Amazonius elenae ( Schmidt, 1994 ) Cifuentes, Yeimy & Bertani, Rogerio, 2022

Cifuentes, Yeimy & Bertani, Rogerio, 2022, Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of the tarantula genera Tapinauchenius Ausserer, 1871, Psalmopoeus Pocock, 1985, and Amazonius n. gen. (Theraphosidae, Psalmopoeinae), Zootaxa 5101 (1), pp. 1-123 : 99-105

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5101.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0FD7126B-77A7-4B99-A0E7-04298368C3C4

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6316523

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03BF87CE-A354-FF8D-FF5E-F926FCF7FF6F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Amazonius elenae ( Schmidt, 1994 )
status

n. comb.

Amazonius elenae ( Schmidt, 1994) n. comb.

( Figs 19 View FIGURE 19 , 311–343 View FIGURE 311 View FIGURES 312–319 View FIGURES 320–323 View FIGURES 324–329 View FIGURES 330–336 View FIGURES 337–341 View FIGURES 342–344 , 353–354 View FIGURES 353–361 )

Tapinauchenius elenae Schmidt, 1994a: 258 , fig. 1 (nomen nudum); Schmidt, 1994b: 1, figs 1–2; Auer, Huber & Bochtler, 2007: 21, figs 29–31, 47; Samm & Schmidt, 2008: 14, figs 8–10; World Spider Catalog 2021.

Pseudoclamoris elenae Hüsser 2018: 73 , fig. 13A; Cifuentes & Perafán 2020: 109, fig. 4.8F.

Diagnosis. Females of Amazonius elenae n. comb. resemble those of A. burgessi n. comb. by the multilobular spermathecae ( Fig. 319 View FIGURES 312–319 ). They can be distinguished by the normal long setae on the ventral area of femur I ( Figs 353–354 View FIGURES 353–361 ). Males resemble those of A. germani n. sp. by the male palpal bulb embolus with an accentuated curvature to retrolateral side distally ( Fig. 315 View FIGURES 312–319 ). They differ by the embolus narrowing abruptly distally ( Figs 312–313, 315 View FIGURES 312–319 ).

Type material. Holotype male from Ecuador, Hirschi leg., deposited at SMF 37349 View Materials , examined (see remarks below) ( Figs 337–341 View FIGURES 337–341 ).

Other material examined. ECUADOR: Puyo , Pastaza [1°29’S, 78°00’W], 1 female, Norton Whitten col., 1978, (CASENT-9071252) GoogleMaps ; BRAZIL: Acre: Senador Guiomard [10°09’S, 67°44’W], 1 female, C. Alexandre col. 12–17 July 2013 ( MNRJ 7712 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Amazonas: Careiro Castanho BR 319 km 181 sitio S. Paulo (04°12’48’’ S, 60°49’04’’ W) 1 male, J. A. Rafael and F. F. Xavier, 12–27 May 2017 ( INPA 9101 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Guajará, Ipixuna river (7°06’39”S, 73°05’25”W), 1 female, P. Bührheim and N. O. Aguiar, 13–19 June 1995 ( INPA 9102 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Rondônia: no municipality, 1 female, M. di Bernardi col., 05-VII-1991 ( MCP 1518 View Materials ) ; Porto Velho, Abunã [9°42’S, 65°22’W], Transecto 9, Parcela 2.050m, noturna, 1 female, M.C. Silveira col., 26 August 2011 ( MZUSP 39923 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; same locality, Mutum [8°33’S, 63°42’W], transecto 8, 1 male, Equipe Jirau 3, 31 August 2010 ( MZUSP 35369 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; transecto 6 parcela 400m, 1 female, P. Colas-Rosa, 22 May 2013 ( MZUSP 54914 View Materials ) ; same locality, Abuña , transecto 12, parcela 50 m, at night, 1 male, M.C. Silveira col., 23 January 2012 ( MZUSP 46302 View Materials ) ; same locality, Mutum , transecto 5 parcela 200 m, 1 female, S. Outena-Jorge col., 17 november 2010, collected at night ( MZUSP 37479 View Materials ) ; same locality, Abunã , transecto 12, parcela 50 m [9°41’S, 65°21W], 1 Male, Equipe arachnida 7 col., 25 August 2011, at night ( MZUSP 39179 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; Candeias do Jamari, Samuel ( Hydro Electric Damp site) [8°49’S, 63°23’W], 1 female, W. Bokerman col., January 1989, fell into boat from overhead vegetation ( MNRJ 7713 View Materials ) GoogleMaps .

