Picea abchasius, Attems, 1898

Golovatch, Sergei, Evsyukov, Aleksandr & Reip, Hans, 2016, The millipede family Polydesmidae in the Caucasus (Diplopoda: Polydesmida), Zootaxa 4085 (1), pp. 1-51: 3-5

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Picea abchasius


Polydesmus (s. str.) abchasius Attems, 1898 

Figs 1View FIGURE 1, 3B, 3CView FIGURE 3, 4AView FIGURE 4, Map 1

Polydesmus abchasius Attems, 1898: 437  (D).

Polydesmus abchasius— Lignau, 1903: 106, 132 (R); 1915: 372 (R, D); Muralewicz, 1907: 340, 349 (R); 1911: 4, 9 (M); 1913: 220 (R); Issaev, 1911: 297 (R); Lohmander, 1936: 11 (M); Lang, 1959: 1790 (M); Kobakhidze, 1965: 391 (R); Lokšina and Golovatch, 1979: 384 (M); Talikadze, 1984: 143 (R); Chumachenko, 2012: 452 (R).

Polydesmus complanatus— Muralewicz, 1907: 340, 349 (R); 1911: 9 (M).

Polydesmus (Polydesmus) abchasius— Attems, 1940: 21 (D).

NON Polydesmus (Polydesmus) abchasius— Bababekova, 1996: 90 (R).

Material examined. 4 males, 3 females, 2 juv. (ZMUM), RUSSIA, Krasnodar Prov., Goryachiy Klyuch, ca 12 km SW of Fanagoriyskoye, near Cave Fanagoriyskaya, Fagus  , Acer  , Picea  etc. forest, litter and under logs, 19.V.1983, leg. S. Golovatch; 1 female (ZMUM), Krasnodar Prov., Sochi, 5.5 km NE of Krasnaya Polyana, lower course of Achipse River, ca 600 m a.s.l., N43°43’10”, E40°15’25”, 19 – 23.VIII.2014, leg. K. Makarov and A. Matalin; 3 females (AE), Adygea, near Mt Oshten, lake Psenodakh, 10.VII.1997, leg. G. Bakhtadze; 2 males, 1 female (AE), Adygea, Maikop, 14.III.2008, leg. M. Nartbiev; 4 females (AE), Adygea, near Guzeripl, Abies  forest, 19.VI.2011, leg. D. Khisametdinova and E. Bortnikov; 1 male (AE), Adygea, Partizanskaya Polyana, Armyanka River valley, 1.VII.2011, leg. D. Khisametdinova and V. Shmatko; 7 females (AE), same locality, 4.VII.2011, leg. Khisametdinova; 1 male, 1 juv. (AE), Adygea, near Nikel, Belaya River valley, under stones, 23.VI.2007, leg. E. Terskov; 2 males (AE), same locality, on tree trunks, 29.VI.2010, leg. I. Gorbenko; 1 female (ZMUM), Adygea, Caucasian Nature Reserve, Pasture Abago S of Guzeripl, 1350 – 1400 m a.s.l., Abies  and Fagus  forest, litter, under bark and stones, 24 – 26.V.1985, leg. S. Golovatch; 1 female (ZMUM), Karachaevo-Cherkessia, near Arkhyz, 1450 – 1600 m a.s.l., Abies  and Fagus  forest, under stones and bark, litter, 3.VIII.2015, leg. A. Evsyukov; 1 male (AE), Krasnodar Prov., Zazulin, forest, 20.VI.2007; 3 males, 2 females (AE), Krasnodar Prov., Khadyzhensk, forest, 15.VI.2007, 1 juv. (AE), Krasnodar Prov., Arkhipo-Osipovka, mountain slope, forest, under stones and bark, 29.VIII.2008; 2 males, 1 female (AE), same locality, 30.VIII.2008; 1 female, 5 juv. (AE), same locality, 31.VIII.2008, all leg. A. Evsyukov and D. Khisametdinova; 1 female (SMNG 33 576), Adygea, Sakhrai, Kuna Valley, 20.V.2004; 1 female (SMNG 34133), same locality, 20.VIII.2005; 1 male (SMNG 34158), same locality, 30.VIII.2005; 1 male, 3 females (SMNG 33 581/2), Adygea, Polyana Shostakova, 23.V.2004; 1 female, 1 juv. (SMNG 34141), same locality, 24.VIII.2005; 1 female, 2 juv. (SMNG 34 136), Adygea, Koryto, 22.VIII.2005; 1 female (SMNG 34147), Adygea, Muly, Trash, 25.VIII.2005, all leg. K. Voigtländer; 1 male, 1 juv. (HR), Krasnodar Prov., Solokhaul, 2.5 road-km to Dagomys, 260 m a.s.l., N43.7997º, E39.6481º, 11.VIII.2012; 3 males, 1 female (HR), Krasnodar Prov., Lagonaki Plateau, source area of Kurdships River, N44.0792º, E40º, 16.VIII.2012; 1 female (HR), Krasnodar Prov., Yatyrgvarta Ridge, hut N of Gora Armovka, 1830 m a.s.l., N43.8908º, E40.6631º, 19.VIII.2012, all leg. F. Walther.

