Efferia

Aubrey G. Scarbrough & Daniel E. Perez-Gelabert, 2009, Review of the West Indian species of Efferia Coquillett (Diptera: Asilidae) with 13 new species and checklist: Part II. Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and Lesser Antilles including Tobago and Trinid, Zootaxa 1994, pp. 1-66: 6-7

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.1455810

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CD2B50-FFED-6743-0FAC-FD0DFA248B42

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Efferia
status

 

key to the male species of Efferia  from Hispaniola

1 Palpi usually mostly or entirely pale setose with only sparse black setae on apical 1/4–1/2 ( woodleyi  sometimes with abundant black setose on apical 1/2)............................................................................................................................. 2

- Palpi mostly black setose, at least abundant on apical 2/3, usually a few white setae basally..................................... 9

2 Costal cell entirely and cell r1 anteriorly with unusually dense black microtrichia ( Fig. 96 View Figure ); epandrium broad apically, a pair of triangular hooks posteriorly; aedeagal tubes horizontal; apex of gonostylus angular, shaft wide below; gonocoxa wide, deeply notched with anterior and posterior margins unusually narrow ( Figs. 64–69 View Figure ) sinuosa  sp. nov.

- Costal cell entirely and cell r1 anteriorly without dense black microtrichia ( Figs. 89–95 View Figure ); terminalia not as above ... 3

3 Epandrium about twice as long as wide, apex much wider than base, apical margin round with processes scarcely visible in lateral view, pair of median hooked and small dorsoposterior processes present; gonostylus wide, apex truncate; aedeagus with angular tubes, apices abruptly angled dorsally ( Figs. 9–12 View Figure ); small, 10.2–11.9 mm long ........ ............................................................................................................................................................... bullata  sp. nov.

- Epandrium about 2.7–3 times longer than wide, apex not much wider than base, apical margin with easily visible processes in lateral view; gonostylus and aedeagus not as above; larger species> 12 mm long ................................. 4

4 Body reddish, at least femora dorsally; R4 recurrent vein absent; R5 curved forward joining costa at or just above wing apex ( Fig. 93 View Figure ); terminalia as in Figs. 33–36 View Figure ...................................................................... fulvibarbis (Macquart) - Body including femora black; R4 recurrent vein usually present; R5 curved posteriorly joining costa behind apex ( Figs. 89–92, 94–96); terminalia not as above.............................................................................................................. 5 

- Body including femora black; R4 recurrent vein usually present; R5 curved posteriorly joining costa behind apex ( Figs. 89–92, 94–96 View Figure ); terminalia not as above.............................................................................................................. 5

5 Face mostly or entirely with pale vestiture, at most 1–7 black bristles present; palpi white setose, at most sparse black setae apically ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

- Face with numerous black bristles medially; apical 1/3 of palpi or more with several black setae ............................. 8

6 Metathoracic femora usually with 1 black, rarely 3, anteroventral bristles; epandrium with large ear-like dorsoposterior process, as long as wide; aedeagus with tubes curved downward meeting phallic flange, claw-like in lateral view; gonocoxa with abrupt, truncate notch preapically and style-like posterior margin; anterior margin of gonocoxa uniformly contoured, not produced medially ( Figs. 27–30 View Figure ) .................................................................. fortis (Walker) - Metathoracic femora with 4–6 black anteroventral bristles; epandrium with narrow dorsoposterior process, longer than wide; aedeagus with tubes oblique, not curved downward toward phallic flange and claw-like in lateral view; gonocoxa without abrupt, truncate preapical notch, anterior margin produced medially............................................. 7 

- Metathoracic femora with 4–6 black anteroventral bristles; epandrium with narrow dorsoposterior process, longer than wide; aedeagus with tubes oblique, not curved downward toward phallic flange and claw-like in lateral view; gonocoxa without abrupt, truncate preapical notch, anterior margin produced medially............................................. 7

7 Wing with costal margin dilated; epandrium apically narrow with anterior margin sharply angled or curved posteriorly, median dorsal process unusually erect and narrow apically; gonostylus narrow apically; aedeagal flange with minute spine apically; gonocoxal setae long and dense ( Figs. 70–73 View Figure ) ................................................. spinula  sp. nov.

- Wing with costal margin not dilated; epandrium apically wider, anterior margin only slightly curved posteriorly, median dorsal process not unusually erect and narrow apically; gonostylus capitate apically; aedeagal flange without minute spine apically; gonocoxal setae longer basally than posteriorly ( Figs. 15–18 View Figure ) ............................clava sp. nov.

8 Pleura brownish-yellow tomentose, dorsal vestiture mostly black, white ventrally; costal margin dilated, R4 recurrent vein very short or absent; usually abdominal segments 6–7, rarely 5–7, white tomentose; epandrium wide apically with erect ear-like posterior process, posterior margin narrowly membranous; gonocoxa with anterior margin gradually sloped to apex ( Figs. 82–85 View Figure ) ............................................................................................... woodleyi  sp. nov.

- Pleura pale yellowish-gray to gray tomentose, setae mostly pale, sparse black setae on anepisternum anteriorly;

costa margin straight, not dilated anteriorly; R4 recurrent slightly longer than r-m; abdominal segments 6–7 and apical margin of tergite 5 white tomentose; epandrium narrow apically with long, shallow emargination posteriorly; gonocoxa digitate apically, anterior margin abruptly angular ( Figs. 46–49 View Figure ) ....................................... incisura  sp. nov.

9 Tibiae yellow or red, narrow apices blackish; epandrium 3.0–3.5 times as long as wide ......................................... 10

- Tibiae wholly black; epandrium 2.4–2.5 times as long as wide ................................................................................. 14

10 Pleura golden brown tomentose, mostly or entirely black setose; tibiae mostly red; costal margin straight, not dilated .................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

- Pleura mostly paler brownish-yellow or yellowish-gray tomentose, mostly or wholly pale setae, anepisternum, sometimes katepisternum, sparsely black setose; costal margin slightly to moderately dilated ................................ 12

11 Wing brown, calypteral fringe black; apical corners of tergites 2–4 and 6 with white tomentose; sternites 3–5 black setose; epandrium 3.1–3.3 times longer than wide, apically triangular, angled posteriorly ( Figs. 21–26 View Figure ); segment 8 and gonocoxa red; large species 19.0–22.1 long .................................................................................... exacta  sp. nov.

- Wing only slightly brownish, costal cell and cell margins bordering veins darker, calypteral fringe pale; wide lateral margins of tergites 2–5 white tomentose; sternites 3–5 white setose; epandrium wide apically, neither triangular or angled posteriorly ( Figs. 1–4 View Figure ); segment 8 and gonocoxa black; smaller (17.9 mm) species ..................... alia  sp. nov.

12 Metathoracic tibiae apically swollen and slightly angled forward; metathoracic femora with several stout anteroventral bristles basally, each distinctly shorter than greatest diameter of metathoracic femora in anterior view; terminalia normal apically, not unusually narrow; epandrium apically with deep median notch containing narrow, erect, digitate process, larger, broadly rounded process posteriorly ( Figs. 39–42 View Figure ) ............................................. haitensis (Macquart) - Metathoracic tibiae normal apically, neither swollen or slightly angled forward apically; metathoracic femora with 4–5 long ventral bristles ventrobasally, closely spaced, each about equal to the greatest diameter of metathoracic femora in anterior view; terminalia unusually narrow apically, epandrium without deep notch and digitate process medially, posterior process narrower ......................................................................................................................... 13 

- Metathoracic tibiae normal apically, neither swollen or slightly angled forward apically; metathoracic femora with 4–5 long ventral bristles ventrobasally, closely spaced, each about equal to the greatest diameter of metathoracic femora in anterior view; terminalia unusually narrow apically, epandrium without deep notch and digitate process medially, posterior process narrower ......................................................................................................................... 13

13 Coxae with sparse black setae anteriorly or laterally; femora mostly black setose; tergites 4–5 with scattered, stout black and white setae laterally; epandrium with apical process evenly rounded apically ( Figs. 5–8 View Figure ). angusta  sp. nov.

- Coxae with only pale vestiture; tergites 4–5 with only thin setae laterally; femora mostly white setose; epandrium with dorsal surface of apical process somewhat dentate, apex claw-like ( Figs. 58–61 View Figure ) ........................ serrula  sp. nov.

14 Epandrium with large ear-like dorsoposterior process, posterior margin rounded; gonocoxa with rounded apex, setae short, not especially dense ( Figs. 52–55 View Figure ) .................................................................................................. picea  sp. nov.

- Epandrium without large ear-like dorsoposterior process, dorsal process somewhat concave; gonocoxa with pointed apex, setae longer, denser ( Figs. 76–79 View Figure ) ........................................................................................... suspiciosa  sp. nov.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Asilidae