Sphex haemorrhoidalis Fabricius, 1781

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael, 2022, The wasp genus Sphex in Sub-Saharan Africa (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 796 (1), pp. 1-170 : 66-70

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2022.796.1665

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:76C5C9C4-C6C1-4EDC-8FF8-9828A6EF2040

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6535858

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C20928-FFD0-FFE6-4202-143F3D35089D

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Sphex haemorrhoidalis Fabricius, 1781
status

 

Sphex haemorrhoidalis Fabricius, 1781

Figs 34 View Figs 33–40. 33–37 , 69–70, 71 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 (red)

Sphex haemorrhoidalis Fabricius, 1781: 443 , sex not stated [♀].

Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895: 64 , ♀, ♂. Synonymized with Sphex haemorrhoidalis by R. Turner 1912: 369.

Differential diagnosis

Theoretically, females of S. haemorrhoidalis ( Fig. 69 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ) can be recognized through their ferruginousgolden appressed paraocular and lateroclypeal setae ( Fig. 34 View Figs 33–40. 33–37 ). As this is not always perfectly visible, the combination of a largely ferruginous clypeus and the absence of a silvery luster in the appressed paraocular setae can be used for recognition as well. The silvery luster is present in females of S. victoria sp. nov. ( Fig. 35 View Figs 33–40. 33–37 ) and in those of S. caeruleanus ( Fig. 67 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ) and S. mweruensis ( Fig. 68 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ). Females of S. umtalicus ( Fig. 33 View Figs 33–40. 33–37 ) have at most a small area on the paraocular area with a silvery luster that differs from the basic color of their black appressed paraocular and clypeal setae, and their clypeus is entirely black, with the exception of rare cases that have up to the lower clypeal half ferruginous.

Males ( Fig. 70 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ) are identifiable through the combination of at least some of the erect scutal setae being silvery, the clypeus being entirely black and the wings only slightly fuscous. In males of S. victoria sp. nov. ( Fig. 74 View Figs 72–78. 72 ), S. caeruleanus and S. umtalicus , all scutal and propodeal setae are black. While the majority of the erect mesosomal setae are silvery in males of S. mweruensis ( Fig. 65 View Figs 63–71. 63, 67 ), they differ from those of S. haemorrhoidalis in usually having the clypeal margin ferruginous. Furthermore, male S. haemorrhoidalis differ from those of the other species within the group in usually having almost the entire clypeus covered with appressed setae, except the area near the free margin, instead of the glabrous spot being medially at least 15% of the total clypeal height.

Material examined

Holotype AFRICA • ♀; tropical Africa [probably West Africa]; BMNH, coll. Banks.

Other material

AFRICA • 1 ♀; “ Congo ”; 1888; Thollon leg.; MNHN 1 ♂, 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; MNHN .

BENIN – Alibori Department • 1 ♀; Kandi, near Saa; [11°07ʹ43ʺ N, 2°56ʹ13ʺ E]; Jun. 2001; F. Kantner leg.; THD-020-OOLM ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538572 View Materials ; OÖLM GoogleMaps .

CAMEROON • 1 ♀; 12 Mar. 1892; H. Brauns leg.; TMP 1 ♀, paralectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; Schäfer leg.; ZMB • 1 ♀, paralectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; “Sanaga”; Heim leg.; ZMB . – Adamawa Region • 1 ♀; SE of Ngaoundéré, ranch ; [7°08ʹ N, 13°42ʹ E]; 9–12 May 2006; J. Oehlke leg.; coll. Jacobs. GoogleMaps Centre Region • 1 ♀; Biyan; [3°24ʹ N, 11°14ʹ E]; Dec. 1956; Mouchet leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Yaoundé ; [3°52ʹ N, 11°31ʹ E]; Apr. 1953; J.-P. Adam and J. Rageau leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; same collection data as for preceding but Oct. 1953; MNHN GoogleMaps 68 ♀♀; same locality as for preceding; Molez leg. [all?]; MNHN GoogleMaps 33 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding; MNHN. GoogleMaps South Region • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; 36 mi. N of Kribi; [3°25ʹ36ʺ N, 10°07ʹ24ʺ E]; 19 Oct. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Longji ; [3°04ʹ40.7ʺ N, 9°58ʹ29.1ʺ E]; Apr. 1904; H. Paschen leg.; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; ZMB GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Nkoemvon ; [2°49ʹ N, 11°08ʹ E]; 13 Jul.–24 Aug. 1980; D. Jackson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Southwest Region • 1 ♂, lectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 (designated here); Barombi Station ; P. Preuss leg.; ZMB 4 ♀♀, paralectotypes of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; same collection data as for lectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; ZMB.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC • 1 ♀; M. Boulard leg.; MNHN. – Lobaye • 1 ♀; La Maboke [near M’Baiki]; [3°53ʹ N, 18°00ʹ E]; 21 Aug. 1969; P. Teocchi leg.; MNHN. GoogleMaps

ETHIOPIA – Amhara Region • 1 ♀; Jowaha , N of Debra Sina; 7 Aug. 1946; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH .

GABON – Estuaire Province • 1 ♂, 1 ♀; Crystal Mountains, Komo ; [0°49ʹ45.6ʺ N, 10°08ʹ5.7ʺ E]; 1–15 Oct. 1969; A. Villiers leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Crystal Mountains, Muni ; [0°49ʹ45.6ʺ N, 10°08ʹ5.7ʺ E]; 15–31Oct.1969; A.Villiers leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .– Haut-Ogooué Province • 1♀; Franceville ; [1°38ʹ S, 13°35ʹ E]; 1888; P.S. de Brazza leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Moyen-Ogooué Province • 1 ♀; Lambaréné ; [0°41ʹ18ʺ S, 10°13ʹ55ʺ E]; 1912; R. Ellenberger leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Zielé [lake near Lambaréné]; [0°41ʹ18ʺ S, 10°13ʹ55ʺ E]; 22 May 1993; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Ngounié Province • 1 ♀, paralectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; “Chûtes de Samlia, Rivière NʹGami ” [ actually chute de Samba , Ngounié River ]; A. Mocquerys leg.; IRSN .

GHANA – Eastern Region • 1 ♀; 6 km E of Akosombo; 6°15ʹ N, 0°05ʹ E; 28 Aug. 2012; M. and J. Schwarz leg.; OÖLM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 30 Aug. 2012; THD-034-OOLM ; GenBank CO1 gene: MW538573 View Materials ; OÖLM GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Aburi ; [5°50ʹ52ʺ N, 0°10ʹ28ʺ W]; Dec. 1941; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♂♂; same collection data as for preceding; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Savannah Region • 1 ♀; Yapi [Yapei]; [9°09ʹ08ʺ N, 1°08ʹ52ʺ W]; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Volta Region • 1 ♀; Kpeve ; [6°41ʹ20ʺ N, 0°20ʹ01ʺ E]; Jun. 1942; K.M. Guichard leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps . – Western Region • 1 ♀; Ankasa Forest Reserve ; [5°17ʹ N, 2°39ʹ W]; 9 Apr. 1969; O.W. Richards leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Daboasi ; [5°08ʹ N, 1°39ʹ W]; 24 Feb. 1980; K.M. Stewart leg.; USNM GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Tamso ; [5°16ʹ46ʺ N, 2°00ʹ03ʺ W]; BMNH GoogleMaps .

GUINEA • 1 ♀; Westermann leg.; ZMB.– Nzérékoré Region 1 ♂; near Diéké; [7°20ʹ54ʺ N, 8°57ʹ15ʺ W]; 8–9 Feb. 2003; J. Oehlke leg.; coll. Jacobs GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kéoulenta ; [7°40ʹ46ʺ N, 8°18ʹ51ʺ W]; 2 Jun. 1942; M. Lamotte leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Nzo ; [7°40ʹ46ʺ N, 8°18ʹ51ʺ W]; 2 Jun. 1942; M. Lamotte leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Sérédou ; [8°23ʹ N, 9°18ʹ W]; 2 Mar. 1958; R. Pujol leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀; Yalanzou ; [7°43ʹ N, 8°41ʹ W]; 2 Jun. 1942; M. Lamotte leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

KENYA • 1 ♀; valley of Upper Nzoia River, N of Kavirondo; 5–7 Jun. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; MNHN .

