Carabus violaceus Linnaeus, 1758

Hristovski, Slavčo & Guéorguiev, Borislav, 2015, Annotated catalogue of the carabid beetles of the Republic of Macedonia (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Zootaxa 4002 (1), pp. 1-190: 33-34

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4002.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3368E62D-4B3A-462C-A876-E89AFFF1B351

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BD87B8-FF9C-FF86-FF53-FF4BCAD31EC9

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Carabus violaceus Linnaeus, 1758
status

 

Carabus violaceus Linnaeus, 1758 

Notes. For the present, the distribution of the subspecies of Carabus violaceus  in Macedonia is unclear and requires further research.

Carabus violaceus azurescens Dejean, 1826  [= rilvensis Kolbe, 1887; skombrosensis Eidam, 1927; purkynei Štěrba, 1945  ]

References. Carabus violaceus  n. Purkyněi  : Šterba 1945: 152 (Belasica). Carabus violaceus  n. rilvensis: Šterba 1945: 152 (Kožuf). Carabus violaceus azurescens  n. rilvensis: Breuning 1978: 254. Carabus violaceus rilvensis: Mandl 1985: 115 (Kožuf, Belasica)  ; Pavičević & Mesaroš 1997 (South-East Macedonia); Bousquet et al. 2003: 166; Turin et al. 2003: 57; Brajković et al. 2004: 3 (Belasica, Plachkovica, Kochani); Ćurčić et al. 2007: 115. Carabus violaceus  ( azurescens  ) skombrosensis: Drovenik & Peks 1994: 14 (Osogovski Planini); Drovenik & Peks 1999: 17 (Osogovski Planini). Megodontus violaceus rilvensis: Rautenstrauch et al. 1994: 48  . Carabus violaceus azurescens: Guéorguiev 1998: 38  / 39 (Osogovo: Ruen); Guéorguiev & Muilwijk 2001: 113 (Šar Planina); Guéorguiev 2007 a: 306 (west & east Macedonia).

Material studied. “Prilep: Treskavec, 0 5.07. 1968, J. Čingovski”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Osogovo: Ponikva, 22.05. 1981, N. Topukova”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Berovo, 0 5.06. 1981, J. Čingovski”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Belasica, 0 9.07. 1986, N. Topukova”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH).

Distribution. 0 2, 21, 48, 57, 83, 86, 92.

Notes. The form purkynei Štěrba, 1945  is treated as belonging to this subspecies (cf. Štěrba, 1945: 154).

Carabus violaceus dryas Gistl, 1857  [= shardaghensis Apfelbeck, 1918; bartoni Mařan, 1930; korabensis Csiki, 1944; marani Štěrba, 1945; peristericus Mandl, 1961  ]

