Neanthes kinmenensis, Hsueh, 2019

Hsueh, Pan-Wen, 2019, Neanthes (Annelida: Nereididae) from Taiwanese waters, with description of seven new species and one new species record, Zootaxa 4554 (1), pp. 173-198 : 183-185

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4554.1.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:682FE7E7-26D7-4A12-8424-942836D0585E

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5924673

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CE8794-FFC5-4541-FF18-F8C1FBC5FD42

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neanthes kinmenensis
status

n. sp.

Neanthes kinmenensis n. sp.

Figs 9A – G View FIGURE 9 , 10A – E View FIGURE 10 , Table 2

Material examined. Holotype ( NMNS 7946-027 View Materials ), Yangshan (24°27.43´N 118°18.12´E), Kinmen County, Fujian, intertidal soft bottom, 21 February 2001 GoogleMaps . Paratype: 1 specimen ( NMNS 7946-028 View Materials ), collection location, habitat and date information same as holotype .

Description. Holotype, incomplete, posterior end missing, remaining body length 58 mm (72.0) with 83 (110) chaetigers, maximum width 3.0 mm at chaetiger 3 (4), excluding parapodia; beige in alcohol ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 ). Prostomium wider than long, one pair antennae arise antero-laterally; palpophores spherical and biarticulate with sub-conical palpostyles, four pairs of tentacular cirri, longest posterior tentacular cirri reaching chaetiger 2 ( Fig. 9B View FIGURE 9 ). Two pairs of black eyes, in trapezoidal arrangement, anterior pair larger than posterior pair. One apodous anterior segment present, about 1.4 times as long as chaetiger 1. Pharynx with dark brown jaws, each with 5–6 lateral teeth; brown to dark conical paragnaths as: I=3 (4), in a triangle (in a diamond-shaped arrangement with 4); II=10 (13) (left), 11 (15) (right), in 2–3 oblique rows; III=28 (31), in 3–4 transverse rows; IV=22 (24) (left), 23 (20) (right), in 3–4 transverse rows; V=3, in a triangle; VI=2 (left), 2 (3) (right), in a transverse row; VII/VIII=46, in 2– 3 rows ( Fig. 9C View FIGURE 9 ).

Notopodial dorsal ligule narrowed triangular with a pointed tip throughout ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 D–G). Dorsal cirri attached basally to dorsal ligule throughout, shorter than dorsal ligules ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 D–G). Notopodial ventral ligule narrowed triangular with a pointed tip on anterior chaetigers, less developed in posterior chaetigers. Neuropodium with prominent inferior and superior lobes, both lobes elongate projecting beyond neuropodial postchaetal lobe on anterior chaetigers, both lobes less developed on posterior chaetigers. Neuropodial postchaetal lobe present, triangular with a blunt tip throughout. Ventral notopodial ligule digitiform throughout; ventral cirri mid-ventrally attached to ventral edge of parapodia, shorter than ventral ligule ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 D–G).

Notochaetae present from chaetiger 3 to posterior chaetigers, homogomph spinigers ( Fig. 10A View FIGURE 10 ). Neurochaetae dorsal fascicle: homogomph spinigers ( Fig. 10B View FIGURE 10 ), and heterogomph falcigers with long, serrated terminal blade ( Fig. 10C View FIGURE 10 ); Neurochaetae ventral fascicle: heterogomph spinigers ( Fig. 10D View FIGURE 10 ), and heterogomph falcigers with long, serrated terminal blade ( Fig. 10E View FIGURE 10 ). Pygidium not observed.

Etymology. The name is derived from the name of the island, Kinmen, where the worm was collected.

Type locality. Yangshan, Kinmen County, Fujian .

Distribution. Only known from the type locality.

Remarks. Neanthes kinmenensis n. sp. is similar to N. donghaiensis from China and N. vitabunda from Philippines, which have 3 conical paragnaths on Area V of the pharynx ( Pflugfelder 1933: 72, fig. 12b; Wu et al. 1981: 132; Table 2). Neanthes kinmenensis n. sp., however, can be distinguished from N. donghaiensis by having greater numbers of conical paragnaths on Areas I, IV & VII/VIII of the pharynx (3–4, 20–28 & 46 versus 1–2, 7–9 & 20–23, respectively) ( Wu et al. 1981: 132; Table 2). Neanthes kinmenensis n. sp. differs from N. vitabunda by having homogomph spinigers, heterogomph spinigers and heterogomph falcigers in neuropodia ( Table 2). The latter species has only homogomph spinigers and heterogomph falcigers in neuropodia ( Pflugfelder 1933: 72, fig. 12d). Of the three species described with 3 conical paragnaths on Area V of the pharynx in the present study, N. kinmenensis n. sp. is somewhat similar to N. babuzai n. sp. in terms of conical paragnath counts on Areas I, II, IV, VI & VII/VIII of the pharynx and the presence of long neuropodial heterogomph falcigers ( Figs 2C, E View FIGURE 2 , 10C, E View FIGURE 10 ; Table 2). However, N. kinmenensis n. sp. has fewer conical paragnaths on Area III of the pharynx than that of N. babuzai n. sp. (28–31 versus 49–63) ( Table 2). Moreover, the longest posterior tentacular cirri of N. kinmenensis n. sp. reach only to chaetiger 2, whereas that of N. babuzai n. sp. reaches to 4–9 chaetigers ( Table 2). Neanthes kinmenensis n. sp. differs from N. jihueiensis n. sp. by having long neuropodial heterogomph falcigers, comparing to medium-length heterogomph falcigers in the latter species ( Fig. 10C, E View FIGURE 10 ; Table 2).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Nereididae

Genus

Neanthes