LIBERIA • 2 ♀♀; Dingano ; 10 Aug. 1953; W. Peters leg.; BMNH 1 ♀; Varh ; 3 Aug. 1953; W. Peters leg.; BMNH. – Bong County • 1 ♂; 10 mi. NE of Gbanka [ Gbarnga ]; [7°09ʹ30ʺ N, 9°27ʹ07ʺ W]; 11 Aug. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Kpaine ; [7°10ʹ N, 9°07ʹ W]; 17 Aug. 1953; W. Peters leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Kpaine ; [7°10ʹ N, 9°07ʹ W]; 17 Aug. 1953; W. Peters leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Margibi County • 1 ♂; Harbel, Firestone Plantation ; [6°17ʹ N, 10°21ʹ W]; 27 Jul. 1966; E.S. Ross and K. Lorenzen leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Kakatown [ now Kakata ]; [6°31ʹ48ʺ N, 10°21ʹ06ʺ W]; 20 Aug. 1926; J. Bequaert leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

NIGER – Dosso Region • 1 ♀; Gaya ; [11°53ʹ03ʺ N, 3°26ʹ57ʺ E]; 17 Oct. 1976; BMNH GoogleMaps .

NIGERIA • 1 ♂; Koya; Jan. 1975; J.T. Medler leg.; BMNH. – Kaduna State • 1 ♀; Samaru ; [11°09ʹ39ʺ N, 7°38ʹ44ʺ E]; 25 Aug. 1970; Ward leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but 4 Sep. 1970; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Samaru , Fadama ; [11°09ʹ39ʺ N, 7°38ʹ44ʺ E]; 15 Jul. 1970; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Osun State • 1 ♂; Ile-Ife ; [7°28ʹ56ʺ N, 4°33ʹ37ʺ E]; 6 Mar. 1975; J.T. Medler leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

REPUBLIC OF CÔTE D’IVOIRE • 1 ♂; 1957; J. de Wilde leg.; RMNH. – Abidjan District • 2 ♂♂; Adiopodoumé ; [5°20ʹ29.2ʺ N, 4°07ʹ59.2ʺ W]; 1967; P.J. Hummelen leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding ; 30 Aug. 1962; J. von Dinther leg.; RMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♂; same locality as for preceding ; 17 Nov. 1967; Gillon leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Banco National Park ; [5°23ʹ N, 4°03ʹ W]; R. Paulian and C. Delamare leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♂; Bingerville; [5°21ʹ N, 3°54ʹ W]; 1916; G. Melou leg.; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Gôh Region • 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Gagnoa ; [6°07ʹ54ʺ N, 5°57ʹ02ʺ E]; 2–4 Mar. 1984; M. Matthews leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Gôh- GoogleMaps Djiboua District • 1 ♀; Oumé; [6°23ʹ N, 5°25ʹ W]; 20 Jan. 1991; W.J. Pulawski leg.; CAS. – GoogleMaps Indénié- Djuablin Region • 1 ♀; Abengourou ; [6°44ʹ N, 3°29ʹ W]; May 1965; Brunhes leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding but Jun. 1965; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Lagunes District • 1 ♀; 40 km NW of Abidjan; [5°46ʹ27ʺ N, 4°07ʹ34ʺ W]; 6 Jan. 1991; W.J. Pulawski leg.; CAS GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Nidiza [NʹDouci or Nzida?]; 2 Aug. 1955; Pesson leg.; MNHN . – Montagnes District • 1 ♀; Danané ; [7°16ʹ N, 8°10ʹ W]; Jan. 1939; L. Chopard leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; same locality as for preceding; Dec. 1930 – Apr. 1931; Ch. Alluaud and P.A. Chappuis leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Vallée du Bandama District • 1 ♀; Bouaké ; [7°41ʹ N, 5°01ʹ W]; 1977; P.M. Elsen leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO • 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Odzala-Kokoua National Park ; [0°48ʹ N, 14°55ʹ59.88ʺ E]; Oct. 1963; A. Descarpentries and A. Villiers leg.; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Kouilou Department • 1 ♂; Dimonika , Makaba; [4°07ʹ59ʺ S, 12°21ʹ E]; 28 Feb. 1978; J.-J. Menier leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mvouti ; [4°14ʹ47ʺ S, 12°29ʹ20ʺ E]; 17 Feb. 1978; J.J. Menier leg.; MNHN. – GoogleMaps Lékoumou Department • 1 ♀; Mbouloupambou ; [2°32ʹ26.16ʺ S, 13°32ʹ45.96ʺ E]; 22 Apr. 1980; C. Morin leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