Redescription. Female (MNRJ 7712): Total length, not including chelicerae or spinnerets 40.84. Carapace 16.38 long, 14.66 wide, 8.95 high. Chelicera: 9.25 long. Legs (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus, total): I: 11.19, 7.57, 10.44, 8.47, 5.21, 42.88; II: 11.22, 6.89, 9.24, 8.74, 5.82, 41.91; III: 11.21, 6.26, 8.95, 9.41, 5.48, 41.31; IV: 13.37, 6.58, 12.10, 12.31, 5.42, 49.78. Palp: 9.26, 5.31, 6.31, -, 5.81, 26.59. Midwidths: femora I–IV= 2.84, 2.70, 2.81, 2.67, palp= 2.21; patellae I–IV= 3.26, 2.95, 2.82, 2.90, palp= 2.19; tibiae I–IV= 2.74, 2.46, 2.36, 2.79, palp= 2.10; metatarsi I–IV= 2.17, 2.03, 1.76, 1.67; tarsi I–IV= 2.00, 1.91, 1.88, 2.03, palp= 2.04. Abdomen: 23.15 long, 16.52 wide. Spinnerets: PMS, 2.24 long, 1.44 wide, 1.03 apart; PLS, 3.36 basal, 2.64 middle, 3.38 distal; midwidths 2.07, 2.08, 1.51, respectively. Carapace: 1.12 times longer than wide; cephalic region slightly raised, thoracic striae conspicuous. Fovea: deep, straight, 2.19 wide. Eyes: eye tubercle 1.18 high, 2.45 long, 4.26 wide. Clypeus: absent. Anterior eye row straight, posterior slightly recurved. Eye size and interdistances: AME 0.66, ALE 0.89, PME 0.47, PLE 0.63, AME–AME 0.85, AME–ALE 0.48, AME–PME 0.37, ALE–ALE 2.84, ALE–PME 0.52, PME–PME 2.15, PME–PLE 0.27, PLE–PLE 3.06, ALE–PLE 0.38. Maxilla: length to width 1.43. Cuspules: ca. 148 spread over ventral inner heel. Labium: 2.62 long, 2.58 wide, with ca. 154 cuspules spaced by one diameter from each other on anterior third. Chelicera: basal segment with 10 teeth in row. Strikers: Long and short filiform setae disposed without any discernible pattern on a ventral-basal portion of chelicera before tooth row ( Fig. 323 View FIGURES 320–323 ). Sternum: 8.60 long, 6.03 wide.

Legs: Formula: IV I II III. Length leg IV to leg I: 1.16. Scopula: Tarsi I–IV fully scopulate; IV with few sparse setae. Metatarsi I–II fully scopulate; III 1/2 distal; IV 1/4 distal. IV divided by rows of setae. Spination: Palp and legs (ventral apical: tibia/metatarsi): Palp 0; I: 0/0; II 0/0; III 1/1; IV 0/1. Maxillary stridulatory organ ( Fig. 322 View FIGURES 320–323 ): weakly developed, composed of slightly thick setae with rugose aspect, not disposed on an ordered line, grouped forming an oval patch on the prolateral face of the maxillae.

Spermathecae ( Fig. 319 View FIGURES 312–319 ): Two spermathecae completely separated, roughly straight, with numerous apical small to median lobes, two striae from base to apex form fold on ventral view.

Color pattern (preserved in alcohol): Carapace and abdomen light brown with golden setae, legs and palpal femora light brown, tibia and metatarsus distal with white-pink ring.

