Camponotus substitutus Emery 1894,

Wild, Alexander L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 49

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.179222

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C2878B-FFF6-FFF2-F3D4-D4CB35D7FA2D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Camponotus substitutus Emery 1894
status

 

Camponotus substitutus Emery 1894  c.

Camponotus melanoticus  var. substitutus Emery 1894: 3  . [w syntypes examined, MCSN; Salinus, S. Beni, Bolivia (Balzan)].

Camponotus landolti  r. substitutus Emery. Forel 1899 c: 136  .

Camponotus melanoticus  var. multipilis Forel 1907 d: 10  . NEW SYNONYMY. [w, m, q syntypes examined, MHNG; Estancia Postillón, Puerto Max a. Rio Paraguay, N. Paraguay (Louis Des Arts jr.)]

Camponotus (Myrmoturba) melanoticus  var. multipilis Forel. Bruch 1914: 229  .

Camponotus (Myrmoturba) melanoticus  subsp. substitutus Emery. Bruch 1914: 229  .

Camponotus maculatus  st. substitutus Emery. Santschi 1916: 396  .

Camponotus fumidus  st. substitutus Emery. Santschi 1922 b: 101  .

Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) substitutus Emery. Emery 1925: 82  .

Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) substitutus  var. multipilis Forel. Emery 1925: 83  .

Camponotus substitutus  is among the more commonly encountered Camponotus  in open and disturbed habitats, particularly in the chaco and near the Rio Paraguay in eastern Paraguay. This ant can be distinguished from other large Paraguayan Camponotus  ( Tanaemyrmex  ) by the following combination of character states: numerous (> 20) suberect to subdecumbent setae on the sides of the head in the major  caste; scape of the major  simple, not flattened at base; and striking bicoloration in all female castes, with gastric tergites 1-3 (=abd. tergites 3-6) bearing yellowish-white antero-lateral spots contrasting with a dark brown to black central area. Forel’s types of C. substitutus multipilis  are more pilose than most Paraguayan collections of C. substitutus  , but still within the range of variation of the species. As I can find no other characters that distinguish C. multipilis  from C. substitutus  I synonymize it here.

MCSN

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria

NEW

University of Newcastle

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Camponotus

Loc

Camponotus substitutus Emery 1894

Wild, Alexander L. 2007
2007
Loc

Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) substitutus

Emery. Emery 1925: 82
1925
Loc

var. multipilis

Forel. Emery 1925: 83
1925
Loc

substitutus

Emery. Santschi 1922: 101
1922
Loc

substitutus

Emery. Santschi 1916: 396
1916
Loc

var. multipilis

Forel. Bruch 1914: 229
1914
Loc

substitutus

Emery. Bruch 1914: 229
1914
Loc

var. multipilis

Forel 1907: 10
1907
Loc

substitutus

Emery. Forel 1899: 136
1899
Loc

var. substitutus

Emery 1894: 3
1894