RWANDA – Western Province • 1 ♀; Ishwa, Lake Albert ; [2°23ʹ04ʺ S, 28°55ʹ58ʺ E]; Sep. 1935; H.J. Brédo leg.; MRAC GoogleMaps .

SENEGAL – Kaolack Region • 3 ♀♀; Saboya, Nioro ; [13°37ʹ10ʺ N, 16°04ʹ58ʺ W]; 1 Aug. 1967; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Thiès Region • 1 ♀; Ft. de Bandia ; [14°37ʹ25ʺ N, 17°01ʹ40ʺ W]; 4 Oct. 1967; MNHN GoogleMaps .

SIERRA LEONE • 1 ♀; W.G. Clements leg.; BMNH 1 ♂; ZMB 1 ♀; Dumballa ; 7 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH 1 ♀; Yorke ; 30 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH. – Eastern Province • 2 ♀♀; Hangha; [7°56ʹ23ʺ N, 11°08ʹ28ʺ W]; 3 Jul. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Northern Province • 1 ♂; Kumrabai ; [8°32ʹ02ʺ N, 12°05ʹ33ʺ W]; 21 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH. – GoogleMaps Southern Province • 1 ♀; Bo ; [7°57ʹ53ʺ N, 11°44ʹ18ʺ W]; 2 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Mongheri ; [8°19ʹ14ʺ N, 11°44ʹ03ʺ W]; 15 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 1 ♀; Moyamba ; [8°09ʹ32ʺ N, 12°25ʹ54ʺ W]; 26 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Rotifunk ; [8°14ʹ N, 12°41ʹ W]; 14 Oct. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 2 ♀♀; Sembehun ; [7°46ʹ36ʺ N, 11°43ʹ38ʺ W]; 28 Sep. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps 3 ♀♀; Senahu ; [8°08ʹ48ʺ N, 12°36ʹ23ʺ W]; 13 Oct. 1912; J.J. Simpson leg.; BMNH GoogleMaps .

TOGO • 2 ♀♀, paralectotypes of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; “ Togo Hinterland ”; 8 and 15 May 1889; E. Kling leg.; ZMB. – Centrale Region • 1 ♀, paralectotype of Sphex nigripes var. volubilis Kohl, 1895 ; Bismarckburg (near Yégué); 30 Jun.–3 Jul. 1893; L. Conradt leg.; ZMB. – Plateaux Region • 1 ♀; Ikavi-Kopé, Ekébe River ; 7°36ʹ10ʺ N, 0°44ʹ31ʺ E; 21 Apr. 2008; J. Oehlke leg.; coll. Jacobs. GoogleMaps

UGANDA – Eastern Region • 1 ♀; Mbale–Kumi Road, 3700 ft S of Lake Salisbury; [1°33ʹ33ʺ N, 33°57ʹ15ʺ E]; 15–17 Aug. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps . – Western Region • 1 ♀; Fort Portal Road, Mbarara, Southern Toro ; [0°36ʹ48ʺ S, 30°39ʹ30ʺ E]; 22–24 Oct. 1911; S.A. Neave leg.; MNHN GoogleMaps .

