Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus El-Badry

Abo-Shnaf, Reham I. A. & De, Gilberto J., 2014, Phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Egypt, with new records, descriptions of new species, and a key to species, Zootaxa 3865 (1), pp. 1-71: 43-46

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3865.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:CA1F0F7D-25A3-4084-8F2C-99AF9A45DFCC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C78780-886D-FFF3-FF00-F840FB1BFD04

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scientific name

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus El-Badry
status

 

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus El-Badry 

( Figs 57–63View FIGURES 57 – 63)

Typhlodromus egypticus El-Badry, 1967 a: 180  ; 1970: 498; Zaher, 1986: 134; Chant & McMurtry, 1994: 300.

Typhlodromus balanites El-Badry, 1967 b: 469  ; Zaher, 1986: 134 (new synonymy).

Amblydromella balanites  .— Moraes et al., 1986: 156.

Amblydromella egyptica  .— Moraes et al., 1986: 161.

Typhlodromus mangiferus Zaher & El-Brollosy  [sic], in Zaher, 1986: 132 (new synonymy).

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus  . — Ueckermann & Loots, 1988: 52; Chant & McMurtry, 1994: 254; Moraes et al., 2004: 322; Hernandes et al., 2012: 55.

Amblydromella (Amblydromella) balanites  . — Denmark & Welbourn, 2002: 307.

Amblydromella (Amblydromella) egyptica  . — Denmark & Welbourn, 2002: 307.

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) balanites  .— Moraes et al., 2004: 313; Chant & McMurtry, 2007: 152; Hernandes et al., 2012: 54. Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) mangiferus  . — Moraes et al., 2004: 336.

Female [holotypes of T. balanites  and T. mangiferus  (measurements mentioned in this order in square brackets), and eight additional females].

Dorsal shield mostly reticulate ( Fig. 57View FIGURES 57 – 63), smooth laterad of Z 4 and mesad of s 6; 339 (335–347) [374, 353] long and 187 (176–197) [203, 188] wide, with 18 pairs of setae, four pairs of pores and eleven pairs of lyrifissures. Setae j 1 23 (16–25) [26, 18], j 3 35 (30–40) [39, 38], j 4 26 (23–27) [26, 24], j 5 27 (25–31) [29, 26], j 6 39 (37–42) [42, 39], J 2 48 (42–51) [55, 47], J 5 12 (11–13) [12, 11], z 2 26 (23–28) [26, 23], z 3 36 (33–39) [39, 37], z 4 36 (33–39) [42, 36], z 5 29 (27–33) [29, 28], Z 4 63 (57–65) [68, 64], Z 5 58 (53–61) [65, 53], s 4 42 (38–46) [67, 43], s 6 55 (48–58) [57, 56], S 2 61 (50–64) [70, 61], S 4 64 (60–66) [70, 66], S 5 9 (7–10) [10, 10], r 3 30 (26–33) [31, 31], R 1 34 (30–40) [34, 33]. Dorsal setae smooth, except Z 5, serrate; most setae inserted on tubercles. Peritreme extending forward to level of j 1.

Venter ( Fig. 58View FIGURES 57 – 63). Sternal shield smooth, with posterior margin indistinct; with three pairs of setae. Distances between st 1 –st 1 46 (43–48) [46, 44], st 2 –st 2 58 (53–69) [55, 53], st 3 –st 3 74 (66–83) [81, 73], st 4 –st 4 88 (72–113) [109, 88]; st 4 inserted on platelets. Genital shield smooth; distance between st 5 –st 5 62 (58–66) [65, 62]. Ventrianal shield vase-shaped, smooth; 113 (101–119) [125, 118] long, 61 (55–65) [68, 64] wide at ZV 2 level and 62 (57–66) [70, 63] wide at level of anus; with four pairs of pre-anal setae and a pair of pre-anal pores posteromesad of JV 2. Seta JV 5 56 (52–57) [60, 55]. Ventral setae smooth. Two pairs of metapodal plates.

Spermatheca ( Fig. 60View FIGURES 57 – 63). Calyx of spermatheca cup-shaped, 14 (13–15) [17, 17] long; atrium distinct.

Gnathosoma. Corniculi slightly convergent distally; basal width of corniculus 5, distance between bases of corniculi 6. Movable cheliceral digit 22 (21–24) [23, 22] long, with 3 [3, 3] teeth ( Fig. 59View FIGURES 57 – 63); fixed digit 25 (24–25) [23, 23] long, with 4 [4, 4] teeth; dorsal and lateral lyrifissures distinct.

Legs. Macroseta sharp-tipped: St IV 36 (33–38) [39, 38] ( Fig. 61View FIGURES 57 – 63); chaetotaxy of genu II 2, 2/ 1, 2 / 0, 1; genu III 1, 2/ 1, 2 / 0, 1.

Male (one paratype of T. mangiferus  and two additional males).

Dorsal shield pattern as in female; 283, 251 [250] long and 187, 157 [164] wide. Setae j 1 21, 18 [17], j 3 31, 20 [23], j 4 23, 19 [19], j 5 23, 21 [18], j 6 29, 27 [25], J 2 34, 31 [29], J 5 10 [10], z 2 23, 22 [20], z 3 29, 27 [26], z 4 31, 28 [27], z 5 23, 22 [20], Z 4 47, 40 [43], Z 5 44, 38 [41], s 4 34, 30 [33], s 6 42, 35 [36], S 2 44, 40 [42], S 4 47, 42 [40], S 5 10, 9 [8], r 3 29, 25 [24], R 1 29, 27 [26]. Dorsal setae smooth, except Z 5, serrate. Peritreme extending forward to level of j 1.

Venter. Distances between st 1 –st 1 42, 43 [42], st 2 –st 2 49, 37 [49], st 3 –st 3 55, 51 [53], st 4 –st 4 47, 46 [47], st 5 –st 5 40, 39 [40]. Ventrianal shield subtriangular ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 57 – 63), lightly striate; 109, 101 [106] long and 135, 131 [127] wide at anterior corners, with four pairs of pre-anal setae, a pair of pre-anal pores and three pairs of lyrifissures. Seta JV 5 31, 29 [29].

Gnathosoma. Movable cheliceral digit 22, 21 [21] long, with 1 [1] tooth, fixed digit 22, 23 [22] long, with 4 [4] teeth. Shaft of spermatodactyl 57, 55 [55] long ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 57 – 63).

Legs. Macroseta sharp-tipped: St IV 36, 30 [29]; chaetotaxy of genua II and III as in female.

Specimens examined. Holotype female of T. balanites  from B. aegyptiaca  , at Shambat city, North Sudan, December 1966 (coll. E.A. El-Badry); holotype female, one paratype male and one male of T. mangiferus  from mango leaves, at Giza governorate, September 1977 (coll. M.A. El-Borolossy); one female from same substrate and locality, February 1987 (coll. M.A. Zaher); one female from organic manure at Nasser, Beni Suef governorate, April 2001 (coll. A.H.M. Romeih); two females from mango leaves, at Senuris, Fayoum governorate, December 2002 (coll. R.I.A. Abo-Shnaf); one male from same substrate and locality, July 2003 (coll. R.I.A. Abo-Shnaf); one female from same substrate and locality, January 2004 (coll. R.I.A. Abo-Shnaf); one female from apple leaves, at same locality, March 2003 (coll. R.I.A. Abo-Shnaf); two females from Z. jujube  leaves, at the Faculty of Agriculture Farm, Cairo University, Giza governorate, August 2001 (coll. M.M. Ahmed).

Previous records from Egypt. as T. balanites  — Fayoum governorate ( Romeih et al., 2010 b); Giza governorate ( Zaher, 1986; Romeih et al., 2010 b); as T. egypticus  —Cairo governorate ( Zaher, 1986); Giza governorate ( El-Badry, 1967 a; Zaher, 1986); as T. mangiferus  —Giza, Ismailia and Matrouh governorates ( Zaher, 1986).

Remarks. Typhlodromus egypticus  was originally described from the holotype female and T. mangiferus  from an unstated number of type specimens, both from Giza governorate, Egypt. The original descriptions of T. egypticus  and T. mangiferus  were reasonably detailed and illustrated; setal measurements were provided for T. mangiferus  but not for T. egypticus  . Typhlodromus balanites  was originally described from the holotype female, 34 paratype females and five paratype males collected in North Sudan. The original description was rather detailed, with illustrations and setal measurements.

An examination of the type specimen of T. balanites  showed this to be a junior synonym of T. egypticus  . El- Badry (1967 a, 1970) reported the chelicera of T. egypticus  to have no teeth [sic], while Chant & McMurtry (1994) mentioned species of what they called the “ egypticus  species group” to have chelicera with few teeth [sic]. Despite our effort, it was not possible to obtain types of T. (A.) egypticus  for examination in this study. Thus, the new synonymy proposed in this paper is based on an examination of types of T. mangiferus  , on the original description of T. egypticus  , on the fact that both nominal species were described from the same region and on the several additional females and males examined in this study. Our measurements of T. mangiferus  holotype are close to those reported by Zaher (1986) for a single female, except z 2 (30 according to that author).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Phytoseiidae

Genus

Typhlodromus

Loc

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus El-Badry

Abo-Shnaf, Reham I. A. & De, Gilberto J. 2014

2014
Loc

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) balanites

Hernandes 2012: 54
Chant 2007: 152
Moraes 2004: 313
Moraes 2004: 336

2004
Loc

Amblydromella (Amblydromella) balanites

Denmark 2002: 307

2002
Loc

Amblydromella (Amblydromella) egyptica

Denmark 2002: 307

2002
Loc

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) egypticus

Hernandes 2012: 55
Moraes 2004: 322
Chant 1994: 254
Ueckermann 1988: 52

1988
Loc

Typhlodromus egypticus

Chant 1994: 300
Zaher 1986: 134El-Badry 1967: 180

1986
Loc

Typhlodromus balanites

Zaher 1986: 134El-Badry 1967: 469

1986
Loc

Amblydromella balanites

Moraes 1986: 156

1986
Loc

Amblydromella egyptica

Moraes 1986: 161

1986
Loc

Typhlodromus mangiferus

Zaher 1986: 132

1986