Cobitis saniae Eagderi, Jouladeh-Roudbar, Jalili, Sayyadzadeh & Esmaeili, 2017

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias, 2018, Review of the genus Cobitis in the Middle East, with the description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cobitidae), Zootaxa 4535 (1), pp. 1-75: 28-29

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4535.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:ABE9DB1F-7378-4571-90C4-A3FDB66527F3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB0D18-1F23-FFED-718B-F9C8FE4BFCAB

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cobitis saniae Eagderi, Jouladeh-Roudbar, Jalili, Sayyadzadeh & Esmaeili, 2017
status

 

Cobitis saniae Eagderi, Jouladeh-Roudbar, Jalili, Sayyadzadeh & Esmaeili, 2017 

( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21)

Cobitis saniae Eagderi, Jouladeh-Roudbar, Jalili, Sayyadzadeh & Esmaeili, 2017: 51  , figs. 4–5 (type locality: Iran: Guilan prov.: Bara Goor River, a tributary of Sefid River, near Emamzadeh Hashem, Caspian Sea Basin, 37.003 49.630).

Material examined. FSJF 3215, 47, 31–71 mm SL; Iran: Guilan prov.: Lower Sefid River below dam at Shar Bijar , 37.020 49.631  .— FSJF 3612, 7, 31–77 mm SL; Georgia: Tskhenitskale River upstream from Samtredia, 42.169 42.431.— FFR05500View Materials, 1, 45 mm SL; Turkey: Kars prov.: stream Selim , 40.466 42.777.— FFR05500View Materials, 2, 47– 49 mm SL; Turkey: Kars prov.: stream Kars at Çamçavuş bridge, 40.723 43.170  .

Material used in molecular genetic analysis. FSJF DNA-1978  , Iran: Guilan prov.: Lower Sefid River below dam at Shar Bijar , 37.020, 49.631. (Accession number: KP 050528View Materials)  .— FSJF DNA-2713  ; Iran: Cheshmeh Kileh River about 3 km southwest of Qaleh Gardan , 36.740 50.843. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF 2714-18)  .— FSJF DNA-2720  ; Iran: Anzali wetland west of Bandar Anzali , 37.467 49.353. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF2720- 18)  .— FSJF DNA-2922  ; Armenia: Aghstev River between Sevkar and Ditavan, 40.987 45.189. ( BOLD accession number: MH 795369View Materials)  .

Diagnosis. Cobitis saniae  is distinguished from all other Cobitis  species in the Caspian and Black Sea basin by having the base of the single lamina circularis widely connected to the pectoral-fin ray (vs. narrow connection). It is further distinguished from C. amphilekta  by having a small focal zone in the sub-dorsal scales (about 1/10 or less of the maximum scale diameter vs. focal zone large, about 1/2 of the maximum scale diameter). Cobitis saniae  is further distinguished from C. faridpaki  by the zone between the eye and the opercle being strongly pigmented (vs. poorly pigmented or unpigmented) and it is further distinguished from C. avicennae  from the Tigris River drainage by having a narrow, dorsal and ventral adipose crest on the caudal peduncle (vs. absent).

Distribution. Cobitis saniae  occurs from the Sefid River in Iran north-west to the Kura and Aras River drainages in Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey. We also found it in the middle Rioni River in the Georgian Black Sea basin (FSJF 3612).

Remarks. Molecular data ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1) as well as those shown by Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. (2017) and Perdices et al. (2018), place C. saniae  in the C. taenia  species group close to C. avicennae  and C. faridpaki  . Based on DNA barcoding it is well separated from all other included Cobitis  and by a minimum K2P distance of 2.7% to C. faridpaki  . It is further supported as a PTP and mPTP entity.

In the north of its range, C. saniae  and C. amphilekta  might occur in sympatry as both occur in the lower Kura and adjacent coastal wetland.

MH

Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Cypriniformes

Family

Cobitidae

Genus

Cobitis

Loc

Cobitis saniae Eagderi, Jouladeh-Roudbar, Jalili, Sayyadzadeh & Esmaeili, 2017

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias 2018
2018
Loc

Cobitis saniae

Jouladeh-Roudbar, A. & Eagderi, S. & Sayyadzadeh, G. & Esmaeili, H. R. 2017: 51