Gophoinae

Ruiz, Gustavo R. S. & Maddison, Wayne P., 2015, The new Andean jumping spider genus Urupuyu and its placement within a revised classification of the Amycoida (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4040 (3), pp. 251-279 : 272

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4040.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:392A2F34-0B0C-4298-BBF5-76A82CED0C59

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6121682

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C087CB-FF90-5450-FF05-FE49FE38FBAF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gophoinae
status

 

Subfamily Gophoinae Simon, 1901

Gophoeae Simon, 1901: 588 (Type genus: Gophoa Simon, 1901 , synonymized with Cotinusa Simon, 1900 by Galiano 1963: 360).

( Thiodininae sensu Simon 1901: 545; Petrunkevitch 1928: 185; Roewer 1954; Edwards et al. 2005; Hill 2012; see also comments under Thiodininae ).

Monophyly: Long mistaken as the “ Thiodininae ”, this group is well supported by molecular data ( Figs 36 View FIGURE 36 , 37 View FIGURES 37 – 38 , 39, 41, 43 View FIGURES 39 – 43 ) and is easily recognized by a series of morphological features, though each of the features is missing in some species of this group. First, most species have two pairs of bulbous setae on the ventral surface of the tibia of the front leg, unique among spiders, thought to enhance sensation for the handling of prey ( Hill 2012). Second, many species have a carapace/femur I stridulatory apparatus ( Maddison 1987), but it is not clear whether this structure evolved on one of the branches within this subfamily or is a synapomorphy reversed in subgroups. Third, most species have a well developed RTA accompanied by a sinuous RvTA in the male palp (e.g. Galiano 1963: pl. XL, figs 1–4). The embolus is also articulated with the tegulum by a well-developed hematodocha ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 50 – 52 ), though whether this is a synapomorphy or a plesiomorphy is unclear.

We note that the molecular results ( Figs 37 View FIGURES 37 – 38 , 41 View FIGURES 39 – 43 ) support the separation of Nilakantha and Colonus by Bustamante et al. (2015).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Loc

Gophoinae

Ruiz, Gustavo R. S. & Maddison, Wayne P. 2015
2015
Loc

Thiodininae

Petrunkevitch 1928: 185
Simon 1901: 545
1901