Yphthimoides patricia ( Hayward, 1957 )

Barbosa, Eduardo P., Siewert, Ricardo R., Mielke, Olaf H. H., Lamas, Gerardo, Willmott, Keith R. & Freitas, André V. L., 2018, Redescription of Yphthimoides patricia (Hayward, 1957), with taxonomic notes on the names Euptychia saltuensis Hayward, 1962 and Yphthimoides manasses (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867) (Nymphalida, Zootaxa 4422 (4), pp. 537-557: 540-550

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4422.4.5

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0C58285B-C922-4815-9A03-D857945B6A28

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CA1619-4562-FF97-FF6A-FD7AA33DFC5E

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scientific name

Yphthimoides patricia ( Hayward, 1957 )
status

 

Yphthimoides patricia ( Hayward, 1957) 

Euptychia patricia Hayward, 1957: 115  , figure 6 (♂ genitalia). Holotype ♂, Chulumani, Sur Yungas, Bolivia, Padre Bridarolli leg., I-1948, collection Instituto de Historia Natural “ Sánchez Labrador ”, San Miguel , Buenos Aires; genitalia preparation Nº MSS 11. [ Supposedly deposited at MACNAbout MACN but not found]. 

Euptychia saltuensis Hayward, 1962: 106  , figure 2 (♂ genitalia). Holotype ♂, no locality data, probably from Argentina, Paraguay or southeast Brazil, IMLAbout IML; genitalia preparation Nº SATAbout SAT 252 (examined). New synonym.

Yphthimoides patricia: Forster, 1964: 102  , 103; Lamas, 2004: 223.

Yphthimoides manasses  [misidentification]: Freitas, 2004: 10, figure 3 (♂ ventral); Silva et al., 2012: 294, 295, tab. 1; Silva et al., 2015: 6, tab. 1.

Yphthimoides  sp. 1: Freire-Júnior & Diniz, 2015: 1209, 1210, tab. 3.

Diagnosis. Yphthimoides patricia  ( Fig. 1 View Figure ) differs from Y. manasses  ( Fig. 2 View Figure ) in the following characters: wings usually more rounded in Y. manasses  than in Y. patricia  ; DHW with ocelli in Cu1-Cu2 and Cu2-1A+2A with single pupils in Y. patricia  , but usually double (when present) in Y. manasses  . Males of Y. patricia  have a patch of dark androconial scales on the middle of the DFW that is absent in Y. manasses  . The morphology of the male genitalia is quite distinctive, as can be seen in figure 3 (A–D for Y. patricia  and E–H for Y. manasses  ). The valvae of the male genitalia have two series of small 'teeth' on the posterior inside edge in Y. patricia  ( Fig.3C View Figure ), which are absent in Y. manasses  ( Fig. 3G View Figure ), and in fact in all other Yphthimoides  species.

Redescription of adults. Male ( Figs. 1 View Figure , 3–7View FIGURE 3View FIGURE 4View FIGURE 5View FIGURE 6View FIGURE 7, 10C View Figure ). FW length: 16–20 mm (average 17.6 mm, SD = 1.17, n = 11); HW length: 12–15 mm (average 13.1 mm, SD = 0.88, n = 11). Eyes glabrous, entirely yellowish ochre ( Fig. 4A View Figure ). Male palpi ( Figs. 4A View Figure and 5D View Figure ) length approximately twice the head height, covered with cream scales and black and cream hairs. Antennae 9–10 mm in length, with 43–45 antennomeres extending to mid-costa of FW; shaft rust-brown, with white scales at base of each antennomere ( Fig. 4B View Figure ), club not conspicuously developed, with 13–14 antennomeres, yellowish brown, with the four distal-most antennomeres darker ( Fig. 4C View Figure ). DW ground color brown with a few markings; marginal and submarginal lines light brown and wavy, especially conspicuous in the HW. DFW with a broad dark androconial area extending from the inner margin to Radial vein ( Fig. 1A View Figure ). A wellmarked narrow dark irregular stripe following the dcs to dcm transverse discal veins. This dark area is not easily viewed unless with direct light, especially in darker wet season forms. VFW crossed by two lines, submedian faint orange and wavier, across discal cell, extending from Sc to 1A+2A, at one-third from the wing base; and postdiscal dark orange and straight extending from costa to 1A+2A, at two-thirds from the wing base. VFW also with a light cream, broad postdiscal stripe extending from costa to 1A+2A distad of dark orange postdiscal line. Two dark brown ocelli on DHW, outlined by a yellow ring and with silver pupil: one larger, between Cu1 and Cu2 and a smaller one between Cu2 and 1A+2A. VHW ground color light brown with several markings: in both wings marginal line straight and submarginal line wavy; VHW crossed by two orange lines extending from costa to anal margin, a submedian faint and slightly wavy line, at one-third from the wing base; and a postdiscal dark and straight line, at two-thirds from the wing base. A light cream postdiscal stripe, broader than that on the VFW, extending from costa to anal margin distad of dark orange postdiscal line. In wet season individuals, a series of six dark ocelli with white pupil and outlined by a ring of yellowish-creamy scales is present in VHW in wing cells Rs- M1 (ocellus 1), M1-M2 (2), M2-M3 (3), M3-Cu1 (4), Cu1-Cu2 (5) and Cu2-1A+2A (6). Ocelli 2 and 5 larger than others. In some individuals ocelli 3 to 6 have double pupils. HW outer margin slightly wavy. Male wing venation shown in Fig. 5A View Figure . Legs covered by cream scales ( Fig. 4D View Figure ); Male foreleg shown in Fig. 5C View Figure .

