Gyranusoidea Compere 1947,

Zuparko, Robert L., 2015, Annotated Checklist of California Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera), Zootaxa 4017 (1), pp. 1-126: 60-61

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4017.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BBFC3D93-6A7E-4862-84EF-021ADE2F4B3A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CC87E4-FFBF-4367-FF02-C72B898EFDAC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gyranusoidea Compere 1947
status

 

Gyranusoidea Compere 1947 

Hosts. Hemiptera  : Pseudococcidae 

advena Beardsley 1969: 303  [New state record] ( RLZC)

Type. BPBM

Distribution. A (Alameda)

Host/habitat. Pseudococcus antricolens  , P. longispinus  , P. pipturicolus  , P. sp.; in California, it was collected on Syzygium paniculatum  ( Myrtaceae  ).

Remarks. Noyes (1988 b) opined that this species might have been accidentally introduced into New Zealand from Hawaii (whence it had been described), while Beardsley (1969) noted this species did not appear to be closely allied to the Hawaiian anagyrine complex, and suggested that it was adventive there. Noyes (in litt.) notes that this species is also found in southern Africa and the Mediterranean region, suggesting it may be native to one of those areas.

claripennis ( Timberlake 1918: 365)  ( Tanaomastix  ) Type. USNM

Distribution. C (Los Angeles) Host/habitat. Dysmicoccus ryani 

indica Shafee, Alam & Agarwal 1975: 22 

Type. ZDAMU

Distribution. E (Imperial)

Host/habitat. Maconellicoccus hirsutus  , Nipaecoccus viridis  , N. sp.

Remarks. Along with Anagyrus kamali  , this species was imported in a biocontrol program directed against M. hirsutus ( Roltsch et al. 2006)  . Releases of specimens originating from Egypt, Pakistan and Australia began in 1999. Although it has established in California, it appears to be outcompeted by A. kamali  .

spp.

Remarks. In addition to the species listed above, I have seen specimens that appear to represent an additional five morphospecies collected in Alameda, Contra Costa, Imperial, Los Angeles, San Bernardino, San Luis Obispo, Stanislaus, Tulare and Tuolumne counties ( RLZC, UCDC, UCFC, UCRC).

Holcencyrtus Ashmead 1900 

Hosts. Hemiptera  : Pseudococcidae 

myrmicoides ( Compere & Zinna 1955: 98)  ( Acroaspidia  ) Type. BMNH

Distribution. E (San Bernardino)

Host/habitat. Ferrisia virgata  , Formicococcus njalensis  , Phenacoccus madeirensis  , Planococcus citri  , P. calceolariae  , P. longispinus  , P. maritimus 

Remarks. This was one of a series of natural enemies imported into California from 1948 – 56 in biocontrol programs directed against economic mealybugs. This species was imported from Trinidad in 1954 and released in Ventura County the next year ( Clausen 1956 b), but it was considered to have failed to establish ( Bartlett 1978 c). However, it was collected in San Bernardino County in 1995 and 2006 ( UCRC).

spp.

Remarks. At least two additional species are present in the state, one found in Inyo, Lassen, Los Angeles, Marin, Riverside and San Luis Obispo counties ( CSCA, RLZC, UCRC), and the other in Lassen and Los Angeles counties ( RLZC, UCRC).

BPBM

Bishop Museum

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

UCFC

University of Central Florida

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Encyrtidae

Loc

Gyranusoidea Compere 1947

Zuparko, Robert L. 2015
2015
Loc

advena

Beardsley 1969: 303
Loc

claripennis (

Timberlake 1918: 365
Loc

myrmicoides (

Compere 1955: 98