Eugenia tiwakaensis J. W. Dawson & N. Snow

Neil Snow, John W. Dawson, Martin W. Callmander, Kanchi Gandhi & Jérôme Munzinge, 2016, New Species, New Combinations, and Lectotypifications in New Caledonian Eugenia L. (Myrtaceae), Candollea 71 (1), pp. 67-81: 76

publication ID 10.15553/c2016v711a9

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Eugenia tiwakaensis J. W. Dawson & N. Snow

spec. nova

Eugenia tiwakaensis J. W. Dawson & N. Snow  , spec. nova

( Fig. 1View Fig. 1, 6View Fig. 6).

Typus: New CaledoNia. Prov. Nord: Basse Tiwaka,

10 m, 1. I.1979, MacKee 36340 (holo-: P [P 04722500]!).

Distinct among congenerics in New Caledonia by its cordate

to basally rounded, petiolate leaves, secondary veins arising

from ca. 10-20̊ angles, glandular abaxial leaf surfaces, raised

adaxial midrib, and sparsely to moderately densely short-villous

ferrugineous indumentum of the inflorescence axis and flowers.

Shrubs to 2 m. Indumentum (where present) ferrugineous, sparsely to moderately short-villous (“hairy” below). Branchlets rounded to slightly compressed, moderately to densely short-villous (trichomes ferrugineous at base but often clear or whitish apically), the epidermis sometimes slightly furrowed longitudinally and soon becoming flaky. Leaves petiolate, coriaceous, venation brochidodromous, glabrescent, slightly discolorous, surfaces matte or somewhat glossy above, evenly distributed along branchlets. Foliar colleters not seen. Petioles 4-7 mm, sulcate above, eglandular. Leaf blades 10.0-14.6 X 3.5-5.7 cm, narrowly elliptic to narrowly ovate, base rounded or cordate, apex acute, margin flat; adaxial surface glabrescent near base but otherwise glabrous, eglandular, midvein narrowly and slightly projecting proximally but becoming flush distally, secondary and tertiary veins prominent and slightly projecting (dried material); abaxial surface glabrous, oil glands common and distinct; secondary veins prominent, intramarginal vein prominent and 3-6 mm from margin at midpoint of blade (also visible adaxially). Inflorescences terminal, axillary or ramiflorous; flowers solitary, paired, fascicled, or in short brachyblasts. Peduncles 4-12 mm, rigid, more or less ascending, hairy. Bracteoles 2, 1.0- 1.2 mm, triangular, ascending to erect and appressed against hypanthium, glandular above, hairy, soon deciduous. Hypanthium 3-4 mm, obconic, prominently glandular, sparsely to moderately hairy. Calyx lobes 4, 2- 3 mm, broadly rounded, prominently glandular, ciliate and sparsely hairy below. Petals 4, 5- 9 X 3-5 mm, obovate, sparsely short ciliate, glands sparse. Stamens ca. 75-125, multiseriate; filaments 5-8 mm; anthers 1.0- 1.2 mm, globose to subellipsoid, sub-basifixed, eglandular; staminal disc short-villous. Ovary apex (surrounding style) glabrous. Style length not confirmed (but glabrous below). Fruit not seen but said to be reddish.

Distribution and ecology. ‒ Eugenia tiwakaensis  at present is known only from two collections near the northwest coast, growing in a transitional zone between schistes and serpentines or over ultramafics from ca. 10 m to an unspecified “middle altitude” (Vandrot 629) on Tiwaka ( Fig. 2View Fig. 2). Flowering in January, fruiting in September.

Conservation status. ‒ The recent collection (Vandrot 629) indicates the species is a common local shrub in a very small patch of remnant forest of ca. 2,931 ha. on a plateau that was nearly completely burned. The MacKee locality “basse Tiwaka, 10 m ” is vague, but this general area has been burned widely and intentionally during political protests over the past 35 years. With only three recent collections from a single reliable location in a highly threatened forest remnant, E. tiwakaensis  is assigned a preliminary IUCN conservation status of “Critically Endangered” [ CR B 1ab(v)+2ab(v) +2(a) +D].

Notes. ‒ Eugenia tiwakaensis  most closely resembles E. sicifolia  , although the triangular bracteoles and broadly rounded calyx lobes of E. tiwakaensis  differ from the linear and proportionally longer bracteoles and acute calyx lobes of E. sicifolia  . A note on the holotype label indicates the plant was frequented by bees.

Paratypus. ‒ New CaledoNia. Prov. Nord: Tiwaka, Plateau de Kokingone, 29. IX.2012, 165°13’57’’ E 20°51’35’’ S, 365 m, Vandrot 629 ( NOU [ NOU 079951], P [ P 02089724]).


Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh


Museo Nacional de Costa Rica


Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Zentraleinrichtung der Freien Universitaet


Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum


Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History


Institut de Recherche pour le D�veloppement


Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants