Anicetus Howard,

Zuparko, Robert L., 2015, Annotated Checklist of California Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera), Zootaxa 4017 (1), pp. 1-126: 13

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4017.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BBFC3D93-6A7E-4862-84EF-021ADE2F4B3A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CC87E4-FF88-4357-FF02-C6218A2DF9DE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anicetus Howard
status

 

Anicetus Howard  [in Howard & Ashmead] 1896

Hosts. Hemiptera  : Coccidae 

annulatus Timberlake 1919 b: 227 

Type. USNM

Distribution. E (Alameda, Sacramento, San Francisco, Santa Clara)

Host/habitat. Ceroplastes ceriferus  , Coccus hesperidum  , C. pseudomagnoliarum  , C. viridis  , Eucalymnatus tessellatus  , Eulecanium  sp., Pulvinaria aurantii  , P. kuwacola  , P. polygonata  , P. psidii  , Saissetia coffeae  , S. oleae 

Remarks. Timberlake (1913) noted this species in California in 1912 (as Anicetus  sp.), although this record may represent specimens escaped from the State Insectary Laboratory in Sacramento. In 1922 – 23, a handful of individuals were released in Los Angeles County ( Smith 1923), while large-scale releases started only in 1931, with material imported from Australia & Taiwan during several biocontrol programs ( Bartlett 1978 a). Trjapitzin & Ruiz Cancino (2009) reported two locations that are misreadings of the collection data. The first was reported as “ex Coccus  sp. on Aralia  , on Yenyo Marin Beach (San Francisco, Cal.) in 1922.” In actuality, the label reads “Taiyo Maru boat”—these specimens originated from a plant used as an ornamental on a Japanese steamer, which had docked in San Francisco ( Compere 1924). The second was reported as “ 1 mile south of Centerville near Niliss, Calif., Dec. 1, 1940 (Flanders & Finney)”, but the label reads “Niles” (not Niliss), and notes that the specimen was reared from a scale on an orange tree. There are about ten “Centervilles” in the State of California, but this site is probably the one in Alameda County that is now part of the Niles district of Fremont. Timberlake (1913) initially reported this species as a hyperparasitoid, but in the formal description (taken from a Hawaiian population) he confirmed it is a primary (1919 b).

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Encyrtidae

Loc

Anicetus Howard

Zuparko, Robert L. 2015
2015
Loc

annulatus

Timberlake 1919: 227
1919