Leuronota Crawford,

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Serna, Francisco & Burckhardt, Daniel, 2017, Generic synopsis of the jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Psylloidea) from Colombia, Zootaxa 4350 (3): -1

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Leuronota Crawford


Leuronota Crawford 

( Fig. 34View FIGURES 28 – 36, 69View FIGURES 59 – 70, 83View FIGURES 81 – 83)

Diagnosis: Head about as wide as mesoscutum, scarcely or not deflected from body; genal processes divergent, variably upturned ( Fig. 34View FIGURES 28 – 36). Antennae 2.0-3.6 times longer than head width; segment 3 the longest; terminal setae truncate, one smaller than the other. Pronotum anteriorly with a central spine-like tubercle projected forward, posteriorly with two rounded tubercles on each side. Forewing with strict trifurcation; membrane often maculated ( Fig. 69View FIGURES 59 – 70). Meracanthus prominent; metatibia with prominent genual spine and 3+1 apical spurs. Male proctiger with anus directed anteriorly; paramere often with well-developed posterior lobe. Female proctiger usually truncate or rounded with a dorsal sclerotised, transverse groove distal to circumanal ring ( Crawford 1914; Brown & Hodkinson 1988).

Biology and damage: Immatures of Leuronota calycophylli Burckhardt & Couturier  , for instance, are found feeding on Calycophyllum spruceanum  ( Rubiaceae  ), inducing marginal rolls on young shoots inside which they live ( Burckhardt & Couturier 1994).

Host-plants: Acanthaceae  , Boraginaceae  , Calophyllaceae  , Cannabaceae  , Cunoniaceae  , Dipterocarpaceae  , Meliaceae  , Rubiaceae  , Rutaceae  and Solanaceae  ( Brown & Hodkinson 1988; Burckhardt 1988; Ouvrard 2017).

Distribution: Southern United States, Central and South America, tropical Asia ( Hodkinson 1989).

Examined material: Leuronota maculata Crawford  : Magdalena: 1 (female), Parque Tayrona, Bahia de Neuguangue  , ca. 25 km NE Santa Marta, 08-Oct-1985 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.— Leuronota maritima Tuthill  : Magdalena: 5 (male, female), Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, estuary of Río Fundacíon, 29-Aug-1985 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.— Leuronota  sp. 1: Boyacá; 1 (female), Iguaque, El Boquerón, Santuario de Flora y Fauna (SFF), 5°25'N, 73°27'W, 2600 m, 1‒27-Dec-2002, Malaise (P. Reina), IAvH-E-161388; 1 (female), SFF Iguaque, Qda. Carrizal, 5°25’N, 73°27’W, 3350 m, 17-Aug –1-Sep-2000, Malaise (P. Reina), IAvH-E-161390.— Leuronota  sp. 2: Cauca: 1 (female), Popayán, Vda. La Rejoya, Parcelación Atardeceres de La Pradera, 2°30’27.54”N, 76°34’54.80”W, 1800 m, 24-Jan-2015, Psidium guajava (A. Rendón)  , UNAB 1490. — Leuronota  sp. 3: Magdalena: 1 (female), San Lorenzo, N of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 2200 m, 28-Apr-1986 (H. G. Müller), MHNG.