Male genitalia ( Figs. 3 View Figure and 6 View Figure ). Saccus short and triangular in dorsal view ( Fig. 3A–B View Figure ); tegumen rounded ( Fig. 3B View Figure ); gnathos long and pointed, almost half size of the valva length ( Fig. 2B View Figure ); uncus elongated with apex truncated distally ( Figs. 3B, C View Figure ; 6A); valvae elongated, trapezoidal, ending in a tapered apex in lateral view ( Fig. 3A View Figure ), internal margin with two series of small 'teeth', one series in apex and other series more internal ( Figs. 3B, C View Figure ; 6B); aedeagus straight ( Fig. 3D View Figure ); cornuti absent; fultura inferior membranous.

Female ( Figs. 1C–D View Figure and 7G–L View Figure , 10D View Figure ). FW length: 19–22 mm (average 20.5 mm, SD = 1.22, n = 6); hind wing length: 16–20 mm (average 17.5 mm, SD = 1.52, n = 6). Eyes glabrous, entirely brown. Palpi length approximately twice the head height, beige with long brown hairs. General color and pattern very similar to, but in general paler than, that of males. Wing venation shown in Fig. 5B View Figure . Foreleg with five tarsomeres, as shown in Fig. 5E View Figure .

Remarks on color variation ( Figs. 1 View Figure and 7 View Figure ). Two seasonal forms are known, affecting both sexes, with differences observed only on the underside. The wet season form is darker with larger and more conspicuous ocelli, especially on the VHW; based on museum specimens and unpublished data ( AVLF pers. obs.), this form was reported as being dominant from November to April in Central Brazil ( Figs. 1E View Figure , 7A, B, C, G, H View Figure ). The dry season form is lighter, often yellowish, with reduced ocelli on both wings, occasionally presenting a whitish postdiscal stripe distad of the postdiscal line crossing the wings ventrally; based on Museum specimens and on unpublished data ( AVLF pers. obs.), this form was reported as being dominant from May to September ( Figs. 1A–D, F View Figure , 7D, E, F, K, L View Figure ). Intermediates ( Figs. 7I, J View Figure ) were observed in transitions between seasons, from February to April and in October–November in Central Brazil ( AVLF pers. obs.).

Description of immature stages. The morphological description and measurements of the immature stages below are based on material reared from January to April 1999, obtained from three wild caught females from Itirapina, São Paulo, southeastern Brazil.

Egg. Barrel shaped, flattened at base, pinkish cream, with a reticle of 19–20 thin longitudinal ridges forming a pattern of irregular pentagonal and hexagonal cells visible under light microscope. Height and diameter 1.0 mm (n = 5). Duration 6 days (n = 15).

First instar. Head capsule width 0.62–0.64 mm; head scoli 0.08–0.10 mm (n = 5). Head capsule black, with enlarged chalazae, bearing a pair of short scoli on vertex, each with two long narrow setae, P1 and P2 respectively. Third stemma larger than other stemmata. Body cream, smooth, with red longitudinal stripes; caudal filaments very short. Setae dark, elongated, several dorsal and subdorsal clubbed at tip. Maximum length 6 mm. Duration 9–10 days (n = 15).

Second instar ( Fig. 8A View Figure ). Head capsule width 0.90 mm; head scoli 0.16–0.18 mm (n = 5). Head dark brown with two diverging short scoli on vertex. Body beige, with a broad dorsal dark stripe and several lateral longitudinal weakly marked stripes; caudal filaments short. Maximum length 9 mm. Duration 7–8 days (n = 10).

Third instar ( Fig. 8B View Figure ). Head capsule width 1.22–1.30 mm; head scoli 0.24–0.26 mm (n = 5). Head brown, with two diverging very short scoli on vertex. Body brown with a broad dorsal longitudinal stripe and several lateral longitudinal weakly marked intersecting brown stripes; caudal filaments short. Maximum length 13 mm. Duration 6–8 days (n = 5).

Fourth instar ( Fig. 8C View Figure ). Head capsule width 1.80–1.98 mm; head scoli 0.28–0.36 mm (n = 10). Very similar to third instar. Maximum length 21 mm. Duration 9–11 days (n = 5).

Fifth (last) instar ( Fig. 8C,D View Figure ). Head capsule width 3.08–3.23 mm; head scoli 0.55–0.58 mm (n = 4). Head brown, with two diverging short scoli on vertex. Body brown with a broad dark dorsal stripe and several lateral longitudinal weakly marked intersecting brown stripes; ventral region dark brown; legs and prolegs light brown; caudal filaments short. Maximum length 25 mm. Duration 17–19 days (n = 10).

Pupa ( Fig. 8E, F, G View Figure ). Short and smooth; mostly dark brown with a mottled pattern of cream dots; short pointed ocular caps with white ridges; cremaster dark in ventral portion; dorsal abdomen with a pair of short bumps laterally in each segment. Total length 12 mm (n = 5). Duration 13–15 days (n = 6).

Behavior and Natural History. Oviposition behavior was not observed in the field and the natural host plant is unknown. In captivity, eggs were laid on provided host plant leaves and/or scattered on the inside of the rearing container (plastic bag). In the laboratory, larvae quickly accepted three common grasses: the African Guinea grass Panicum maximum Jaq.  (“capim colonião”), the Molasses grass Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.  (“capim gordura”) and the Indian goose grass Eleusine indica  (L.) Gaertn (“capim pé-de-galinha”). These three species are introduced in Brazil and no native grass species used by Y. patricia  are known. Adults fly near the ground from early morning to afternoon. Both sexes were observed feeding on decaying fruits lying on the ground.

Distribution and habitat ( Figs. 9 View Figure and 10 View Figure ). Based on field observations, museum records and literature, the species is distributed in the Brazilian states of Pará, Maranhão, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and in the Distrito Federal; and in the Bolivian departments of La Paz and Santa Cruz ( Fig. 9 View Figure ). This species is strongly associated with open habitats, including the Brazilian savannas (the cerrado biome, Figs. 9 View Figure , 10A,B View Figure ), where it occurs in several environments, including the narrow gallery forests adjacent to the cerrado (Silva et al. 2015). It can be locally abundant, and is the dominant satyrine species in some cerrado sites (Silva et al. 2015, Freire-Júnior & Diniz 2015, AVLF pers. obs.). It was also recorded in the rocky montane fields of Minas Gerais (known locally as “campos rupestres”) and in the Amazonian “canga” vegetation (iron-rich rock outcrops with associated vegetation that grows on thin soil) in the region of Carajás (south Pará State). The species has never been recorded in the Brazilian semiarid “caatingas”. In Bolivia, Y. patricia  has been recorded in three localities from 1400 to 1600 m in the region of Yungas near La Paz and in the region of Santa Cruz ( Fig. 9 View Figure ).

Genetic distances ( Fig. 11 View Figure ). Distances within species ranged from 0 % to 3.1 %, and interspecific distances ranged from 4.2 % to 11.0 % (mean genetic distances among 14 Yphthimoides  species in Table 2), overlapping with intraspecific distances of 5.3 % and 6.9 %, respectively, between specimens of the Y. renata  "complex" from Brazil and Colombia, and from Brazil and Costa Rica. Genetic distances among individuals of Y. patricia  and Y. manasses  ranged from 8.8 to 9.7 %. In conjunction with the morphological differences, these results and a species phenogram ( Fig. 12 View Figure ) support Y. patricia  and Y. manasses  as distinct species.

Taxonomic comments. Hayward (1957) described ten new taxa of Bolivian Satyrinae  , assigning all of them to the genus Euptychia Hübner, 1818  . The holotypes of six of those taxa ( E. susanna  , E. pamela  , E. patricia  , E. phares boliviana  , E. proxima  and E. stella  ) were stated to be deposited in the collection of the Museo del Instituto de Historia Natural "Sánchez Labrador" of San Miguel, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Decades later, part of the Lepidoptera  collection of the Instituto was transferred to the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (MACN), Buenos Aires, Argentina (A. Roig, pers. comm. to GL). GL examined that collection in 2005 and found the holotypes of E. susanna  and E. proxima  . For E. patricia  and E. phares boliviana  , only the labels were found. No trace could be discovered regarding the holotypes of E. pamela  and E. stella  . Presumably, the holotypes of these last four names are lost. Hayward described both E. patricia  and E. saltuensis ( Hayward, 1962)  based mostly on the wing color pattern, although drawings of male genitalia were also provided for both taxa. Despite the genitalia drawings being somewhat rough, they are detailed enough as to show the two series of teeth that make the valvae of Y. patricia  so distinctive from all other species of Euptychiina  , and very similar to those illustrated in the original description of Euptychia saltuensis  . It is quite possible that variation in wing pattern explains why Hayward proposed two names for the same species. The holotype of E. saltuensis  is very similar to wet season forms of Y. patricia  ( Fig. 1E View Figure ), while the holotype of Y. patricia  (based on the text in the original description) appears to have been be more similar to dry season forms, as are the three individuals from Yungas, Bolivia deposited in the NHMUK (one of these, the neotype below designated, is shown in Fig. 1F View Figure ). Lamas (2004) listed both Y. patricia  and E. saltuensis  in Yphthimoides  , with E. saltuensis  as a nomen dubium and possible subjective synonym of Y. manasses  . By comparing Hayward's male genitalia drawings of Y. patricia  and E. saltuensis  with dissections of several Yphthimoides  species, in conjunction with DNA barcode analysis to determine the range of intraspecific wing pattern variation within species, we treat E. saltuensis  as a junior synonym of Y. patricia  (new synonym).

Remarks. After GL examined the specimens in the collection of the MACNAbout MACN (Buenos Aires, Argentina) and found only the labels of Euptychia patricia  , we concluded that the holotype is lost. Therefore, a neotype of Euptychia patricia  is hereby designated to clarify the taxonomic status of the species and ensure nomenclatural stability.

Neotype ♂ ( Fig. 1F View Figure ). In order to fix the identity of the name, one male deposited in the NHMUKAbout NHMUK collection, which was collected in the same general area as the holotype, is herein designated as the Neotype of Euptychia patricia Hayward, 1957  ; this specimen has the following four labels separated by transverse bars: \ BOLIVIA Adams, M.J. & Bernard, G.I BMNH (E) 1985-477 See Book L. Rh. A.32 \ Adams Series NE of La Paz: Above Chairo 1900m. 11.viii.85 \M85/630 \ BMNH (E) 1204805; three other labels will be added later:\ Neotype \ Neotype of Euptychia patricia Hayward, 1957  \ Barbosa and Freitas det. 2017 \.

Examined material. ARGENTINA. Holotype ♂ of Euptychia saltuensis  , no data, SATAbout SAT 252 ( IMLAbout IML).

BRAZIL. No locality — 1 ♂, 05.XI.2011 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0049)  , ZUEC LEP 9837 (ZUEC); São Paulo: Brotas— Campo Alegre , 750 m, 5 ♂ (1 without abdomen), 6 ♀ (2 without abdomen), 13-I-1963, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.947 to 28.957 ( DZUPAbout DZUP)  . Itirapina— 750 m, 2 ♀, 15-VIII-1964, 2 ♀, 18-VIII-1968, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.958 to