References. Carabus violaceus rilvensis: Apfelbeck 1907 a: 35 (Ljuboten)  ; Apfelbeck 1907 b: 502 (Ljuboten); Doflein 1921: 229; Roubal 1932 d: 145 (Pelister); Doflajn 2010: 209. Carabus violaceus shardaghensis: Apfelbeck 1918 c: 220  (Šar Planina and Golešnica loc. typ.); Apfelbeck, 1918: 76 (Šar Planina and Golešnica); Hristovski et al. 2002: 122 (Šar Planina: Ljuboten, Čaušica, Tri Vodi, Šarski Vodi, Lera); Hristovski et al. 2003: 54 (Bistra); Krpach et al. 2013: 36 (Mavrovo National Park). Carabus violaceus azurescens  m. shardaghensis: Mařan 1939 a: 141 (Golešnica, Pelister, Šar Planina and Kobilica, Korab, Jablanica); Breuning 1978: 254. Carabus violaceus azurescens  n. bartoni: Mařan 1939 a: 141 (Golešnica). Carabus violaceus  var. shardaghensis: Csiki, 1944: 50 (Šar Planina)  . Carabus violaceus korabensis: Csiki, 1944: 50  (Korab loc. typ.); Pavičević & Mesaroš (1997); Deuve 2004: 370 (Korab); Hristovski et al. 2010: 56 (Jablanica). Carabus violaceus mařani: Šterba 1945: 152  (Jablanica loc. typ., Pelister); Heinz 1978: 76 (Pelister); Heinz 1980: 15 / 16; Mandl 1985: 111 (Jablanica, Jakupica,: Solunska Glava, Golešnica, Galichica, Pelister, Šar Planina: Rudoka, Popova Šapka); Turin et al. 2003: 57 (Jablanica, Pelister). Carabus violaceus  picenus peristericus  : Mandl, 1961: 14 / 16 (Pelister loc. typ.). Carabus violaceus  picenus peristericus  : Mandl 1964: 32 (Pelister: Golemo Ezero). Megodontus picenus peristericus: Cleu 1968: 27  (Pelister, Bistra: Jama); Cleu 1969: 174 (Šar Planina, Pelister). Megodontus violaceus shardaghensis: Cleu 1968: 27  (Šar Planina, Bistra: Jama, Golešnica); Cleu 1969: 167 (Šar Planina, Korab, Bistra); Rautenstrauch et al. 1994: taf. 83 (Jakupica); Ćurčić et al. 2007: 116. Carabus violaceus  ( picenus  ) peristericus: Heinz, 1978: 76  . Carabus violaceus azurescens: Hieke 1981: 75  (Šar Planina: Popova Šapka, Golešnica); Guéorguiev 1998: 38–39 (Šar Planina: Jelak, Studena River, Lešnica, Titov Vrv); Lazarevska & Mitkova 2000: 109 (Skopje: Belimbegovo); Guéorguiev & Muilwijk 2001: 113 (Šar Planina). Carabus violaceus  ( azurescens  ) shardaghensis: Drovenik & Peks 1994: 17 (Šar planina); Drovenik & Peks 1999: 17 (Šar Planina: Ljuboten, Popova Šapka, Rudoka); Pavičević & Mesaroš 1997; Brajković et al. 2004: 3 (Kitka); Deuve 2004: 370 (Jakupica, Šar Planina). Carabus violaceus  (bartoni) marani: Drovenik & Peks 1994: 14; Drovenik & Peks 1999: 17 (Jablanica, Golešnica, Jakupica: Solunska Glava, Galičica, Pelister, Šar Planina: Popova Šapka). Carabus violaceus: Hristovski et al. 1996: 52  (Šar Planina: Jelak, Ceripašina). Carabus  ( picenus  ?) violaceus korabensis: Guéorguiev 1998: 39  (Šar Planina: Studena River). Carabus picenus korabensis: Hristovski et al. 2003: 54 (Bistra)  . Carabus violaceus bartoni: Turin et al. 2003: 57 (Belasica)  ; Deuve 2004: 370 (Jablanica and Pelister). Carabus violaceus dryas: Turin et al. 2003: 57 (Šar Planina, Korab, Golešnica, Pelister)  ; Bousquet et al. 2003: 165; Guéorguiev 2007 a: 306 (west Macedonia); Mitev et al. 2010: 44 (Kožuf, Kozjak, Nidže). Carabus violaceus purpurascens: Krpach et al. 2013: 36  (Mavrovo National Park).

Material studied. “Jakupica: Begovo Pole, 12.09. 1984, N. Topukova”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Šar Planina, 28.05. 1985, B. Mihajlova”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Kitka, 28.06. 1987, B. Mihajlova”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Mavrovo, 0 9.07. 1991, T. Ivanovski”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Šar Planina: Popova Šapka, 14.08. 1994, E. Stojkoska”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Pelister: Caparska Reka, 13.06. 2002, V. Krpač”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Pelister: Golemo Ezero, 2218m, 15.06. 2002, V. Krpač”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH); “Jasen: Kopanje, 1350m, 0 7.07. 2008, V. Krpač”, 1 s. ( MMNHAbout MMNH).

Distribution. 0 2, 0 3, 0 9, 19+ 19 b, 32, 37, 19, 40, 48, 57.

Notes: Karaman (1956: 75) cited Carabus violaceus  for Macedonia, without exact locality.

MMNH

Bell Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Genus

Carabus

Loc

Carabus violaceus Linnaeus, 1758

Hristovski, Slavčo & Guéorguiev, Borislav 2015
2015
Loc

Carabus violaceus purpurascens:

Krpach et al. 2013: 36
2013
Loc

Carabus violaceus azurescens: Guéorguiev 1998 : 38

Gueorguiev 1998: 38
1998
Loc

violaceus korabensis: Guéorguiev 1998 : 39

Gueorguiev 1998: 39
1998
Loc

Carabus violaceus:

Hristovski et al. 1996: 52
1996
Loc

Megodontus violaceus rilvensis:

Rautenstrauch et al. 1994: 48
1994
Loc

Carabus violaceus azurescens:

Hieke 1981: 75
1981
Loc

peristericus:

Heinz 1978: 76
1978
Loc

Megodontus picenus peristericus:

Cleu 1968: 27
1968
Loc

Megodontus violaceus shardaghensis:

Cleu 1968: 27
1968
Loc

picenus peristericus

Mandl 1964: 32
1964
Loc

peristericus

Mandl 1961
1961
Loc

picenus peristericus

Mandl 1961: 14
1961
Loc

purkynei Štěrba, 1945

Sterba 1945
1945
Loc

Carabus violaceus mařani: Šterba 1945 : 152

Sterba 1945: 152
1945
Loc

Carabus violaceus korabensis:

Csiki 1944: 50
1944
Loc

Carabus violaceus shardaghensis:

Apfelbeck 1918: 220
1918
Loc

Carabus violaceus dryas

Gistl 1857
1857
Loc

Carabus violaceus azurescens

Dejean 1826
1826