado sensu strictu, gallery forests, humid and dry chaco vegetation, salt marshes, dunes, and open forests (Freire 1996; Gainsbury & Colli 2003; Nogueira et al. 2009; Valdujo et al. 2009; Moura et al. 2010; Souza et al. 2010; Recoder et al. 2011), where it is mainly found on sandy open soil and among leaf litter, but also inside termite nests, amid scattered grasses or herbaceous beach vegetation, and on rock outcrops (Freire 1996; Rodrigues 1996, 2003; Mesquita et al. 2006b; Silva et al. 2006; Couto-Ferreira et al. 2011).