Cobitis faridpaki Mousavi-Sabet

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias, 2018, Review of the genus Cobitis in the Middle East, with the description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cobitidae), Zootaxa 4535 (1), pp. 1-75: 22

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4535.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:ABE9DB1F-7378-4571-90C4-A3FDB66527F3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB0D18-1F2D-FFE4-718B-FEDBFC15F985

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cobitis faridpaki Mousavi-Sabet
status

 

Cobitis faridpaki Mousavi-Sabet  , Vasil’eva, Vatandoust & Vasil’ev, 2011

( Fig. 14View FIGURE 14)

Cobitis faridpaki Mousavi-Sabet  , Vasil’eva, Vatandoust & Vasil’ev, 2011: 928, figs. 3–4 (type locality: Iran: Mazandaran region: Siah River, 36°26'85.05" N 52°56' 70.08"E).

Cobitis keyvani Mousavi-Sabet, Yerli, Vatandoust, Özeren & Moradkhani, 2012: 8  , figs. 3–4 (type locality: Iran: Mazandaran Province: stream Keselian, Talar River drainage, southeast of Caspian Sea basin, 36°11'74.09" N 53°00' 92.01"E).

Material examined. FSJF 2195, 20, 43–76 mm SL; Iran: Mazandaran prov.: Tajan River below Shahid dam about 30 km south of Sari , 36.280 53.203  .

Material used in molecular genetic analysis. FSJF DNA-150  ; Iran: Mazandaran prov.: River Tajan below Shahid dam about 30 km south of Sari , 36.281 53.238. (GenBank accession number: KP 050508View Materials)  .— FSJF DNA 2714  ; Iran: estuary of a small stream in Amirabad , 36.609 52.164 ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF 2715-18)  .— FSJF DNA 2715  ; Iran: estuary of stream Kheshtsar east of Amirabad , 36.618 52.198. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF 2716-18)  .— FSJF DNA 2716  ; Iran: upper reaches of stream Kheshtsar east of Amirabad , 36.595 52.205. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF 2717-18)  .— FSJF DNA 2717  ; Iran: small stream flowing from west to Alborz reservoir, 36.207 52.764. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF2718-18)  .— FSJF DNA 2719  ; Iran: small stream south of Kalaleh , 37.357 55.498. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF2719-18)  .

Diagnosis. Cobitis faridpaki  is distinguished from C. amphilekta  from the southern Caspian Sea basin by having a small focal zone in the sub-dorsal scales (about 1/10 or less of the maximum scale diameter vs. focal zone large, about 1/2 of the maximum scale diameter). It is distinguished from C. avicennae  from the Tigris River drainage in Iran by having 15–30 dark-brown blotches in Z4 (vs. 12–17) and 3–4 rows of dark-brown spots on the dorsal and caudal fins (vs. 5–6) in individuals larger than 65 mm SL.

Distribution. Cobitis faridpaki  is widespread in the eastern Caspian Sea basin, where it has been found from the Babol east to Gorgan River drainages. It has also been recorded in the Karaj River, a tributary of the endorheic Lake Namak.

Remarks. Molecular data ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1, Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2015 and Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017) place C. faridpaki  close to C. avicennae  and C. saniae  in the C. taenia  species group. Based on DNA barcoding it is well separated from all other included Cobitis  and by a minimum K2P distance of 2.7% to C. saniae  , also supported as PTP and mPTP entity.

See below for details to distinguish C. faridpaki  from C. saniae  . The differences in colour pattern between C. faridpaki  and C. avicennae  described by Mousavi-Sabet et al. (2015) did not allow distinguishing both species, because C. faridpaki  has been found to be much more variable in colour pattern than previously known. Cobitis keyvani  is a synonym of C. faridpaki ( Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2017)  . The findings of C. faridpaki in Lake Namak  basin by Eagderi et al. (2017b) expand the distribution area of this species to the west, but we do not exclude that this population might have been introduced from the Caspian Sea basin.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Cypriniformes

Family

Cobitidae

Genus

Cobitis

Loc

Cobitis faridpaki Mousavi-Sabet

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias 2018

2018
Loc

Cobitis keyvani Mousavi-Sabet, Yerli, Vatandoust, Özeren & Moradkhani, 2012 : 8

Mousavi-Sabet, H. & Yerli, S. V. & Vatandoust, S. & Ozeren, S. C. & Moradkhani, Z. 2012: 8