Gauromydas heros (Perty)

Calhau, Julia, Lamas, Carlos José Einicker & Nihei, Silvio Shigueo, 2015, Review of the Gauromydas giant flies (Insecta, Diptera, Mydidae), with descriptions of two new species from Central and South America, Zootaxa 4048 (3), pp. 392-411: 400

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4048.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BDDE455C-B9FE-4037-AA21-FB130C07FE63

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C387E6-FFE8-FFE9-FF4D-7728FB9BFEDE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gauromydas heros (Perty)
status

 

Gauromydas heros (Perty) 

( Figs 1View FIGURE 1. A C, H, 4 J, 5 I, 6)

Mydas heros Perty, 1833: 183  , pl. 36, fig. 11. Type-locality: Brazil, Bahia. Westwood, 1841: 50; Walker, 1854: 363; Gerstaecker, 1868: 94; Hunter, 1901: 154 (cat.); Kertész, 1909: 38 (cat.); Zikan, 1942: 1 –7 (biol., descr. of pupa), 1944: 43, figs 1 –3, 6; Carrera, 1944: 440; d’Andretta, 1951: 17, figs 3, 29, 61, 62, 66 –69, 89, 95, 106–109, 111 – 113, 136, 139, 151, 187 – 189, 200 – 202; Autuori, 1952: 127, 1971: 76 (biol.); Wilcox & Papavero, 1971: figs 1 –2, 99– 101, 107. Holotype ♂, ZSMC.

Gauromydas heros: Wilcox et al., 1989: 105  (n. comb.); Artigas & Papavero, 1990: figs 43–45 (spermathecae); Papavero & Artigas, 1990: 122 (cat.); Papavero, 2009: 11 (cat.); Papavero & Artigas, 2009: 1, 15, 36, 38, figs 1 A,B, 2 B, 146, 152 – 154 (manual).

Mydas praegrandis Austen, 1909: 130  (1910: 17, pl. 15, fig. 4). Type-locality: Brazil, Paraná. Rotschild, 1910: 461 (mimicry with Pepsis heros (Fabricius)  , 1798, Hymenoptera  , Pompilidae  ); Bezzi, 1917: 289 ( Mydas  ). Holotype ♀, BMNH.

Diagnosis. Antenna 1.4 times longer than head width; postpedicel often orange, but sometimes with proximal portion black; proximal and distal portions subequal in length; distal portion of postpedicel 5 times longer than wide. Scutum velvety black with four discrete white pruinose stripes (not seen in several old specimens). Male hind femur 2.5 times wider than hind tibia. Hind tibia with well-developed ventral keel and apical spur. Hind tarsomere 1 two times longer than wide, and slightly shorter than tarsomere 5. T 1 velvety –black, golden or black setulose, remaining tergites with black setulae. Wing membrane whitish (more often), brown or orange, with apex and posterior margin hyaline; alula higher than wide. T 2–7 black, with or without a faint green metallic reflection. Male epandrial lamellae trapezoidal with external posterior extremity distinctly prolonged as a spine; phallic crest and lateral projections conspicuous. Female terminalia with membranous furca ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 I). Length: 32–70 mm.

Distribution ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6, Table 1). Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), Paraguay (Concepción).

