Parnara kotoshona Sonan, 1936

Chiba, Hideyuki, Hsu, Yu-Feng, Tsukiyama, Hiroshi, Lo, Philip Yik-Fui, Chen, Chien-Ren & Wang, Shou-Ming, 2009, Jinhaku Sonan’s skipper type collection deposited at Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae), Zootaxa 2202, pp. 48-58: 53

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.189654

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CC500D-F301-342E-FF2C-F33B3B9DB97A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Parnara kotoshona Sonan, 1936
status

 

Parnara kotoshona Sonan, 1936 

Zephyrus 6: 214.

Labels: “ Parnara  / kotoshona Sonan  / DET. J. SONAN,” “ Kashoto/ 2 X 1923 / J. Sonan,” “ No. 61,” “ Type [in red].”

A male specimen was designated as the holotype by Sonan (1936), and the holotype was retrieved from TARI ( Fig. 22–24View FIGURES 19 – 39). Evans (1949) synonymized this taxon with Parnara guttata (Bremer & Grey, 1853)  . His treatment has been followed by all subsequent authors (e. g. Shirôzu 1960; Bridges 1983; Chiba & Eliot 1991; Chiba et al. 1992; Tsukiyama et al. 1997). The name kotoshona Sonan, 1936  is regarded as a junior subjective synonym of Parnara guttata (Bremer & Grey, 1853)  in the present study.

An inconsistency in locality was found between the identification label and data label of the holotype. The collecting locality is given as “Kotosho” (= Lanyu) on the identification label whereas it is “Kashoto” (= Ludao) on the data label. Sonan (1936) gave “Kotosho” as the type locality in the original description of kotoshona  . These two islands are separated by approximately 73 km, and P. guttata  is more commonly found on Ludao than on Lanyu ( Yamanaka 1980). Sonan may have misread his own hand-writing on the data label when he decided to describe his specimens as a new species over 10 years after he collected the specimens. Consequently the true type locality of kotoshona  perhaps should be Kashoto (Ludao), not Kotosho (Lanyu).

TARI

Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Parnara