Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Grant, 1958

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2017, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae, Zootaxa 4269 (2), pp. 151-196: 168

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Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Grant, 1958


Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Grant, 1958 

Type-locality. Barbados, B.W.I.

Pertinent taxonomic references. Grant (1958), Hoogmoed (1973), Vanzolini (1976), Cunha (1981), Cole et al. (1989, 1990, 1993), Martins (1991a), Schwartz & Henderson (1991), Vanzolini & Carvalho (1991), Hoogmoed et al. (1992), Ávila-Pires (1995), Yonenaga-Yassuda et al. (1995), Carvalho (1997), Kizirian & Cole (1999), Benozzati & Rodrigues (2003), Goicoechea et al. (2016).

Distribution and habitat. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi  occurs in northern South America and Lesser Antilles, in Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Dominica, Guadeloupe, and Saint Vincent and Grenadines ( Fig. 10View FIGURE 10). In Brazilian Amazonia  it is known from the states of Amazonas and Roraima, along the Negro River and the Branco river system. Gymnophthalmus underwoodi  is parthenogenetic (only females known), terrestrial, and diurnal, inhabits primary open forests, transition areas of lowland forest and open vegetation, river beaches, and perianthropic situations, where it is mainly found in sunny places among leaf litter, but also in grass and sandy open soil (Hoogmoed 1973; Ávila-Pires 1995; Yonenaga- Yassuda et al. 1995; Vitt & Zani 1998; Caldwell & Vitt 1999; Fields & Horrocks 2011).