Terebellides

Parapar, Julio, Martin, Daniel & Moreira, Juan, 2020, On the diversity of Terebellides (Annelida, Trichobranchidae) in West Africa, seven new species and the redescription of T. africana Augener, 1918 stat. prom., Zootaxa 4771 (1), pp. 1-61: 46-53

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4771.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A46FAF72-6F95-4DA3-A41D-FE770D6EDF1F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3816133

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BF4239-FFD8-FFFD-EAF8-C2B99A24FC70

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Terebellides
status

 

Terebellides  sp. 1

Figures 11DView FIGURE 11, 35View FIGURE 35 A–B, 37; Tables 1, 2

Material examined. One specimen (NHMD-231440, Table 1).

Description

Measurements and general body features. Complete and well preserved specimen, 29 mm long and 2.5 mm wide ( Fig. 35View FIGURE 35 A−B); body tapering posteriorly with segments increasingly shorter and crowded towards pygidium. Prostomium compact; very large tentacular membrane surrounding mouth, with typical buccal tentacles with expanded tips. SGI as an expanded structure below tentacular membrane. Lateral lappets on SGIII–VII (TC1–5).

Table 1. Locality and collecting data, museum registration numbers and reference to figures, of all Terebellides  specimens described in this work. Country names and coordinates are copied from original museum labels.

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Table 1. (continued)

Table 1. (continued) NHMD- “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 1 “ paratypes 636926 MNCN 26A–D, Congo 11_2 this work N’Kossa 2003 5°22.708S 11°27.627E 545 1 – non-type; SEM 16.01/18591 27A–D Kirkegaard Angola 135 Atlantide 17-03-1946 7º55’S 12º38’E 235–460 2 NHMD-231437 – paratypes (1959) Kirkegaard “ 133 “ 1950 17º13’S 11º27’E 320 2 NHMD-231448 -– paratypes 25C (1959) Terebellides nkossa  sp. nov. original new station- campaign/oil country reference date longitude latitude depth specs registration registration Remarks Figures sample field number number non-type; Kirgegaard Sierra Leone 51 Atlantide 31-1-1945 7º14’N 12º57’W 108 1 NHDM-231434 – labelled as T. (1959) af. nkossa  MNCN Gabon AYM 34-1 this work Ayol 2011 1º19.82’ 8º43.8’ 43 3 – paratype 16.01/18592 MNCN “ AYM 34-2 “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 3 – paratype 16.01/18593 MNCN “ AYM 34-2 “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 1 – holotype 28A, 29A 16.01/18594 MNCN “ AYM 35-1 “ Ayol “ 1º20.3’ 8º44.0’ 44 7 – paratype 29B–C 16.01/18595 MNCN “ “ “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 1 – paratype; SEM 30A–F 16.01/18596 MNCN “ AYM 35-2 “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 5 – paratype 16.01/18597 MNCN “ AYM 36-1 “ Ayol “ 1º20.6’ 8º44.1’ 44 4 – paratype 16.01/18598 MNCN “ AYM 36-2 “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 1 – paratype; SEM 32A–D 16.01/18599 MNCN “ “ “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 5 – paratype 16.01/18600 MNCN “ AYM 37-1 “ Ayol “ 1º21.8’ 8º44.8’ 45 1 – paratype; SEM 31A–F 16.01/18601 MNCN “ “ “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 1 – paratype 29D 16.01/18602 MNCN “ “ “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 7 – paratype 16.01/18603 MNCN “ AYM 37-2 “ Ayol “ “ “ “ 7 – paratype 16.01/18604 Banc du MNCN “ BDP 55-1 “ “ 0º37.5’ 8º45.6’ 47 1 – paratype Prince 16.01/18605 …continued on the next page

Terebellides ramili  sp. country station- sample reference campaign/oil field date longitude latitude depth specs original registration number new registration number Remarks Figures Congo 2 This work N’Kossa 18-11-2000 5º17.419’S 11º34.379’E 180 1 CEAB,129G MNCN 16.01/18613 paratype “ 7 “ “ 18-11-2000 5°16.425’S 11°33.765’E 200 1 CEAB.129D MNCN 16.01/18614 paratype; SEM 34A–F “ 9 “ “ 17-11-2000 5°16.285’S 11°33.568’E 190 1 CEAB.AP.129F MNCN 16.01/18615 Holotype 28B, 33A–B “ “ “ “ 17-11-2000 “ “ “ 2 “ MNCN 16.01/18616 paratype Congo 75 Kirkegaard (1959) Galathea  07-12-1950 5º41’S 11º38’E 205 1 NHMD-231438 – non-type; labelled T. af. ramili  33C

nov.

Terebellides  sp. 2 original new station- campaign/oil country reference date longitude latitude depth specs registration registration Remarks Figures sample field number number

Table 1. (continued) South Africa Kirkegaard (Off Cape 165 Galathea  03-01-1951 n.d. n.d. 110 1 NHMD-231449 – dried out 35C–D (1959) Point)

Branchiae. Branchiae arising as single structure from SGIII, consisting of a single stalked mid-dorsal branch having one pair of dorsal (upper) lobes not fused along their length, and one pair of ventral (lower) lobes of same length, neither fused together nor to dorsal ones, arising from branchial stem. Anterior projection of dorsal lobes (lobe 5) small. Pointed projection of posterior region of both upper and lower lobes forming a short terminal papilla ( Fig. 35View FIGURE 35 A−B).

Thorax. Eighteen pairs of notopodia ( SGIII−XX), with those in TC1 smaller than subsequent ones. Neuropodia as sessile pinnules, from TC6 ( SGVIII) to pygidium, with uncini in single rows starting from TC7 ( SGIX) throughout. First neuropodia ( TC 6) with eight sharply bent, acute-tipped, geniculate chaetae; second and subsequent neuropodia with up to 14−16 uncini per torus.

Abdomen. Thirty-one pairs of neuropodia as erect pinnules, with ca. 25 uncini per torus.

Other body features. A very small nephridial papilla behind first thoracic notopodia; two pairs of simple nephridial openings dorsal to each SGVI and VII ( TC 4 and TC 5) notopodium. Pygidium blunt, as a funnel-like depression.

Methyl green staining pattern. Anterior CH 1 to CH 3 solid; CH 4 to CH 18 striped; more pronounced in CH 4 to CH 11; near pattern 1 of Schüller & Hutchings (2010) ( Fig. 37View FIGURE 37).

Distribution and bathymetry. Congo; 200 m depth ( Fig. 11DView FIGURE 11; Table 1).

Remarks. The specimen was not examined under SEM, preventing adequate observations of relevant characters (i.e., ciliation of branchial lamellae, teeth size and shape on thoracic uncini) and, thus, formal description. It is characterised by the great development of the tentacular membrane, a trait shared with T. californica  and T. mediterranea  which, in turn, differ from Terebellides  sp. 1 in having long TC1 notopodium and notochaetae, both smaller in this specimen. Terebellides resomari Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe, Nygren & Londoño-Mesa, 2019  also shares this character, but differs from Terebellides  sp. 1 in having papillar projections over the margin of the branchial lamellae and a well-developed fifth branchial lobe.