Triplocania manauara, Neto, Alberto Moreira Da Silva, García Aldrete, Alfonso N. & Rafael, José Albertino, 2016

Neto, Alberto Moreira Da Silva, García Aldrete, Alfonso N. & Rafael, José Albertino, 2016, Twelve new species of Triplocania Roesler (Psocodea: ' Psocoptera': Ptiloneuridae), from South America, Zootaxa 4109 (3), pp. 251-283: 266-269

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4109.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E6431450-3FDB-4AB9-80AE-DFE31AA666F4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03C987FB-9B2D-FF81-FF5C-978D26B422DC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Triplocania manauara
status

n. sp.

Triplocania manauara  n. sp.

( Figs 58–71View FIGURES 58 – 64View FIGURES 65 – 71)

Diagnosis. It is the only known species of Triplocania  having the forewing pterostigma strongly angulate, projected in the middle towards Rs; differing also from the known species of Triplocania  by the unique hypandrium, the side sclerites with a long, slender, acuminate posterior projection, and the central sclerite projected anteriorly, with lateral fields of short, strong spines, and mesal, longitudinal rows of short spines, and two short, blunt ended posterior processes.

Male. Color. Compound eyes black, ocelli hyaline, with ochre centripetal crescents; head pattern ( Fig. 58View FIGURES 58 – 64). Scape and pedicel pale brown, f 1 –f 3 yellow, with apex white. Mx 4 pale yellow with distal end pale brown. Femora pale yellow; tibiae pale yellow with distal ends pale brown; tarsomeres 1–3 yellow. Forewing with a brown marginal band from M 2 to areola postica, this brown with a hyaline area anteriorly, and a brown area between its apex and M; area between Rs and M distally brown, with a hyaline fenestra at wing margin, a brown area proximally on cell R 2 + 3; pterostigma almost entirely brown; veins brown, with dark brown spots at wing margin; forewing pattern ( Fig. 59View FIGURES 58 – 64). Hindwing almost hyaline, with a pale brown marginal band from M to CuA and a brown spot at confluence of CuP and wing margin; veins brown, with dark brown spots at wing margin ( Fig. 60View FIGURES 58 – 64).

Morphology. Compound eyes without interommatidial setae. Outer cusp of lacinial tip broad, with five denticles ( Fig. 61View FIGURES 58 – 64). Forewing pterostigma narrow basally, wider in the middle, spurred towards Rs; Rs sinuous, R 2 + 3 and R 4 + 5 sinuous, M stem slightly concave proximally, then almost straight, M 1 stem slightly convex proximally, then almost straight, M 2 and M 3 sinuous; areola postica tall, with round apex, slanted posteriorly. Hindwing Rs almost straight, R 2 + 3 straight, R 4 + 5 almost straight, M sinuous. Hypandrium of three sclerites, a large central piece, strongly sclerotized anteriorly, posteriorly with two median, blunt ended short processes, leaving between them a V-shaped concavity; two longitudinal, mesal parallel rows of short spines, and a field of spines on each posterolateral corner; side sclerites axe-shaped; setae as illustrated ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 58 – 64). Phallosome ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 58 – 64) with side struts independent, V shaped, fused posteriorly to external parameres, these robust, distally rounded. Mesal sclerite strongly sclerotized, wide, anteriorly concave; posteriorly with sides projected, elongate, narrowing distally; posterior margin slightly projected, pointed in the middle. Two pairs of endophallic sclerites, anterior pair long, stout, wider in the middle, narrowing at the ends, basally pointed, distally acuminate, curved outwards; lateral pair elongate, curved inwards, anteriorly acuminate. Epiproct almost straight anteriorly, rounded posteriorly, three setae in mesal position, other setae as illustrated ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 58 – 64). Paraprocts broadly triangular, sensory fields with 23 trichobothria on basal rosettes, setae as illustrated ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 58 – 64).

Measurements (in microns): FW: 4092, HW: 2738, F: 1075, T: 1748, t 1: 754, t 2: 70, t 3: 145, f 1: 699, f 2: 656, f 3: 563, Mx 4: 254, IO: 480, D: 384, d: 228, IO/d: 2.10, PO: 0.59.

Female. Color. Essentially as in the male.

Morphology. Head, forewing and hindwing ( Figs 65, 66 and 67View FIGURES 65 – 71) same as in the male. Outer cusp of lacinial tip broad, with three denticles ( Fig. 68View FIGURES 65 – 71). Subgenital plate broad, rounded posteriorly, pigmented area widely concave anteriorly, setae as illustrated ( Fig. 69View FIGURES 65 – 71). Ninth sternum broad, anteriorly wide, slightly concave in the middle; sides converging towards a membranous convex apex, a mesal transverse sclerotized band projected posteriorly in the middle ( Fig. 70View FIGURES 65 – 71). Gonapophyses: v 1 long, slender, heavily sclerotized, distally acuminate; v 2 + 3 broad, narrowing posteriorly, with a slender and curved proximal heel; a row of setae on outer lobe as illustrated, distal process small, slender, curved, acuminate, with a field of microsetae ( Fig. 70View FIGURES 65 – 71). Epiproct triangular, with three mesal setae, other setae as illustrated ( Fig. 71View FIGURES 65 – 71). Paraprocts almost triangular, broad, anteriorly concave, sensory fields with 22 trichobothria on basal rosettes; setae as illustrated ( Fig. 71View FIGURES 65 – 71).

Measurements (in microns): FW: 4302, HW: 2880, F: 1052, T: 1713, t 1: 743, t 2: 72, t 3: 168, f 1: 702, f 2: 523, f 3: Mx 4: 286, IO: 504, D: 361, d: 239, IO/d: 2.10, PO: 0.66.

Material examined. Holotype male ( INPA  ). Brazil. Amazonas. Manaus. Rod. [via] AM 010 Km 26. R[eserva] Ducke. Malaise trap. 8–15.VIII. 2005. Cutrim M. Paratypes: 1 male ( INPA  ). Same data as holotype, except IX. 2001, Malaise in mata. J. F. Vidal. 1 male ( INPA  ). Same data as holotype, except IG[arapé] Ubere. 16.VI.– 21.VII. 2003. J. Ribeiro. 2 males ( INPA  ). Same data as the holotype, except IG[arapé] Ubere. 16.VI. 2003. J. Ribeiro. 2 males ( INPA  ). Same data as the holotype, except IX. 2001, J. F. Vidal. 1 female ( INPA  ). Same data as the holotype, except X. 2001, J. Vidal et al. 1 female ( INPA  ). Same data as the holotype, except IG[arapé] Ubere, Malaise trap. 16.VI.– 21.VII. 2003. J. Ribeiro.

Etymology. Manauara  is a noun applied to the natives of Manaus, capital of the Brazilian state of Amazonas. The name is given to this species as a noun in apposition, and makes reference to the city of origin of this species.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia