Loxopholis guianense (Ruibal, 1952)

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2017, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae, Zootaxa 4269 (2), pp. 151-196: 171

publication ID


publication LSID


persistent identifier


treatment provided by


scientific name

Loxopholis guianense (Ruibal, 1952)


Loxopholis guianense (Ruibal, 1952) 

Type-locality. Dunoon, Demerara River, British Guiana.

Pertinent taxonomic references. Ruibal (1952), Uzzell & Barry (1971), Hoogmoed (1973), Ávila-Pires (1995), Pellegrino et al. (1999, 2011), Rodrigues & Ávila-Pires (2005), Rodrigues et al. (2013), Goicoechea et al. (2016).

Distribution and habitat. Loxopholis guianense  is endemic to eastern Amazonia  , with its western distribution delimited by the Essequibo and Trombetas rivers north of the Amazon River, and Xingu River south of it, occurring in Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, and Guyana ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13). In Brazil, it is known from the states of Amapá, Pará, and Amazonas. Loxopholis guianense  is terrestrial and diurnal, inhabits primary terra firme and flooded (varzea) forests, where it is found among the leaf litter, in shaded spots, mostly near creeks (Hoogmoed 1973; Gasc 1986; Hoogmoed & Ávila-Pires 1991; Ribeiro-Júnior et al. 2006; Ávila-Pires et al. 2010).