DZ 28.961 (DZUP), Estação Ecológica de Itirapina , 1 ♂, 19-VII-2002, K. S. Brown & A. V. L. Freitas leg.  , ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9836View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC), 3 ♂, 19-VII-2002, K. S. Brown and A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF), Cerrado da Graúna   , 2 ♀, 26.IX.1990, 4 ♀, 21.I.1999, A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF), 1 ♂ and 1 ♀, A-213, I-IV.1999 (ex-larva), 2 ♂ and 2 ♀, A-214, I-IV.1999 (ex-larva), 1 ♀, A-215, I-IV.1999 (ex-larva), (ZUEC-AVLF). Rio Claro— 1 ♀, 14- X-1962, DZ 28.962 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Santa Rita do Passa Quatro— Parque Estadual da Vassununga   , Gleba Pé do Gigante , 1 ♀, 13-15.III.2003  , B786, A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF). Minas Gerais: São Roque de Minas— Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra 1 ♂, 14-VIII-1999, 1 ♂, 19-VIII-1999, 1 ♀, 16-X-1 999, O. Marini-Filho leg. ( UFMGAbout UFMG). Barbacena— 1.100m  , 1 ♀, 9-VIII-1951, 1 ♂ (without abdomen), 11-VIII-1951, 1 ♂ (without abdomen), 14-VIII-1 951, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 16-VIII-1951, 3 ♂, 17-VIII-1951, 1 ♀, 17-VIII-1951, 1 ♀ 28-VIII-1951, 1 ♂, 2 ♀ (without abdomens), 29-VIII-1951, 2 ♂, 1 ♀ 1-IX-1951, 1 ♀ (without abdomen), 2-IX-1951, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 3-IX-1951, 1 ♀ 30- IX-1951, 1 ♂ 15-VIII-1952, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 18-VIII-1952 ,, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.880 to 28.902 (DZUP). Barroso— 1 ♀, 27-VIII-1 952, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.903 (DZUP). Corinto— 2 ♂, 7-IX-1979, C. Elias leg., DZ 28.904, DZ 28.905; Itumirim— 900m, 1 ♀, 7- II-1 964, Ebert leg., DZ 29.385 (DZUP). Itutinga— 11 ♀ (3 without abdomen), beginning - II-1956, 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 16-IX-1956, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.906 to 28.920 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Lagoa Santa— 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 31-VIII-1 956, Becker leg.  , DZ 28.921 to DZ 28.923 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Ouro Branco— 2 ♂ (without abdomens), 8-VIII- 1954, H. Ebert leg.  , DZ 28.924, DZ 28.925 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Ouro Preto— Fazenda Barcellos , 1.100m, 2 ♀, 14-IX-1952, 1 ♀, middle (?) VII (?) — 1953, H. Ebert leg.  , DZ 28.926 to 28.928 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Poços de Caldas— 1 ♂, II-1963, 1 ♀, III-1964, 3 ♂, 2 ♀, VIII-1964, 2 ♂, 17-XII-1966, H. Ebert leg.  , DZ 28.929 to DZ 28.937 (DZUP), Serra do Cristo, 1 ♀, 14.II.1999, A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF). Santana do Riacho— Serra do Cipó , 1.000-1.300m  , 1 ♂, 30- I-1985, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 28.938 (DZUP), 1 ♂, 10-VIII-2011 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0279), 1 ♀, 19-I- 2012 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0280), 1 ♀, 23-X-2012 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0281), 1 ♀, 17-I-2012 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0282), 1 ♀, 10-VIII-2011 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0283), Marina Beirão  leg., ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9831View Materials to ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9835View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC). São João Del Rei— 800  - 1.000 m, 3 ♂, 31-VII-1951, 3 ♂, 14-VII-1954, 1 ♀, 16-II-1956, 1 ♀, 2-IX- 1956, H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.939 