Non-type material examined. BRAZIL. Espírito Santo: Anchieta, R. Baptista col., AAM –001405, AAM – 0 0 1487 (2 ♂, MZUSP); Barra de São Matheos, 14.ix. 1927, João Henrique R. col., AAM –001513 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Colatina  , 25.iv. 1964, C. Elias col., 206604 (1 ♀, DZUP); Colatina  , 25.iv. 1964, C. Elias col., 206611 (1 ♀, DZUP); Fundão, 01.v. 1964, C. Elias col., 206645 (1 ♂, DZUP); Linhares, iii. 1978, M.A. Monn col. (1 ♀, MNRJ); Reserva Santa Teresa, AAM –001512 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Santa Teresa, C.T. Elias & C. Elias cols (1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 20.x. 1964 (1 ♂, DZUP); same data, 1.i. 1967, C.T. Elias & C. Elias cols (1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 28.iii. 1967 (1 ♂, DZUP); same data, 5.iv. 1967 (4 ♂, DZUP); São João de Petrópolis, iii. 1955, P. Teles, F. Oliveira cols (2 ♂, CEIOC); Serra, Jacareípe, 18.ii. 1967, C. & C.T. Elias cols (1 ♂, DZUP). Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães, 18.iv. 1995, F. Borges col., AAM –001554 (1 ♂, UFMT). Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães, Parque Nacional, Mata Ciliar, Trilha da Cachoeira Véu da Noiva, S 15 24 ' 33,0'' W055 50 ' 54,9'', Malaise 16, 09.iii- 13.iv. 2012, Lamas, Nihei & eq. col. (1 ♂, MZUSP). Mato Grosso do Sul: Serra da Bodoquena, Fazenda Califórnia, Topo, S 20 41 ' 55,9'' W056 52 ' 49,4'' - Malaise 6 - 21.iii-06.iv. 2012, Lamas, Nihei & eq. col., (1 ♀, MZUSP). Minas Gerais: Araxá, 10.iii. 1965, C. Elias col. (1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 22.iii. 1965 (1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 1.iv. 1965 (6 ♂, DZUP); same data, 5.v. 1965 (2 ♀, DZUP); same data, 6.v. 1965, C. Elias col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 15.v. 1965 (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 20.v. 1965 (1 ♂, DZUP); Belo Horizonte, Campus UFMG, 3.iv. 1996, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, Fontenelle); same data, 2.v. 1996 (1 ♂, Fontenelle); Belo Horizonte, Lagoa da Pampulha, 14.v. 1996, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); Cambuquira, ii. 1941, Lopes & Gomes cols (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data (2 ♂, MNRJ); Cataguases, 1.iv. 1988, C.S. Andrade col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUP); Caxambu, ii. 1971, J. Jurberg, A.L. Peracchi cols (1 ♀, CEIOC); Ingaí, Estação Ecológica do Boqueirão, iv. 2009, F. Friero col. (3 ♂, 1 ♀, MZUSP); Lavras, Penido col. (1 ♂, MZUSP); Mar de Espanha, 26.i. 1908, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 24.ii. 1908 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 29.iii. 1908 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 28.ii. 1909 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 10.iv. 1910 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 2.xi. 1911 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Marliéria, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Porto Capim, 8.ii. 2003, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); same data, 12.iii. 2003 (1 ♂, Fontenelle); same data, 2.xi. 2011, A.P. Pinto, G. da Silva cols, AAM –001407 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Paracatu, 20.ii. 1919, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Passa Quatro, 24.ii. 1922 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Passa Quatro, 13.iv. 1922 (1 ♂, MNRJ); Passos, 1.iv. 1961 C. Elias, col. (1 ♂, DZUP); same data, 1.v. 1961 (1 ♀, DZUP); same data, 1.iv. 1962 (1 ♂, DZUP); São João del Rey, 9.iv. 1921 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Varginha, iv. 1956 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Viçosa, iii. 1964, J. Rocha col. (1 ♂, MZUSP). Paraná: Curitiba, 1.xii. 1962, S. Laroca col. (1 ♀, DZUP); Paulo Frontin, Matas de Santa Rita, Estrada para Sacra Família, 5.ii. 1956, N. Santos col. (1 ♂, MNRJ). Rio de Janeiro: Cavanca [ilha de Paquet, praia da Cavanca], 12.i. 1926 (1 ♂, DZUP); Estrada Rio –São Paulo, 21.v. 1954, J.F. Zikán (1 ♂, MNRJ); Formoso, Serra da Bocaina, 28.ii. 1915 (1 ♂, CEIOC); G. Manuel Pereira, Estação Queimados, iv. 1960, A. Xanchão col. (1 ♂, MNRJ); Grajaú, 2.ii. 1942, E.L. Ferreira col. (1 ♀, MZUSP); Itaguaí, Estrada Rio –São Paulo, km 47, ii. 1964, P. Ide col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, MNRJ); Itatiaia, 23.iii. 1924, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 27.ii. 1929 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 21.i. 1930 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 27.iii. 1930 (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 30.i. 1933 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 15.ii. 1933 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 3.iii. 1933 (1 ♂, MNRJ); same data, 15.iii. 1934 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 19.iii. 1934 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 9.ii. 1936 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1937 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1937 (3 ♂, 1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 26.i. