Gauromydas heros (Perty)

Calhau, Julia, Lamas, Carlos José Einicker & Nihei, Silvio Shigueo, 2015, Review of the Gauromydas giant flies (Insecta, Diptera, Mydidae), with descriptions of two new species from Central and South America, Zootaxa 4048 (3), pp. 392-411: 400

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4048.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BDDE455C-B9FE-4037-AA21-FB130C07FE63

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C387E6-FFE8-FFE9-FF4D-7728FB9BFEDE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gauromydas heros (Perty)
status

 

Gauromydas heros (Perty) 

( Figs 1View FIGURE 1. A C, H, 4 J, 5 I, 6)

Mydas heros Perty, 1833: 183  , pl. 36, fig. 11. Type-locality: Brazil, Bahia. Westwood, 1841: 50; Walker, 1854: 363; Gerstaecker, 1868: 94; Hunter, 1901: 154 (cat.); Kertész, 1909: 38 (cat.); Zikan, 1942: 1 –7 (biol., descr. of pupa), 1944: 43, figs 1 –3, 6; Carrera, 1944: 440; d’Andretta, 1951: 17, figs 3, 29, 61, 62, 66 –69, 89, 95, 106–109, 111 – 113, 136, 139, 151, 187 – 189, 200 – 202; Autuori, 1952: 127, 1971: 76 (biol.); Wilcox & Papavero, 1971: figs 1 –2, 99– 101, 107. Holotype ♂, ZSMCAbout ZSMC.

Gauromydas heros: Wilcox et al., 1989: 105  (n. comb.); Artigas & Papavero, 1990: figs 43–45 (spermathecae); Papavero & Artigas, 1990: 122 (cat.); Papavero, 2009: 11 (cat.); Papavero & Artigas, 2009: 1, 15, 36, 38, figs 1 A,B, 2 B, 146, 152 – 154 (manual).

Mydas praegrandis Austen, 1909: 130  (1910: 17, pl. 15, fig. 4). Type-locality: Brazil, Paraná. Rotschild, 1910: 461 (mimicry with Pepsis heros (Fabricius)  , 1798, Hymenoptera  , Pompilidae  ); Bezzi, 1917: 289 ( Mydas  ). Holotype ♀, BMNH.

Diagnosis. Antenna 1.4 times longer than head width; postpedicel often orange, but sometimes with proximal portion black; proximal and distal portions subequal in length; distal portion of postpedicel 5 times longer than wide. Scutum velvety black with four discrete white pruinose stripes (not seen in several old specimens). Male hind femur 2.5 times wider than hind tibia. Hind tibia with well-developed ventral keel and apical spur. Hind tarsomere 1 two times longer than wide, and slightly shorter than tarsomere 5. T 1 velvety–black, golden or black setulose, remaining tergites with black setulae. Wing membrane whitish (more often), brown or orange, with apex and posterior margin hyaline; alula higher than wide. T 2–7 black, with or without a faint green metallic reflection. Male epandrial lamellae trapezoidal with external posterior extremity distinctly prolonged as a spine; phallic crest and lateral projections conspicuous. Female terminalia with membranous furca ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 I). Length: 32–70 mm.

Distribution ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6, Table 1). Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), Paraguay (Concepción).

