Levidorum scotarium Hartman, 1967

Nygren, Arne, 2004, Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta)., Zootaxa 680, pp. 1-314: 91-92

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.157809

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:471A4E52-4C92-44F8-AB38-CD03071C0067

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CDB626-CC2D-4E7B-FEE8-78578B82830D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Levidorum scotarium Hartman, 1967
status

 

Levidorum scotarium Hartman, 1967  (Fig. 39 A –B)

Levidorum scotarium Hartman, 1967: 84  , pl. 28; Perkins 1987: 163 –166, figs 1 A –D, 2 A –D.

Material examined. USA: holotype USNMAbout USNM 55525, Scotia Sea, 59 ° 50 '– 59 ° 52 'S 32 ° 27 '– 32 ° 23 'W, 650–659 m, station 1058, 4 Apr 1964.

Diagnosis. Large Levidorum  with palps, prostomium divided by a transverse furrow, simple hooked unidentate chaetae.

Description. Holotype incomplete in two fragments, length 12 mm for 38 + 16 chaetigers, width 1.5 mm at chaetiger 10. Preserved material without colour markings. Body stout. Ciliation not observed.

Prostomium divided dorsally by a median furrow (Fig. 39 B), anteroventrally with two small palps (Fig. 39 A). Palps free or basally fused, difficult to assess. Eyes absent (Fig. 39 A, B). Nuchal epaulettes absent. All appendages absent (Fig. 39 A, B).

Parapodial lobes conical (Fig. 39 A), small. Unknown number of aciculae in anterior chaetigers, 3 in median chaetigers. Chaetal fascicle with c. 8 chaetae in anterior fragment, 4–5 in posterior fragment. All chaetae simple unidentate, hook­like, with denticulation at base ( Perkins 1987: fig. 2 E). Bayonet chaetae not found, possibly absent.

Pharynx with 1 sinuation but it seems to be distorted. Trepan in chaetiger 2–3 with 5 long teeth, absence/presence of basal ring and infradental spines not possible to determine. Proventricle lost. Pygidium lost.

Reproduction. Not known.

Habitat. 650 m.

Distribution. North West Atlantic, Gulf of México. Only known from type locality.

Remarks. Levidorum scotarium  is the largest Levidorum  ­species. In contrast with other Levidorum  there are two small cushion­like structures anteroventrally on the prostomium, here interpreted as rudimentary palps; further, the prostomium is dorsally divided by a transverse furrow, absent in other Levidorum  . Finally, the chaetae in L. scotarium  are quite distinct from those found in other Levidorum  ­taxa.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Syllidae

Genus

Levidorum

Loc

Levidorum scotarium Hartman, 1967

Nygren, Arne 2004

2004
Loc

Levidorum scotarium

Perkins 1987: 163Hartman 1967: 84

1987