Description

Female

SIZE. 24.3–24.9 mm.

COLOR. Black except for the following, which are ferruginous: basal half of mandible, clypeus, scape, pedicel, legs from apical fourth of femur onward excluding apical half of claw and apical metasomal segment. Wings fuscous, with violet-bluish iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus and paraocular area ferruginous-golden, on collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area, collar, scutum and propodeal enclosure black. Erect propodeal setae oriented perpendicularly, slightly curved towards anterior. Lower center of clypeus glabrous. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially with broad, notched tooth, stepped above. Clypeus without distinct indentation or carina. Scutellum convex. Metanotum slightly raised, not notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Foretarsomere I 2.9–3.3× length of antepenultimate spine. Petiole length 2.5–2.6× its medial width.

Male

SIZE. 19.2–23.5 mm.

COLOR. Black except for basal half of mandible and hindtibia, which are ferruginous. Fore- and hindwing slightly, their apical margin more conspicuously fuscous, forewing with violet iridescence.

VESTITURE. Appressed setae on clypeus and paraocular area silvery, on collar black, on scutum and propodeal enclosure silvery or black. Erect setae on clypeus, paraocular area and collar black, on scutum usually silvery, on propodeal enclosure black or sometimes silvery. Erect propodeal setae oriented

perpendicularly, slightly curved towards anterior. Clypeus glabrous only near free margin. Scutellum densely and coarsely pubescent.

STRUCTURE. Free clypeal margin medially with tooth emerging from inner side. Scutellum convex. Metanotum slightly raised, not notably bituberculate. 2 nd recurrent vein joins slightly proximal from interstitium between submarginal cells II and III. Propodeal enclosure without any notable ridges. Posterior margin of metasomal tergum VII convex. Posterior margin of metasomal sternum VII simple, of metasomal sternum VIII triangular. Petiole length 2.1–2.4 × its medial width. Flagellomere V with narrow placoid covering its proximal four-fifths.

Variation

The female clypeus, flagellum, tarsi and metasomal apex can be ferruginous or black to a varying extent. In males, the erect scutal and propodeal setae are silvery or black to a varying extent, though there are always at least some silvery scutal setae.

Distribution

Western to central Africa.

Remarks

Kohl did not properly label the types of S. nigripes var. volubilis , and they are only indicated by the locality notes in the original description, where twelve specimens from four more or less well-defined areas are mentioned ( Cameroon, Togo Hinterland, “Chûtes de Samlia”, “Grand Bana”). We were able to find a few specimens from matching regions that have identification labels by Kohl, and in conjunction with the remaining specimens of this species in the ZMB from the same series, or other specimens there that were collected before 1895 in Cameroon or Togo, their number amounts exactly to ten. There is only one specimen from the type series (from “Chûtes de Samlia”) in the IRSN, and under the assumption that there was only one from “Grand Bana” as well (the specimen was thought to be deposited in the NHMW, but is apparently not there), those ten ZMB specimens would likely constitute the remainder of the syntypes.

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

TMP

Taiwan [Republic of China], Taipei, Taiwan Provincial Museum

ZMB

Germany, Berlin, Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

IRSN

Belgium, Brussels, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

RMNH

Netherlands, Leiden, Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum ("Naturalis") [formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie]

TMP

Transvaal Museum

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

IRSN

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Vespidae

Genus

Sphex

Loc

Sphex haemorrhoidalis Fabricius, 1781

Dörfel, Thorleif H. & Ohl, Michael 2022
2022
Loc

Sphex nigripes var. volubilis

Turner R. E. 1912: 369
Kohl F. F. 1895: 64
1895
Loc

Sphex haemorrhoidalis

Fabricius J. C. 1781: 443
1781