Quedius (Microsaurus) walteri Korge, 1971

Yu, A. & Solodovnikov, 2005, New and little known species of Quedius from West Palaearctic (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Staphylininae), Zootaxa 902, pp. 1-13: 4-5

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.170972

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C087EC-FFC0-E20F-FED4-FEBD03C8D3AD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Quedius (Microsaurus) walteri Korge, 1971
status

 

Quedius (Microsaurus) walteri Korge, 1971 

Korge 1971 a: 44; Coiffait 1978: 182; Smetana 1995: 83.

Material examined. TURKEY: 6 ɗ, 5 Ψ "Borcka, Anat. b. [northern Anatolia] 1.­ 3.6.[19] 60 leg. F. Schubert" ( NMW, FMNH); 1 ɗ, 1 Ψ, “ Turkey, Artvin, Karçal Daği, subalpine zone, 26.06. 1998, leg. I. Belousov” ( FMNH); 1 ɗ, “ Turkey, Artvin, Karçal Daği, forest, 2425.06. 1998, leg. I. Belousov” ( ZIN); 1 ɗ, “ Turkey, Rize, Gül Daği, Çağlayan River valley, 1000 m, AlnusRhododendron forest, 20. VI. 1998, leg. A. Solodovnikov” ( ZIN); 1 ɗ, “Caucasus Armen. [ Armenien] Geb. [Gebirge] Leder Reitter / Quedius obliqueseriatus Epp. Coll. Reitter  ” ( HNHM).

Discussion. This species from north­eastern Turkey is known only from few records ( Korge 1971 a, Smetana 1995) and nothing was reported on its binomics. Morphologically, Quedius walteri  is so distinct that it is difficult to affiliate it with any lineage of Quedius  . Korge (1971 a) tentatively placed it in the subgenus Microsaurus  what was followed by Coiffait (1978). Smetana (1995) moved it to the subgenus Raphirus  , but recently ( Smetana 2004) back to Microsaurus  . There was neither an analysis to reveal phylogenetic relationships of Q. walteri  , nor an attempt to elaborate a sound subgeneric system of Quedius  . Thus, in the subgeneric placement of this species I tentatively follow Smetana (2004), the latest published assignment. It should be noted however that it is basically a habitus of Q. walteri  (relatively small eyes, anteriorly narrowed pronotum, short elytra), which makes this species similar to some Microsaurus  . In fact, Q. walteri  shares major features of the body structure, and generally similar shape of the aedeagus (especially of the median lobe) with Q. transsylvanicus Weise, 1875  (species currently in the subgenus Raphirus  ). Based on that similarity, I tentatively assume that Q. walteri  and Q. transsylvanicus  are closely related. However, even assuming their phylogenetic affinity one has to accept that they have undergone significant independent evolution since the time of divergence. There are significant morphological differences between them: Q. transsylvanicus  has a different shape of the pronotum and the microsculpture of its upper body surface is transversal; it has no additional punctures near the posterior frontal punctures; its paramere is without inner lamellae but with sensory peg setae. Also, the distributions of the two species are restricted to the relatively remote mountain regions ( Q. transsylvanicus  is endemic to the Carpathians).

Detailed bionomic data for Q. walteri  are recorded only for one specimen from Gül Daği (see above), where it was collected in leaf litter of Alnus­Rhododendron forest at elevation of 1000 m. In Karçal Daği Q. walteri  was collected both in the forest and subalpine altitudinal belts. Apparently the species is primarily a forest inhabitant, but, as many other montane forest species in very similar areas of the north­western Caucasus ( Solodovnikov 1998), it penetrates into the subalpine zone.

Male genitalia of this species are illustrated in Smetana (1995, Figs. 12–17View FIGURES 5 – 17) and here in Figs. 14–17View FIGURES 5 – 17.

Habitus is provided here in Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 4.

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

ZIN

Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Zoological Museum

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)