to DZ 28.946 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Belo Horizonte – APE Manancial Cercadinho , 1 ♀, 09-II- 2007 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0158), A. R. M. Silva leg  , ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9830View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC), 1 ♀, 24.I.2007, 1 ♀ 23.I.2007, 1 ♀, 26.II.2007, 1 ♀, 02.IX.2007, A. R. M. Silva leg. (ZUEC-AVLF). Nova Lima— APE Manancial Mutuca, Parque Estadual da Serra do Rola Moça , 20°1’1”S 43º58’23”WGoogleMaps  , 1 ♂, 30.I.2008 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher PM10-08), A. R. M. Silva leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); Mato Grosso: Barra dos Bugres— km 363 estrada Cuiabá-Porto Velho , 650 m  , 3 ♂, 5- VII-1972, Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 28.821, DZ 28.822, DZ 28.823 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Barra do Garças— Royal Base Camp, Serra do Roncador   , 1 ♂, 1 ♀ VII-1968, Laroca & Azevedo leg., DZ 28.824, DZ 28.825 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Nova Xavantina— Bacaba , UNIMAT, 3 ♀, 17-19-VIII-1997, Mielke leg.  , DZ 28.805, DZ 28.826, DZ 28.827 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Chapada dos Guimarães— 700m, 2 ♀, 27-VIII-1978  , H. Ebert leg., DZ 28.828, DZ 28.829 (DZUP), 2 ♂, 23/ 26- XI-2013 (DNA vouchers YPH-0486, YPH-0487), L. A. Kaminski leg., ZUEC LEP 9828, ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9829View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC). Diamantino— Fazenda São João , 300-400m, 1 ♀, 1-8- VIII-1974, 1 ♀, 28-VII-1975, H. & H. D. Ebert leg.  , DZ 28.830, DZ 28.831 (DZUP), 1 ♀, 4-IX-1978, 1 ♀, 8-IX-1978, Mielke & Furtado leg., DZ 28.832, DZ 28.833 (DZUP), 1 ♀, 3-IX-1979, Furtado leg., DZ 28.834 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Alto Araguaia— 1 ♂, 05-XII-2009 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0071), 1 unknown sex (abdomen destroyed), 05-XII-2009 ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0016), Dell’Erba R. & Zillmer E. D. leg.  , ZUEC LEP 9826, ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9827View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC); Goiás: Goiás— 3 ♂, XII-1975, 1 ♀ 4-IX-1976, 2 ♂, 3 ♀, XII-1976, 2 ♂, I-1972  , D. Gifford leg., DZ 28.835 to DZ 28.845 ( DZUPAbout DZUP), Serra Dourada , 1 ♀, 6-II-1980, 16°03’ S  , 50°06 W, DZ 28.846 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Cristalina— 20 km East , 2 ♀, 24-I-1976  , DZ 28.847, DZ 28.848 (DZUP). Goiânia— 1 ♀, 31-VIII-1969, Ebert leg., DZ 28.849 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Rio Quente— Pousada do Rio Quente , 2 ♀, 12-II-1979, A. Raw leg.  , DZ 28.850, DZ 28.851 ( DZUPAbout DZUP); Distrito Federal: Brasília— 1 ♀, 8-IX-1965, 1 ♀, 19- IX-1965, 1 ♀, 11-IX-1968, 1 ♀, 12-IX-1968, 1 ♂, 20-IX-1968, 1 ♀, 31-VIII-1969  ,, Ebert leg., DZ 28.852 to 28.857 (DZUP), 1 ♂, XII-1971, Stawiarsky leg., DZ 28.858 (DZUP), 1 ♂, 11-VII-1978, 1 ♂, 9-VI-1980, Gifford leg., DZ 28.859, DZ 28.860 (DZUP), 1 ♀, IX-1978, Raw leg., DZ 28.861 ( DZUPAbout DZUP), Fazenda Água Limpa , 3 ♂, 11- I-1976, 1 ♀, 16-I-1976, 2 ♀, 16-VIII-1 976, 1 ♀, 7-IX-1976, 4 ♂, 1 ♀, 29-VII-1978, 1 ♂, 16-VIII-1 976, 1 ♀, 18- IX-1976  , Gifford leg., DZ 28.862 to 28.875 ( DZUPAbout DZUP), Fazenda Água Limpa, Universidade de Brasília   , 1000 m.a.s.l., 7 ♂, IX-2005 (DNA vouchers YPH-0019, YPH-0024, YPH-0026, YPH-0030, YPH-0040, YPH-0041, YPH-0042), ZUEC LEP 9814, ZUEC LEP 9815, ZUEC LEP 9816, ZUEC LEP 9817, ZUEC LEP 9818, ZUEC LEP 9819, ZUEC LEP 9820 (ZUEC), 2 ♀, IX-2005 (DNA vouchers YPH-0018, YPH-0028), E. O. Emery leg., ZUEC LEP 9821, ZUEC LEP 9822 (ZUEC), 2 ♂, IX-2005 (genitalia prepared AVLF0007), 2 ♀, IX-2005, E. O. Emery leg. (ZUEC-AVLF), 1 ♂, 18.VII.2005, A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF), Parque do Gama , 1.000 m, 1 ♂, 18-VI-1972, 2 ♂, 20-VI-1972  , Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 28.876, DZ 28.877, DZ 28.804 (DZUP). Planaltina— 1.000 m, 15°35’ S, 47°42 W, 2 ♂, 4-XII-1982, Mielke & Becker leg., DZ 28.878, DZ 28.879 (DZUP), Parque Nacional de Brasília , 1180 m.a.s.l., 15°36’57,17’’S 47°57’33,02’’W, 2 ♂, 22-XI-2009 ( DNAAbout DNA vouchers YPH-0116, YPH-0123), E. O. Emery legGoogleMaps  , ZUEC LEP 9823, ZUEC LEP 9824 (ZUEC), Estação Ecológica Jardim Botânico , 1 ♂, 18-XII-2010, ( DNAAbout DNA voucher YPH-0159), A. V. L. Freitas leg  , ZUECAbout ZUEC LEP 9825View Materials ( ZUECAbout ZUEC), 3 ♂, 18-XII-2010, 2 ♀, 18-XII-2010, A. V. L. Freitas leg. (ZUEC-AVLF); Bahia: Palmeiras— Morro Pai Inácio , 800  - 1.200 m, 1 ♀, 2- XII-1997, Mielke & Casagrande leg., OM 47.355 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Mucugê— Trilha horizontal, 1.012 m, 13°3′12.24″S, 41°20′45.96″WGoogleMaps  , 1 ♀, 01-X-2017, E.P. Barbosa, T. Zacca & R.R. Ramos leg., ZUECAbout ZUEC LEPAbout LEP 10497, Trilha vertical, 962m. a.s.l., 13°2′45.24″S, 41°20′54.6″W, 1 ♀, E.P. Barbosa, T. Zacca & R.R. Ramos leg.GoogleMaps  , ZUECAbout ZUEC LEPAbout LEP 10498, Trilha da Cachoeira do Cardoso   , 1.043 m, 13°2′50.64″S,41°20′ 26.88″W, 1 ♀, 02-X-2017, E.P. Barbosa, T. Zacca & R.R. Ramos leg., ZUECAbout ZUEC LEPAbout LEP 10499 ( ZUECAbout ZUEC). Rio de Contas— Campo do Queiroz , 1.450 m, 13°31’13.08’’S, 41°56’7.44’’WGoogleMaps  , 1 ♀, 29-IX-2017, E.P. Barbosa, T. Zacca & R.R. Ramos leg., ZUECAbout ZUEC LEPAbout LEP 10500 ( ZUECAbout ZUEC); Maranhão: Feira Nova de Maranhão— Retiro, 28 km W [30 km W Fortaleza dos Nogueiras ], 470 m, 3 ♀, 18-23- I-2010  , O. Mielke leg., DZ 28.815, DZ 28.816, DZ 28.817 ( DZUPAbout DZUP), Fazenda Forquilha dos Brejos , 28 km E Feira Nova do Maranhão  , 2 ♀, 14-21-VIII-2011, DZ 28.818, DZ 28.819 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). Imperatriz— Excursão do Departamento de Zoologia   , 1 ♀, 18-VII-1974, DZ 28.820 ( DZUPAbout DZUP); Pará: Carajás— Serra dos Carajás , 1 ♀, 6-IX- 1978  , Gifford leg., DZ 28.814 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). No state: B. P. (unknown locality), 4 ♀, II-1968  , Ebert leg., DZ 28.963 to 28.965, DZ 29.384 ( DZUPAbout DZUP). — BOLIVIA. Santa Cruz— Chiquitos, Serranía de Santiago , 1 ♂, 9.VIII.2001  , Y. Gareca & T. Riegel leg. ( MUSM). La Paz— Chairo, NE La Paz above Chairo , 1 ♀, 11-VIII-1985  , 1600 m,1 ♀, 11- VIII-1985, 1900 m, Adams series, Adams, M.J. & G. L. Bernard leg., 1985-477 (see Book L. Rh. A 32), M85/629, M85/633, BMNH(E) 1204803, BMNH(E) 1204804 (NHMUK).

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

IML

Instituto Miguel Lillo

SAT

Angelo State University

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

DNA

Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

ZUEC

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

LEP

All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Nymphalidae

Genus

Yphthimoides

Loc

Yphthimoides patricia ( Hayward, 1957 )

Barbosa, Eduardo P., Siewert, Ricardo R., Mielke, Olaf H. H., Lamas, Gerardo, Willmott, Keith R. & Freitas, André V. L. 2018

2018
Loc

Euptychia patricia

: 115

Loc

Euptychia saltuensis

: 106

Loc

Yphthimoides patricia: Forster, 1964 : 102

: 102 : 223

Loc

Yphthimoides manasses

: 10 : 294

Loc

Yphthimoides

: 1209