Cobitis avicennae Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015,

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias, 2018, Review of the genus Cobitis in the Middle East, with the description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cobitidae), Zootaxa 4535 (1), pp. 1-75: 10

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4535.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:ABE9DB1F-7378-4571-90C4-A3FDB66527F3

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3511353

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BB0D18-1F31-FFFB-718B-FB1EFC3EFED3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cobitis avicennae Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015
status

 

Cobitis avicennae Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015 

( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4)

Cobitis avicennae Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015: 562 View Cited Treatment   , figs. 3–4 (type locality: Iran: Hamedan prov.: Gamasiab River at Dehno, a tributary to Karkhek, 34.170 48.355).

Material examined. FSJF 3225, 18, 26–37 mm SL; Iran: Hamedan prov.: Gamasiab River at Solgi Sharak, a tributary to Karkheh , 34.281 48.157  .— FSJF 3231, 10, 31–56 mm SL; Iran: Kermanshah prov.: Sepidbarg River about 3 km west of Javanrud , 34.805 46.458  .

Material used in molecular genetic analysis. FSJF DNA-1994; Iran: Kermanshah prov.: Sepidbarg River about 3 km west of Javanrud , 34.805 46.458. (GenBank accession numbers: KP 050516, KP 050525)  .— FSJF DNA 2712; Iran: Kermanshah prov.: s tream about 1 km south-east of Dinawar, 34.573 47.456. ( BOLD accession number: EUFWF 2713-18)  .

Diagnosis. Cobitis avicennae  is distinguished from other Cobitis  species in the Persian Gulf basin by having one lamina circularis in the male (vs. two in C. elazigensis  and C. linea  ) and distinct, large, dark-brown, usually horizontally elongated blotches in Z4 along the anterior part of the flank, roundish or vertically elongated on the caudal peduncle (vs. indistinct minute dark-grey roundish dots in Z 4 in C. kellei  ).

Distribution. Cobitis avicennae  is found in tributaries of the Karkheh and Karun Rivers, which are lower tributaries of the Tigris in Iran. Cobitis  from the Little Zab River in Iraqi Kurdistan (Coad 2010) might also belong to this species.

Remarks. Molecular data presented by Perdices et al. (2018) and Mousavi-Sabet et al. (2015) and shown in Figure 1View FIGURE 1, place C. avicennae  close to C. faridpaki  and C. saniae  from the southern Caspian Sea basin and it might be speculated that its ancestors entered the Persian Gulf basin from the Caspian Sea basin by river captures. See below for details to distinguish C avicennae  from C. faridpaki  and C. saniae  . Our own molecular data as well as Perdices et al. (2018) place C. avicennae  in the C. taenia  species group ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Based on DNA barcoding C. avicennae  is well separated from all other Cobitis  included in this study and by a minimum K2P distance of 5.7% to C. faridpaki  . It is also supported as an own PTP and mPTP entity.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Cypriniformes

Family

Cobitidae

Genus

Cobitis

Loc

Cobitis avicennae Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015

Freyhof, Jörg, Bayçelebi, Esra & Geiger, Matthias 2018
2018