Uaiuara quyguaba , Rheims, Cristina A., 2013

Rheims, Cristina A., 2013, A new genus of huntsman spiders (Araneae, Sparassidae, Sparianthinae) from the Neotropical region, Zootaxa 3734 (2), pp. 199-220: 216-219

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3734.2.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BC10987-3883-44BD-9274-22D961B6336C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C72C23-FF98-FFCE-FF22-FA61FC52109E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Uaiuara quyguaba
status

sp. nov.

Uaiuara quyguaba  sp. nov.

Figs 13 –14View FIGURES 13 – 14, 56–56View FIGURES 53 – 56, 59View FIGURE 59

Type material. Holotype: ♂ from Reserva da LBA (Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment) (02° 36 ’ 32 ”S, 60 ° 12 ’ 33 ”W), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil, 8 December 2004, S.M. Ketelhut et al. leg. (INPA-AR 5902). Paratypes: 1 ♀, from the same locality as holotype, 28 March 2006, F.B. Baccaro et al. leg. (INPA-AR 5908); 1 ♀, Fazenda Dimona (02° 20 ’S, 60 °05’W), 16 August 2005, S.M. Ketelhut et al. leg. (INPA-AR 5904); 1 ♀, same locality, 27 February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 97270); 1 ♀, Reserva Colosso (02° 25 ’S, 59 ° 52 ’W), 28– 30 November 2001, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 97268); 1 ♂, Fazenda Experimental UFAM (02° 38 ’ 56 ”S, 60 °03’09”W), E.P. Franke & A.C.K. Silva leg. (UFAM); 1 ♀, Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke (02° 58 ’ 53 ”S, 59 ° 56 ’ 18 ”W), March 1998, R. Ott leg. (MCTP 14763), all from Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil; 1 ♀, Rio Tiqué, Igarapé Araça (00° 54 ’S, 68 ° 15 ’W), Amazonas, Brazil, 12–18 May 1982, B. Mascarenhas leg. (IBSP 20789); 1 ♀, Reserva Extrativista de Catuaba, Senador Guiomard (10 ° 10 ’S, 67 ° 50 ’W), Acre, Brazil, 2000–2002, E.F. Morato leg. (IBSP 137207).

Other material examined. BRASIL: Amapá: 1 ♂, Laranjal do Jari, Cachoeira de Santo Antonio (00° 49 ’S, 52 ° 24 ’W), 23 February 2003, D.D. Guimarães leg. (MPEG 365, destroyed). Amazonas: 5 ♂, 9 ♀, Rio Tiqué, Igarapé Araça (00° 54 ’S, 68 ° 15 ’W), 12–18 May 1982, B. Mascarenhas leg. (IBSP 20796 -20798, 20789-20790, 20792- 20794, all destroyed); 1 ♀, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Maturacá (00°07’S, 67 °05’W), 11 October 1990, A.A. Lise leg. (MCTP 1368, destroyed); 2 ♀, Manaus, Fazenda Dimona (02° 20 ’S, 60 °05’W), 27 February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (INPA, IBSP 55762, destroyed); 1 ♀, Manaus, Fazenda Porto Alegre (02° 20 ’S, 60 °00’W), 27 February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 55766, destroyed); 1 ♂, Manaus, Reserva Cabo Frio (02° 25 ’S, 59 ° 55 ’W), February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 55765, destroyed); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Manaus, Reserva Colosso (02° 25 ’S, 59 ° 52 ’W), 27 February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 55763, 55764, destroyed); 1 ♂, Manaus, Fazenda Esteio (02° 25 ’S, 59 ° 50 ’W), 17 August 1993, P. Vieira leg. (MCN 24990, destroyed); 2 ♀, same locality, February–March 1986, B.C. Klein leg. (INPA, destroyed); 1 ♀, Manaus, Reserva do Km 41 (02° 25 ’S, 58 ° 45 ’W), 27 February 2002, F.N.N.A. Rego leg. (IBSP 55767, destroyed), 1 ♂, same locality, July 2005, A.J. Santos leg. (IBSP 59770); 1 ♂, Manaus, Fazenda Experimental da UFAM (02° 38 ’ 56 ”S, 60 °03’09”W), E.P. Franke & A.C.K. Silva leg. (INPA, destroyed); 1 ♀, Manaus, Campus da UFAM (03°02’ 24 ”S, 59 ° 34 ’ 12 ”W), April 1979, G. Souza leg. (MCN 19294, destroyed). Pará: 1 ♀, Almeirim, Reserva Genética do Pacamari (01° 31 ’S, 52 ° 34 ’W), 14 February 2003, J.A.P. Barreiros leg. (MPEG 1152, destroyed). Acre: 1 ♀, Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor- Tabocão (07° 12 ’S, 72 ° 22 ’W), 17 November 1996, R.S. Vieira leg. (IBSP 9195, destroyed).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the Tupi Indian language that means “comb” and refers to the shape and setae of the retrolateral groove of the cymbium of the male palps.

