Encyrtus Latreille 1809,

Zuparko, Robert L., 2015, Annotated Checklist of California Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera), Zootaxa 4017 (1), pp. 1-126: 27-28

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4017.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BBFC3D93-6A7E-4862-84EF-021ADE2F4B3A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CC87E4-FF9E-4340-FF02-C0DD8B3FFBED

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Encyrtus Latreille 1809
status

 

Encyrtus Latreille 1809 

Hosts. Hemiptera  : Coccidae  , Diaspididae  , Eriococcidae  , Pseudococcidae 

aurantii ( Geoffroy 1785: 386)  ( Cynips  )

Type. Probably lost, but possibly in MNHN (J. Noyes, pers. comm.)

Distribution. W (Contra Costa, Los Angeles, Tulare, southern San Joaquin Valley, southern California)

Host/habitat. Coccus hesperidum  , C. pseudomagnoliarum  , C. viridis  , Diaspis boisduvalii  , Eriococcus buxi  , Eucalymnatus tessellatus  , Eulecanium tiliae  , Eulecanium  sp., Parasaissetia nigra  , Parthenolecanium corni  , P. fletcheri  , Planococcus citri  , Pseudococcus longispinus  , Pulvinaria floccifera  , P. psidii  , P. sp., Saissetia coffeae  , S. oleae  , S. privigna  , Sphaerolecanium prunastri 

Remarks. In two recent studies, this species was reported (as E. lecaniorum  ) on citrus from the southern San Joaquin Valley (including Fresno, Kern & Tulare counties) and from a region further south (Riverside, San Bernardino and San Diego counties), but the exact counties it occurred in were not specified ( Bernal et al. 2001; Kapranas et al. 2007). The former paper mistakenly claimed the host record of Coccus pseudomagnoliarum  as new, but this association had been earlier reported by Trjapitzin (1957).

fuscus ( Howard 1881: 363)  ( Comys  )

Type. USNM

Distribution. N (Alameda, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Contra Costa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, Marin, Mariposa, Modoc, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Orange, Plumas, Riverside, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Shasta, Sierra, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Tehama, Ventura, Yolo)

Host/habitat. Eulecanium cerasorum  , E  . tiliae, Eulecanium  sp., Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum  , Parthenolecanium cerasifex  , Parthenolecanium corni  , Parthenolecanium persicae  , P  . pruinosum, P  . quercifex, Pulvinaria vitis  , Saissetia coffeae  , S. sp.

Remarks. Specimens in the CSCA were reared from a “ Lecanium  ” species.

infelix ( Embleton 1902: 223)  ( Comys  )

Type. CUMZ

Distribution. E (Alameda, Colusa, Orange, San Diego, Tulare, Tuolumne, Ventura, Yolo)

Host/habitat. Ceroplastes madagascariensis  , Coccus hesperidum  , Parasaissetia nigra  , Protopulvinaria pyriformis  , Pulvinaria urbicola  , Saissetia coffeae  , S. oleae 

Remarks. Imported from Hawaii in 1921 in an S. oleae  biocontrol program, this species was reported established in California ( Bartlett 1978 a). It was not recovered in later surveys of S. oleae  parasitoids ( Kennett 1986; Daane et al. 1991; Lampson & Morse 1992), but was collected once in northern California in 1994 ( RLZC).

saliens Prinsloo & Annecke 1978: 329 

Type. PPRI

Distribution. E (?)

Host/habitat. Pulvinaria delottoi  , Pulvinariella mesembryanthemi  , P. sp.

Remarks. Introduced into California from South Africa in the early 1980 s in a biocontrol program against P. mesembryanthemi  and P. delottoi  , this species, along with Metaphycus funicularis  and M. stramineus  , established immediately and are credited with the successful control of those species ( Tassan & Hagen 1995), although I have been unable to determine the exact collection localities.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

CUMZ

Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History

PPRI

ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute, National Collection of Fungi: Culture Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Encyrtidae

Loc

Encyrtus Latreille 1809

Zuparko, Robert L. 2015
2015
Loc

saliens

Prinsloo 1978: 329
1978
Loc

aurantii (

Geoffroy 1785: 386
Loc

fuscus (

Howard 1881: 363
Loc

infelix (

Embleton 1902: 223