Pamphaginae

Massa, Bruno, 2013, Pamphagidae (Orthoptera: Caelifera) of North Africa: key to genera and the annotated check-list of species, Zootaxa 3700 (3), pp. 435-475: 436

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3700.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E3FA2E4B-DDF4-4FDB-8CF1-FFBA215D40CA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C187FA-FFA3-B345-FF64-D24C58BEF82C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pamphaginae
status

 

Key to North African genera of Pamphaginae 

1. Krauss’s organ absent, hind border of pronotum provided with spines or festooned ( Figs. 1–6View FIGURES 1 – 22), wings absent or very small.. 2

- Krauss’s organ present, hind border of pronotum smooth or festooned, squamipterous............................... 3

2. Hind border of pronotum with spines, tympanum partially covered, body dorso-ventrally compressed, wings absent, upper bor- der of hind femurs provided with spines ( Figs. 1–2View FIGURES 1 – 22). Tunisia and Libya..................... Gen. Finotia Bonnet, 1884  .

- Hind border of pronotum festooned or with small tubercles, tympanum not covered, wings absent ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1 – 22) or present; in this case they may be very short ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 22) or not exceeding the metanotum ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 1 – 22); in the latter case microscopic hind wings are present. Upper border of hind femurs undulate and notched after the middle ( Figs. 5–6View FIGURES 1 – 22). Morocco to Libya and Italy (Sicily).............................................................................. Gen. Ocneridia Bolivar, 1912  .

3. Hind femurs with upper and lower borders laterally flattened and provided with tubercles, upper border constricted just before the genicular lobe. Tegmina spatular ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 1 – 22). Prosternum process narrow, bifid and cuneiform. Morocco and West Algeria........................................................................... Gen Eunapiodes Bolivar, 1907  .

- Hind femurs normal, with upper border declining after the middle, smooth ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 1 – 22) or with some small spines ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 1 – 22)...... 4

4. Prosternum process absent, only a fore collar present, vertex two times wider than long ( Fig. 10View FIGURES 1 – 22), 11–12 antennal segments, pronotum clearly interrupted by the typical sulcus ( Figs. 10–13View FIGURES 1 – 22), epiproct divided by a longitudinal concavity............ 5

- Prosternum process present, vertex less than two times wider than long, 15–18 antennal segments, pronotum not or interrupted only by typical sulcus, epiproct not clearly divided........................................................... 7

5. Pronotum interrupted by 2–3 sulci ( Figs. 11, 13View FIGURES 1 – 22), arolia longer than half claws, hind border of epiphallus raised, male cerci incurved, subgenital plate of male not convex, inside of hind femurs dark......................................... 6

- Pronotum interrupted by one sulcus ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 1 – 22), arolia shorter than half claws, hind border of epiphallus cut, male cerci straight and flattened, subgenital plate of male convex, inside of hind femurs pale. South Morocco.................................................................................... Gen. Pseudoglauia Morales Agacino et Descamps, 1968  .

6. Body not dorso-ventrally compressed, hind border of pronotum more or less straight, pronotum interrupted by 2–3 sulci ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 1 – 22), male cerci downcurved. South Morocco........................................... Gen. Glauia Bolivar, 1912  .

- Body compressed dorso-ventrally, pronotum flat and wide ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 1 – 22), hind border of pronotum much concave, tegmina covering only partially the tympanum, male cerci incurved, male epiphallus as long as the entire phallic complex. South Morocco....................................................................... Gen. Glauvarovia Morales Agacino, 1945  .

7. Pronotum keel furrowed dorsally (only in rare cases it is not furrowed), presence of lateral keels on the pronotum ( Figs. 15– 16View FIGURES 1 – 22). Tegmina more or less oval, with lower border convex ( Figs. 17–20View FIGURES 1 – 22). Aedeagus valves provided with columnar keels ( Figs. 120–122View FIGURES 110 – 122, 144View FIGURES 123 – 148. 123 – 145)........................................................................................ 8

- Pronotum keel not furrowed dorsally, lateral keels absent, tegmina narrow, with lower border straight and only enlarged apically ( Figs. 14View FIGURES 1 – 22, 27View FIGURES 23 – 31). Aedeagus valves normal............................................................... 11

8. Prosternum process cubic ( Fig. 114View FIGURES 110 – 122)...................................................................... 9

- Prosternum process with a fore border and two hind pointed tubercles ( Figs. 142View FIGURES 123 – 148. 123 – 145, 149, 153View FIGURES 149 – 160). Morocco and Algeria................................................................................... Gen. Paraeumigus Bolivar, 1914  .

9. Prosternum process with four evident pointed tubercles, abdomen clearly keeled ( Figs. 16, 20View FIGURES 1 – 22). From Morocco to Libya......................................................................... Gen. Paraeuryparyphes La Greca, 1993  .

- Prosternum process with two pointed tubercles, abdomen just keeled............................................ 10

10. Aedeagus valves long, narrow and tubular, apically open, epiphallus ancorae reduced to two tuberosities, hind border deeply concave between lophi, that bear some small black spines. Morocco................. Gen. Nadigeumigus La Greca, 1993  .

- Aedeagus valves characterized by columnar keels (Figs.), epiphallus normal. Morocco and Algeria............................................................................................... Gen. Euryparyphes Fischer, 1853  .

11. Body short, meso and metasternal spaces much wider than long ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 1 – 22)........................................ 12

- Body long, meso and metasternal spaces as wide as long..................................................... 13

12. Pronotum raised, borders of the vertex evident, hind femurs and tibiae much hairy, also on the upper border. Central Morocco............................................................................... Gen. Amigus Bolivar, 1914  .

- Pronotum flat, borders of the vertex not evident, hind femurs and tibiae less hairy ( Fig. 22View FIGURES 1 – 22). Morocco........................................................................................... Gen. Pseudoamigus Chopard, 1943  .

13. Hind femurs stout, with a pre-genicular narrowing less evident ( Fig. 23View FIGURES 23 – 31), fore and hind borders of pronotum clearly protruding ( Figs. 25–26View FIGURES 23 – 31), hind tibiae hairless. From Morocco to Libya and Italy (Sardinia and Sicily). Gen. Pamphagus Thunberg, 1815  .

- Hind femurs slender, with a pre-genicular narrowing more evident ( Figs. 8View FIGURES 1 – 22, 24View FIGURES 23 – 31), borders of pronotum less protruding ( Fig. 27View FIGURES 23 – 31), hind tibiae hairy..................................................................................... 14

14. Subgenital plate of the male not divided into two parts ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 23 – 31). Hind border of epiphallus never bilobate ( Fig. 31View FIGURES 23 – 31). From Morocco to Tunisia, Italy (Calabria and Sicily) and Iberian peninsula....................... Gen. Acinipe Rambur, 1838  .

- Subgenital plate of the male divided into two parts ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 23 – 31). Hind border of epiphallus generally bilobate ( Fig. 30View FIGURES 23 – 31). From Morocco to Egypt and Middle East.................................. Gen. Paracinipe Descamps et Mounassif, 1972  .