Redescription. Male (MZUSP 35369). Total length, not including chelicerae or spinnerets 25.16. Carapace 11.04 long, 9.41 wide, 7.15 high. Chelicera: 5.25 long. Legs (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus, total): I: 12.10, 6.30, 10.84, 9.15, 5.16, 43.55; II: 10.56, 5.81, 9.64, 9.12, 4.49, 39.62; III: 10.47, 5.05, 8.56, 8.78, 4.62, 37.48; IV: 11.97, 5.05, 11.48, 12.50, 4.33, 45.33; Palp: 7.71, 4.18, 6.03, -, 1.96, 19.88. Midwidths: femora I–IV= 1.85, 1.90, 1.98, 1.94, palp= 1.35; patellae I–IV= 2.00, 1.91, 1.93, 1.86, palp= 1.40; tibiae I–IV= 1.55, 1.59, 1.51, 1.55, palp= 1.43; metatarsi I–IV= 1.19, 1.14, 1.04, 1.10; tarsi I–IV= 1.18, 1.17, 1.18, 1.17, palp= 1.26. Abdomen: 13.31 long, 7.71 wide. Spinnerets: PMS, 1.25 long, 0.66 wide, 0.66 apart; PLS, 1.48 basal, 1.31 middle, 2.48 distal; midwidths 0.87, 0.84, 0.69, respectively. Carapace: 1.17 times longer than wide; cephalic region slightly raised, thoracic striae conspicuous. Fovea: deep, straight, 1.61 wide. Eyes: eye tubercle 1.38 high, 1.74 long, 2.87 wide. Clipeus: absent. Anterior eye row straight, posterior slightly recurved. Eye size and interdistances: AME 0.68, ALE 0.56, PME 0.42, PLE 0.48, AME–AME 0.57, AME–ALE 0.14, AME–PME 0.16, ALE–ALE 2.07, ALE–PME 0.26, PME–PME 1.65, PME–PLE 0.05, PLE–PLE 2.06, ALE–PLE 0.11. Maxilla: length to width 1.92. Cuspules: ca. 135 spread over ventral inner heel. Labium: 1.43 long, 1.49 wide, with ca. 135 cuspules spaced by one diameter from each other on anterior third. Chelicera: basal segment with 9 teeth in row. Strikers: Long and short filiform setae, disposed without any discernible pattern on a ventral-basal portion of chelicerae before the teeth row ( Fig. 321 View FIGURES 320–323 ). Sternum: 5.35 long, 4.45 wide.

Legs: Formula: I = IV II III. Length leg IV to leg I: 1.04. Scopula: Tarsi I–IV fully scopulate; IV with a few sparse setae. Metatarsi I–II fully scopulate; III 2/3 distal; IV 1/4 distal. IV divided by rows of setae. Spination Palps and legs (ventral apical: tibia/metatarsi): Palp 0; I: 1 behind retrolateral process; II: 2/0; III 0/2; IV 1/2. Maxillary stridulatory organ: weakly developed, composed of slightly thick setae with rugose aspect, not disposed on an ordered line, grouped forming an oval patch on the prolateral face of the maxillae ( Fig. 320 View FIGURES 320–323 ). Tibial apophysis ( Figs 316–318 View FIGURES 312–319 ): two processes, retrolateral longer than prolateral, one spine at side of prolateral, one at apical part of retrolateral process. A rounded protuberance behind retrolateral process. Metatarsus I folds on retrolateral side of tibial apophysis.

Palp ( Figs 312–315 View FIGURES 312–319 ): tegulum length 0.88, width 1.22, embolus proximal width 0.57, embolus length 3.20. Embolus proximal portion straight. Embolus length to tegulum length: 3.64. Embolus distal third curves abruptly to retrolateral side. Embolus narrows to its tip ending in a roughly straight tip.

Color pattern (preserved in alcohol): Carapace and abdomen brown with some golden setae, leg and palpal femora brown with golden setae, tibia and metatarsus apically with white-pink ring.

Distribution. Ecuador and Brazil ( Fig. 311 View FIGURE 311 ).

Remarks. Schmidt (1994a) published a presumptive description of his new species Tapinauchenius elenae based on an exuvium of a female from Ecuador, Napo, Tena. However, he did not explicitly designate a holotype nor the institution where the specimen was or should be deposited. In the same year ( Schmidt 1994b), he described the male from Ecuador, but now explicitly stating it was the holotype and citing the Senckenberg Museum as the institution where it was deposited. Therefore, we consider the first publication of the species a “nomen nudum”.

We found important spermathecal variation in the species, some specimens having a wide spermathecae having the same width throughout its length and with several terminal lobes ( Figs 330–332 View FIGURES 330–336 ). Other specimens ( Figs 333–336 View FIGURES 330–336 ) have a constriction near the tip and a few lobes.

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

BR

Embrapa Agrobiology Diazothrophic Microbial Culture Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theraphosidae

Genus

Amazonius

Loc

Amazonius elenae ( Schmidt, 1994 )

Cifuentes, Yeimy & Bertani, Rogerio 2022
2022
Loc

Pseudoclamoris elenae Hüsser 2018: 73

Cifuentes, Y. & Perafan, C. 2020: 109
Husser, M. 2018: 73
2018
Loc

Tapinauchenius elenae

Samm, R. & Schmidt, G. 2008: 14
Auer, H. - W. & Huber, M. & Bochtler, A. 2007: 21
Schmidt, G. 1994: 258
Schmidt, G. 1994: 1
1994