Diagnosis. Males of Uaiuara quyguaba  sp. nov are distinguished from their congeners by the retrolateral groove very slightly longer than half the cymbium length, by a leaf-like projection at the retrolateral base of the cymbium and by the vRTA slightly horse-shoe shaped in ventral view ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 53 – 56). Females resemble those of U. barroana (Chamberlin)  comb. nov., U. palenque  sp. nov. and U. ope  sp. nov. by the subrectangular median septum of the epigyne ( Figs 35View FIGURES 33 – 36, 47View FIGURES 45 – 48, 51View FIGURES 49 – 52, 55View FIGURES 53 – 56) and by the very long and strongly convoluted Cp in the vulva ( Figs 36View FIGURES 33 – 36, 52View FIGURES 49 – 52, 48View FIGURES 45 – 48, 56View FIGURES 53 – 56). They are distinguished from the latter species by the Lp long, covering most of the Cp, with a slightly elongate gp arising at the junction of both parts of the duct ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 53 – 56).

Description. Male (UFAM, paratype): Prosoma brown, pale brown medially, with brown margins and brown fovea. Eye borders black. Chelicerae brown with faint darker brown longitudinal stripe. Legs and pedipalps yellowish brown ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 13 – 14). Sternum pale orange with brown margins. Labium and endites pale orange, distally yellow. Opisthosoma brown with dorsal pattern of densely arranged cream colored marks ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 13 – 14). Total length 3.5. Prosoma: 1.6 long, 1.4 wide. Opisthosoma: 1.8 long, 1.0 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.14, 0.12, 0.10, 0.10; interdistances: 0.08, 0.04, 0.12, 0.10, 0.10, 0.02. Legs: I: 6.3 (1.7, 0.7, 1.9, 1.5, 0.5); II: 6.4 (1.9, 0.7, 1.8, 1.5, 0.5); III: 5.2 (1.6, 0.6, 1.2, 1.4, 0.4); IV: 6.8 (1.8, 0.6, 1.6, 2.0, 0.8). Spination: femur I p 1 - 1 -0 r 1 - 1 -0; tibiae I–II v 6 pairs. Palp: tibia with one prolateral spine; dRTA conical, three times longer than vRTA; VTA small, slightly retrolateral; cymbium more than two times tibia length with retrolateral grove, flanked by strong setae; tegulum/subtegulum notch at 3 o’clock; tegulum flanked prolaterally by hyaline lamina, protruding slightly at the base of embolus and more developed at the base of conductor; embolus long and slender, arising at 5 o’clock ( Figs 53–54View FIGURES 53 – 56).

Female (IBSP 137207, paratype): Prosoma pale brown with brown eye area, brown margins and brown Ushaped pattern extending from cephalic region to posterior margin of prosoma. Chelicerae brown with pair of dark brown longitudinal stripes. Legs and pedipalps pale brown, legs with brown bands ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 13 – 14). Sternum pale orange with brown margins. Labium and endites pale orange, distally yellow. Opisthosoma cream colored with brown scattered marks ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 13 – 14). Total length 5.3. Prosoma: 1.9 long, 1.6 wide. Opisthosoma: 3.2 long, 1.7 wide. Eyes: diameters: 0.14, 0.12, 0.10, 0.12; interdistances: 0.10, 0.02, 0.12, 0.08, 0.08, 0.06. Legs: I: 6.2 (1.6, 0.7, 1.9, 1.5, 0.5); II: 6.4 (1.8, 0.7, 1.9, 1.5, 0.5); III: 5.3 (1.5, 0.6, 1.2, 1.5, 0.5); IV: 6.2 (1.6, 0.6, 1.5, 1.9, 0.6). Spination: femur I: p 1 - 1 -0; r 1 - 1 -0; tibiae I–II: 8 pairs; tibia III: p0, r0. Epigyne: epigynal field two times wider than long; lateral lobes with small, posterior triangular projections, not reaching in height the posterior margin of the median septum; median septum almost two times longer than wide, posteriorly convex ( Fig. 55View FIGURES 53 – 56). Vulva: Cp long and strongly convoluted; fertilization ducts short, thick and pointing away from each other ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 53 – 56).

Variation. Males (n = 8): total length 3.8 –6.0; prosoma length 1.9–2.5; femur I length 1.9–2.7. Females (n = 10): total length 4.6–7.1; prosoma length 2.1–2.8; femur I length 2.0– 2.8.

Distribution. Brazil (states of Amazonas, Pará and Amapá) ( Fig. 59View FIGURE 59).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Sparassidae

Genus

Uaiuara