Microterys Thomson 1876

Zuparko, Robert L., 2015, Annotated Checklist of California Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera), Zootaxa 4017 (1), pp. 1-126: 42-43

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4017.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BBFC3D93-6A7E-4862-84EF-021ADE2F4B3A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CC87E4-FFAD-4371-FF02-C5FB8995FD87

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microterys Thomson 1876
status

 

Microterys Thomson 1876 

Hosts. Hemiptera  : Coccidae  , Eriococcidae  , Kermesidae 

mazzinini Girault 1917 a: 12 

Type. USNMAbout USNM

Distribution. C (Inyo, San Bernardino, Santa Barbara, Tulare  ) Host/habitat. Physokermes insignicola 

nietneri ( Motschulsky 1859: 170)  ( Encyrtus  )

Type. ZMUMAbout ZMUM

Distribution. W (Alameda, Contra Costa, Fresno, Kern, Los Angeles, Napa, Orange, Riverside, Sacramento, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Solano, Tehama, Tulare, Ventura)

Host/habitat. Ceroplastes cirripediformis  , C. destructor  , C. floridensis  , C. japonicus  , C. rubens  , Coccus hesperidum  , C. pseudomagnoliarum  , C. viridis  , Eucalymnatus tessellatus  , Eulecanium  sp., Gascardia  sp., Maacoccus piperis  , Milviscutulus mangiferae  , Parasaissetia nigra  , Parthenolecanium cerasifex  , P. corni  , P. fletcheri  , P. persicae  , Protopulvinaria pyriformis  , Pulvinaria mammeae  , P. peregrina  , P. psidii  , P. vitis  , Pulvinariella mesembryanthemi  , Saissetia coffeae  , S. miranda  , S. oleae  , S. sp.

Remarks. Microterys nietneri  is a widespread (perhaps even cosmopolitan) species, but it is not clear if it occurs naturally in California. Howard (1881) described Encyrtus flavus  from Los Angeles County, but Timberlake (1913) and Bartlett & Lagace (1961) noted that this species was also known from Asia and opined it had been accidentally established here. In the 1950 s a “black scale race” of this species was introduced from India and Pakistan in a series of (apparently unsuccessful) biocontrol introductions ( Clausen 1959; Bartlett 1978 a). In 1989, Trjapitzin synonymized E. flavus  under M. nietneri  . Bartlett & Lagace (1961) and Rosen & Kfir (1980) noted that several geographical strains of this species exist, and they differ in their host preferences. Noyes (2001) includes a host record of “ Coccus piperus  ”, referred to Hayat’s (1986) catalog of Indian Encyrtidae  , but in that work the host is properly spelled as “ Coccus piperis  ” (now placed in the genus Maacoccus  ). There are specimens reportedly reared from Aonidiella aurantii  ( UCRCAbout UCRC), but this identification is questionable.

physokermis Compere 1926 b: 43 

Type. USNMAbout USNM

Distribution. C (Alameda, Calaveras, Contra Costa, Madera, Monterey, Napa, San Francisco, Santa Clara) Host/habitat. Physokermis  insignicola 

Remarks. Noyes (2001) mistakenly recorded this species from Japan.

sylvius ( Dalman 1820: 154)  ( Encyrtus  )

Type. NHRSAbout NHRS

Distribution. W (Calaveras, El Dorado, Inyo, Lassen, Los Angeles, Merced, Modoc, Napa, Plumas, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Yosemite National Park)

Host/habitat. Didesmococcus unifasciatus  , Eulecanium ficiphilum  (nec ficifilum), E. nocivum  , E. sericeum  , E. tiliae  , E. sp., Parthenolecanium corni  , P. persicae  , P. rufulum  , Physokermes jezoensis  , Rhodococcus perornatus  , R. spiraeae  , R. turanicus  , Sphaerolecanium prunastri  , Stotzia maxima 

Remarks. This is a Holarctic species that was originally recorded from California under the junior synonym M. titiani Girault (1917 a)  .

xanthopsis Compere 1926 b: 41 

Type. USNMAbout USNM

Distribution. N (Alameda, Amador, Calaveras, Contra Costa, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Marin, Napa, Placer, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Solano, Stanislaus, Tulare, Yolo)

Host/habitat. Parthenolecanium corni  , P. persicae 

Remarks. Noyes (2001) mistakenly recorded this species from Japan.

yolandae Compere 1926 b: 39 

Type. USNMAbout USNM

Distribution. C (Alameda, Contra Costa, Riverside, San Benito, Solano, Tulare, Yolo) Host/habitat. Kermes cockerelli 

Remarks. Noyes (2001) mistakenly recorded this species from Japan.

spp.

Remarks. I have seen specimens that appear to represent an additional seven morphospecies present in the state ( EMECAbout EMEC, LACMAbout LACM, RLZC, SBMN, UCFCAbout UCFC, UCRCAbout UCRC). One of these species had previously ( Dreistadt & Hagen, 1994) been reported as a parasitoid of Eriococcus spurius  , and it is not clear if it is a native species or if it had been introduced into the state.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

ZMUM

Zoological Museum, University of Amoy

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

NHRS

Swedish Museum of Natural History, Entomology Collections

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

UCFC

University of Central Florida

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Encyrtidae

Loc

Microterys Thomson 1876

Zuparko, Robert L. 2015

2015
Loc

mazzinini

Girault 1917: 12

Loc

nietneri (

Motschulsky 1859: 170

Loc

physokermis

Compere 1926: 43

Loc

sylvius (

Dalman 1820: 154

Loc

xanthopsis

Compere 1926: 41

Loc

yolandae

Compere 1926: 39