Non-type material examined. BRAZIL. Espírito Santo: Anchieta, R. Baptista col., AAM–001405, AAM– 0 0 1487 (2 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Barra de São Matheos, 14.ix. 1927, João Henrique R. col., AAM–001513 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Colatina  , 25.iv. 1964, C. Elias col., 206604 (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); Colatina  , 25.iv. 1964, C. Elias col., 206611 (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); Fundão, 01.v. 1964, C. Elias col., 206645 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Linhares, iii. 1978, M.A. Monn col. (1 ♀, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Reserva Santa Teresa, AAM–001512 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Santa Teresa, C.T. Elias & C. Elias cols (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 20.x. 1964 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 1.i. 1967, C.T. Elias & C. Elias cols (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 28.iii. 1967 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 5.iv. 1967 (4 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); São João de Petrópolis, iii. 1955, P. Teles, F. Oliveira cols (2 ♂, CEIOC); Serra, Jacareípe, 18.ii. 1967, C. & C.T. Elias cols (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP). Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães, 18.iv. 1995, F. Borges col., AAM–001554 (1 ♂, UFMT). Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães, Parque Nacional, Mata Ciliar, Trilha da Cachoeira Véu da Noiva, S 15 24 ' 33,0'' W055 50 ' 54,9'', Malaise 16, 09.iii- 13.iv. 2012, Lamas, Nihei & eq. col. (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Mato Grosso do Sul: Serra da Bodoquena, Fazenda Califórnia, Topo, S 20 41 ' 55,9'' W056 52 ' 49,4'' - Malaise 6 - 21.iii-06.iv. 2012, Lamas, Nihei & eq. col., (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Minas Gerais: Araxá, 10.iii. 1965, C. Elias col. (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 22.iii. 1965 (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 1.iv. 1965 (6 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 5.v. 1965 (2 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 6.v. 1965, C. Elias col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 15.v. 1965 (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 20.v. 1965 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Belo Horizonte, Campus UFMGAbout UFMG, 3.iv. 1996, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, Fontenelle); same data, 2.v. 1996 (1 ♂, Fontenelle); Belo Horizonte, Lagoa da Pampulha, 14.v. 1996, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); Cambuquira, ii. 1941, Lopes & Gomes cols (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data (2 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Cataguases, 1.iv. 1988, C.S. Andrade col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); Caxambu, ii. 1971, J. Jurberg, A.L. Peracchi cols (1 ♀, CEIOC); Ingaí, Estação Ecológica do Boqueirão, iv. 2009, F. Friero col. (3 ♂, 1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Lavras, Penido col. (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Mar de Espanha, 26.i. 1908, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 24.ii. 1908 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 29.iii. 1908 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 28.ii. 1909 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 10.iv. 1910 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 2.xi. 1911 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Marliéria, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Porto Capim, 8.ii. 2003, J.C.R. Fontenelle col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); same data, 12.iii. 2003 (1 ♂, Fontenelle); same data, 2.xi. 2011, A.P. Pinto, G. da Silva cols, AAM–001407 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Paracatu, 20.ii. 1919, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Passa Quatro, 24.ii. 1922 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Passa Quatro, 13.iv. 1922 (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Passos, 1.iv. 1961 C. Elias, col. (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 1.v. 1961 (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 1.iv. 1962 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); São João del Rey, 9.iv. 1921 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Varginha, iv. 1956 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Viçosa, iii. 1964, J. Rocha col. (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP). Paraná: Curitiba, 1.xii. 1962, S. Laroca col. (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); Paulo Frontin, Matas de Santa Rita, Estrada para Sacra Família, 5.ii. 1956, N. Santos col. (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ). Rio de Janeiro: Cavanca [ilha de Paquet, praia da Cavanca], 12.i. 1926 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Estrada Rio–São Paulo, 21.v. 1954, J.F. Zikán (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Formoso, Serra da Bocaina, 28.ii. 1915 (1 ♂, CEIOC); G. Manuel Pereira, Estação Queimados, iv. 1960, A. Xanchão col. (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Grajaú, 2.ii. 1942, E.L. Ferreira col. (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Itaguaí, Estrada Rio–São Paulo, km 47, ii. 1964, P. Ide col. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Itatiaia, 23.iii. 1924, J.F. Zikán col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 27.ii. 1929 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 21.i. 1930 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 27.iii. 1930 (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 30.i. 1933 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 15.ii. 1933 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 3.iii. 1933 (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); same data, 15.iii. 1934 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 19.iii. 1934 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 9.ii. 1936 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1937 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1937 (3 ♂, 1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 26.i. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 15.iv. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 9.xi. 1938 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 13.ii. 1939 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 10.v. 1940 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1941 (3 ♂, 2 ♀, CEIOC); same data, iv. 1941 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, i. 1942 (2 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1942 (4 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1942 (7 ♂, 1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 2.viii. 1942 (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); same data, 30.iii. 1943, same data (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, iv. 1943 (4 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 23.ii. 1944 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, iii. 1944 (6 ♂, CEIOC); same data, ii. 1945 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 26.ii. 1945 (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); same data, 2.iii. 1945 (1 ♀, CEIOC); same data, 8.iii. 1950 (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data, 25.iii. 1973 (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Itatiaia, Mont–Serrat (cercanias), 2.iii. 1921, B. Lobo col. (1 ♀, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Niterói, x. 1962, H. Fontainha col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Niterói, 5.iv. 1905, Machado col., AAM–001524 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Niterói, 12.viii. 1932, P. Burnheim col., AAM–001525 (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Niterói, 28.ii. 1935, AAM–001521 (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Niterói, 24.iv. 1935, M. A. Amuso col., AAM– 0 0 1523 (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Niterói, 21.xi. 1979, AAM–001522 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Paty do Alferes, ii. 1936, Ulysses Lopes col. (1 ♀, CEIOC); Petrópolis (1 ♀, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Represa Covanca (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, 12.iv. 1905, V. M. Ribeiro col. (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, J. Muiz col., AAM–001526 (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Copacabana, 26.ii. 2009, D. Takyia col., AAM–001381 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Jacarepaguá, 1.vi. 1964, O. Mielke col. (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Rio de Janeiro, Jacarepaguá, 9.iv. 1905, J.R. Allen col. (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro, Manguinhos, 17.iii. 1922 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Rio de Janeiro, Manguinhos, 25.ii. 1928 (1 ♀, CEIOC); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, est. Senzala, 26.iii. 1998, E.S. Lopes & G.G. Viana cols, AAM–001518 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, est. Senzala, 15.iv. 1998, G. G. Viana col., AAM–001519 (1 ♂ MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, gruta da Santa, 25.iii. 1999, J.R. Pujol–Luz col., AAM–001517 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Rio de Janeiro, Marambaia, subida da Armação, 15.v. 1985, R. Xerez, AAM–001520 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Serra do J. Gvaio [?] E. F. E. B (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Rio de Janeiro, 1.ii. 1953, E. Stolz col. (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP). São Paulo: Angatuba, iii. 1917, Azevedo Marques col. (1 ♀, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Atibaia, ii. 1951 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Barueri, 6.iii. 1956 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Barueri, 20.iii. 1958, K. Lenko col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Cajuru, Fazenda Rio Grande, 13.iv. 2001, G. Melo & M. C. Gaglianone cols. (1 ♂, DZUPAbout DZUP); Cantareira, 27.iv. 2007 (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); Itaquaquecetuba, AAM–001560 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Jabaquara, iii. 1939, H. Zellibor col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); Luiz Antônio, Reserva Jata, AAM–001527– 8 (2 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Monte Alegre [do Sul], Faz. Bom Jesus, iii. 1944, Lima col. (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Osasco, AAM–001529 (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Poá, i. 1963, Rabelo (1 ♀, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Poá, v. 1964 Rabelo col. MZUSPAbout MZUSP (1 ♂, MZUSPAbout MZUSP); Represa Rio Grande [Billings], iii. 1961, F.M. Oliveira col. (1 ♂, CEIOC); same data (1 ♂, MNRJAbout MNRJ); same data, iii. 1963 (1 ♂, CEIOC); Rio Claro, Horto Navarro Andrade, 15.ii. 1988, R.P. Martins col. (1 ♂, Fontenelle); São Paulo, iv. 1925 (1 ♂, CEIOC).

ZSMC

Zoologische Staatssammlung

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Mydidae

Genus

Gauromydas

Loc

Gauromydas heros (Perty)

Calhau, Julia, Lamas, Carlos José Einicker & Nihei, Silvio Shigueo 2015

2015
Loc

Gauromydas heros: Wilcox et al., 1989 : 105

Papavero 2009: 1
Papavero 1990: 122Wilcox 1989: 105

1990
Loc

Mydas praegrandis

Bezzi 1917: 289
Rotschild 1910: 461Austen 1909: 130

1910
Loc

Mydas heros

Autuori 1952: 127
d'Andretta 1951: 17
Carrera 1944: 440
Zikan 1942: 1
Kertesz 1909: 38
Hunter 1901: 154
Gerstaecker 1868: 94
Walker 1854: 363
Westwood 1841: 50Perty 1833: 183

1841