Frigitilla simulatrix ( F. Smith, 1879 )

Cambra, Roberto A., Brothers, Denis J. & Quintero, Diomedes, 2016, Review of Frigitilla Williams in Bartholomay et al., 2015, with description of a new species from Panama (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae), Zootaxa 4189 (2), pp. 395-400: 396-397

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4189.2.13

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AD84FE6A-C97B-42BB-A5C1-7AD570D3614C

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3511464

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C1EB2A-FF82-FFC5-FF2C-2B49FAF9FD36

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Frigitilla simulatrix ( F. Smith, 1879 )
status

comb. nov.

Frigitilla simulatrix ( F. Smith, 1879)  , comb. nov.

( Figs 1–5View FIGURES 1 – 5, 14View FIGURES 11 – 14)

Mutilla simulatrix F. Smith, 1879: 213  . Syntypes, 2 ♀, Brazil, Amazonas, Ega (currently Tefé) (BMNH). Examined by RACT (1990) and DJB (1981).

Mutilla frigidula Cresson, 1902: 40  . Holotype, ♀, Brazil, Pará, Santarem (CMNH). Examined by DQA (1996). New synonymy.

Traumatomutilla simulatrix: Quintero & Cambra 1996: 357  .

Tobantilla frigidula: Williams et al. 2011: 55  .

Frigitilla frigidula: Bartholomay et al. 2015: 52 View Cited Treatment   .

Material examined. Type material. Mutilla simulatrix  : lectotype (designated here), ♀, “Type” [typeset circular white label with red border], “Ega // 70 / 16” [handwritten blue circular label], “ Mutilla  / simulator  [sic] / (Type) Sm ” [handwritten white rectangular label], “B.M. TYPE / HYM. / 15.987.” [typeset and handwritten white rectangular label], “[QR code] / NHMUK010209590” [typeset white rectangular label], “LECTOTYPE / Mutilla simulatrix  / Smith, 1879 ♀ / Cambra, Brothers & / Quintero 2016” [typeset red rectangular label] (BMNH); paralectotype, ♀, “Ega // 58 / 6” [handwritten blue circular label], “COMPARED / WITH TYPE / Traumatomutilla  / simulatrix  / ♀ (Smith) / Mickel / 1931” [typeset and handwritten orange rectangular label], “COMPARED / WITH TYPE / Traumatomutilla  / frigidula  / ♀ (Cresson) / Mickel / 1931” [typeset and handwritten yellow rectangular label], “[QR code] / NHMUK010209589” [typeset white rectangular label], “PARALECTOTYPE / Mutilla simulatrix  / Smith, 1879 ♀ / Cambra, Brothers & / Quintero 2016” [typeset yellow rectangular label] (BMNH). Mutilla frigidula  : holotype, ♀, “Santarem”, “TYPE / Cress”, “M. / frigidula  / ♀ Cress” [all handwritten labels]. Other material. PERU: Madre de Dios, Reserva Manu, Estación Pakitza , 1–2.vii.1993, R. Cambra, 1♀ ( MIUP)  . BRAZIL: Acre: Senador Guiomard, 10°04'S, 67°36'W, Reserva Catuaba , 5.iii.2002, E. F. Morato, 1♀ ( MIUP)GoogleMaps  ; same data but: 17.ix.2002, 1♀ ( MIUP), 26.xi.2002, 1♂ ( MIUP)GoogleMaps  ; Rio Branco , 7.iii.1997, E. F. Morato, 1♀ ( MIUP)  ; same data but: 6.xii.1995, 1♂ ( MIUP), 5.i.1996, 1♂ ( MIUP), 8.xi.1996, 1♀ ( MIUP)  ; Rio Branco , Bosque Universidad Federal do Acre, 17.ii.1994, D. Quintero, 1♀ ( DJBC)  ; Rio Branco, Parque Zoobotanico , 9°15'S, 67°00'W, 2–9.ix.1998 (Malaise), Silva, Selhorst, Reis, 1♂ ( MIUP)GoogleMaps  ; Amazonas, Lago Amanã , Nov. 1980, R. Best, 1♀ ( MIUP)  .

Distribution. Peru ( Quintero & Cambra 1996, Rasmussen & Asenjo 2009), Brazil and Bolivia ( Williams et al. 2011, Bartholomay et al. 2015).

Comments. Smith (1879) gave a size range in his description of M. simulatrix  , indicating that he had more than one specimen, but he did not specify a holotype. There are two conspecific and almost identical specimens in the collections of BMNH, both labelled on circular blue labels as from “Ega”; one ( Figs 1–4View FIGURES 1 – 5) bears a handwritten label (probably by Smith) indicating it as the “type” of “ Mutilla simulator  ” [sic], but the other has no contemporaneous determination label. (The different spelling of the specific name is not unprecedented. For example, the holotype of Mutilla stimulatrix Smith, 1879: 192  , from South Africa, bears Smith’s type label as “ Mutilla stimulator  ”, the “type” of M. salutatrix Smith, 1879: 227  from Mexico has Smith’s label as “ M. salutator  ” and that of M. investigatrix Smith, 1879: 209  from Ega is labelled as “ M. investigator  ” (DJB, pers. obs). The types of all of these species are female specimens, so it is possible that the names were changed to the feminine forms for (posthumous) publication, but not on the original labels.) The accession codes associated with the locality labels indicate that both specimens were collected/accessed long before their description and were thus both available to Smith; furthermore, their sizes agree with those given by Smith. It is thus evident that these are the syntypes, and we hereby designate the specimen bearing Smith’s “type” label, and in slightly better condition, as the lectotype. The other specimen is therefore a paralectotype; it bears two labels by Mickel indicating that it was compared with the “types” of both M. simulatrix  and M. frigidula  in 1931. Mickel had evidently not realized that the two specimens in BMNH were syntypes, but he had recognized the specific synonymy which we have now formally established. Appropriate lectotype and paralectotype labels have been added to these specimens. As reflected above, the holotype of M. frigidula  does not bear any labels giving the country, province or collector; those details, listed by Williams et al. (2011), were derived from the introductory material in Cresson’s (1902) paper.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mutillidae

Genus

Frigitilla

Loc

Frigitilla simulatrix ( F. Smith, 1879 )

Cambra, Roberto A., Brothers, Denis J. & Quintero, Diomedes 2016
2016
Loc

Mutilla simulatrix

Smith 1879: 213
Loc

Mutilla frigidula

Cresson 1902: 40
Loc

Traumatomutilla simulatrix:

Quintero 1996: 357
Loc

Tobantilla frigidula: Williams et al. 2011 : 55

Williams 2011: 55
Loc

Frigitilla frigidula: Bartholomay et al. 2015 : 52

Bartholomay 2015: 52