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 15.iv. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 9.xi. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 13.ii. 1939 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 10.v. 1940 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1941 (3 ♂, 2 ♀, CEIOC); same data, iv. 1941 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, i. 1942 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1942 (4 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1942 (7 ♂, 1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 2.viii. 1942 (1 ♂, DZUP); same data, 30.iii. 1943, same data (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, iv. 1943 (4 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 23.ii. 1944 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1944 (6 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1945 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 26.ii. 1945 (1 ♂, MNRJ); same data, 2.iii. 1945 (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 8.iii. 1950 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 25.iii. 1973 (1 ♀, MZUSP); Itatiaia, Mont –Serrat (cercanias), 2.iii. 1921, B. Lobo col. (1 ♀, MNRJ); Niterói, x. 1962, H. Fontainha col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Niterói, 5.iv. 1905, Machado col., AAM –001524 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Niterói, 12.viii. 1932, P. Burnheim col., AAM –001525 (1 ♀, MZUSP); Niterói, 28.ii. 1935, AAM –001521 (1 ♀, MZUSP); Niterói, 24.iv. 1935, M. A. Amuso col., AAM – 0 0 1523 (1 ♀, MZUSP); Niterói, 21.xi. 1979, AAM –001522 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Paty do Alferes, ii. 1936, Ulysses Lopes col. (1 ♀, CEIOC); Petrópolis (1 ♀, MNRJ); Represa Covanca (1 ♂, MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, 12.iv. 1905, V. M. Ribeiro col. (1 ♂, MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, J. Muiz col., AAM –001526 (1 ♀, MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Copacabana, 26.ii. 2009, D. Takyia col., AAM –001381 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Jacarepaguá, 1.vi. 1964, O. Mielke col. (1 ♂, DZUP); Rio de Janeiro, Jacarepaguá, 9.iv. 1905, J.R. Allen col. (1 ♂, MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, Manguinhos, 17.iii. 1922 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Rio de Janeiro, Manguinhos, 25.ii. 1928 (1 ♀, CEIOC); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, est. Senzala, 26.iii. 1998, E.S. Lopes & G.G. Viana cols, AAM –001518 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, est. Senzala, 15.iv. 1998, G. G. Viana col., AAM –001519 (1 ♂ MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, gruta da Santa, 25.iii. 1999, J.R. Pujol –Luz col., AAM –001517 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, subida da Armação, 15.v. 1985, R. Xerez, AAM –001520 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Serra do J. Gvaio [?] E. F. E. B (1 ♂, DZUP); Rio de Janeiro, 1.ii. 1953, E. Stolz col. (1 ♀, DZUP). São Paulo: Angatuba, iii. 1917, Azevedo Marques col. (1 ♀, MNRJ); Atibaia, ii. 1951 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Barueri, 6.iii. 1956 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Barueri, 20.iii. 1958, K. Lenko col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Cajuru, Fazenda Rio Grande, 13.iv. 2001, G. Melo & M. C. Gaglianone cols. (1 ♂, DZUP); Cantareira, 27.iv. 2007 (1 ♂, MNRJ); Itaquaquecetuba, AAM –001560 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Jabaquara, iii. 1939, H. Zellibor col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Luiz Antônio, Reserva Jata, AAM –001527– 8 (2 ♂, MZUSP); Monte Alegre [do Sul], Faz. Bom Jesus, iii. 1944, Lima col. (1 ♂, MZUSP); Osasco, AAM –001529 (1 ♂, MZUSP); Poá, i. 1963, Rabelo (1 ♀, MZUSP); Poá, v. 1964 Rabelo col. MZUSP (1 ♂, MZUSP); Represa Rio Grande [Billings], iii. 1961, F.M. Oliveira col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data (1 ♂, MNRJ); same data, iii. 1963 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Rio Claro, Horto Navarro Andrade, 15.ii. 1988, R.P. Martins col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); São Paulo, iv. 1925 (1 ♂, CEIOC).

ZSMC

Zoologische Staatssammlung

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Mydidae

Genus

Gauromydas

Loc

Gauromydas heros (Perty)

Calhau, Julia, Lamas, Carlos José Einicker & Nihei, Silvio Shigueo 2015
2015
Loc

Gauromydas heros: Wilcox et al., 1989 : 105

Papavero 2009: 1
Papavero 1990: 122
Wilcox 1989: 105
1990
Loc

Mydas praegrandis

Bezzi 1917: 289
Rotschild 1910: 461
Austen 1909: 130
1910
Loc

Mydas heros

Autuori 1952: 127
d'Andretta 1951: 17
Carrera 1944: 440
Zikan 1942: 1
Kertesz 1909: 38
Hunter 1901: 154
Gerstaecker 1868: 94
Walker 1854: 363
Westwood 1841: 50
Perty 1833: 183
1841