1 male, 3 females ( ZMUM), ABKHAZIA, Gagra Distr., Arabika Massif, Gelgeluk , under stones, 29.VIII.2014, leg. I. Turbanov  ; 8 females ( SMNG 14View Materials 685), Transcaucasus, Riza-See (= Lake Ritsa ), 20.VI.1984, leg. W. Dunger. 

2 males, 6 females, 1 juv. (ZMUM), GEORGIA, Ajaria, Kintrish Nature Reserve, Zeraboseli, 450 – 600 m a.s.l., deciduous forest, 1 – 3.VI.1981, leg. S. Golovatch and J. Martens; 1 male (ZMN), Ajaria, near Batumi, Koromistavi, Fagus  and Castanea  forest, 1000 – 1200 m a.s.l., X.1987, leg. D. Logunov; 1 female (HR), Ajaria, Khala, Chakvistskhali River valley, 1 road-km upstream, entrance to Mtirala National Park, 90 m a.s.l., N41.6961º, E41.8228º, 28.IX.2011; 1 female (HR), Ajaria, Khorolistavi to Mt Mta Mtirala, 730 m a.s.l., N41.6494º, E41.7731º, 1.X.2012; 1 male (HR), Samegrelo and Zeno Svaneti, Taleri, Tekhuri River valley 6.7 road-km to Lebarde, 380 m a.s.l., N42.5989º, E42.3497º, 10.X.2011; 1 juv. (HR), Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti, Mukhuri, N42.6372º, E42.1778º, 22.VIII.2014; 1 juv. (HR), Guria, Chkhakoura to Bakhmaro, N41.89º, E42.3678º, 21.VIII.2014, all leg. F. Walther; 1 female, 6 juv. (HR), Ambrolauri to Djava, E of Oni, NE of Pipileti, N42.5679, E43.4995, 1.VI.2014; 3 males, 1 female, 2 juv. (HR), Ambrolauri to Djava, Oni E, Pipileti NE, N42.5681, E43.4953, 1.VI.2014; 1 male, 1 female (HR), Ambrolauri to Djava, E of Oni, N of Pipileti, N42.5823, E43.4986, 1.VII.2014; 1 female (HR), Baghdati S to Akhaltsikhe, N of Abastumani, N41.8564, E42.7901, 1.VI.2014, all leg. L. Mumladze; 1 juv. (ZMUM), Tkibuli Distr., between Tkibuli and Nikortsminda, Abies  and Fagus  forest, litter, 22.X.1981; 5 females (ZMUM), Ambrolauri Distr., Cave Nikortsminda near Nikortsminda, 1100 m a.s.l., 40 – 50 m deep, on walls and rotten wood, 22.X.1981, all leg. S. Golovatch; 1 male (ZMUM), Sataplia Nature Reserve, 400 m a.s.l., Fagus  and Buxus  forest, litter, 5.VI.1981, leg. S. Golovatch and J. Martens; 1 male, 1 female, 2 juv. (ZMUM), Racha, Oni Distr., N of Utsera, deciduous forest, near spring, rock, litter, 20.X.1981, leg. S. Golovatch.

Descriptive notes. Adult body with 20 segments (collum plus 17 podous plus one apodous body rings, plus telson). Length ca 13 – 19 mm (male, female), width of midbody metazonae 1.9 – 3.3 (male) or 2.4 – 3.5 mm (female), metazonite to prozonite width ratio> 2.0 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Live coloration usually uniformly intense red to bright pink, in alcohol often brown to faded light yellow-brown; legs light ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1).

Tegument smooth and moderately shining. Antennae long, reaching behind body segment 2 when stretched dorsally, slightly clavate, usually infuscate towards a pallid tip. In width, head <collum <segment 2 <3 <4 <5=15 or 16, thereafter body gradually to rapidly tapering towards telson ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Collum transversely sublanceolate. Paraterga very strongly developed and lying at about upper ¼ of body height, mostly subhorizontal, only in collum and 2 – 3 following segments more (male) or less (female) clearly upturned ( Figs 1AView FIGURE 1, 3BView FIGURE 3). Caudolateral corner of collum almost pointed, but obtuse-angled, of midbody paraterga subrectangular ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1, 3CView FIGURE 3), of following paraterga increasingly acute, but clearly drawn behind rear tergal margin only in segments 17 – 19 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Lateral margins of paraterga straight or nearly so, at most only slightly rounded ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Collum and central parts of following metaterga with three transverse rows of faint, polygonal, flat, nearly obliterate, setigerous bosses ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1, 3CView FIGURE 3). Tergal setae very small, only a little longer in front row on collum and in caudal row on segment 19. Paraterga with three or four faint incisions at lateral margin of poreless and pore-bearing segments, repectively. Stricture between pro- and metazonae wide, shallow and nearly smooth, at most faintly rugulose. Limbus microcrenulatemicrodentate. Pleurosternal carinae wanting. Epiproct short, conical, subtruncate at tip, pre-apical lateral papillae evident ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Hypoproct subtrapeziform, paramedian setiferous papillae evident, well-separated and lying near caudal edge.

Legs densely setose, long, in male crassate and longer ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1), prefemora only faintly bulging laterad; all postfemora, tibiae and tarsi typically with sphaerotrichomes ventrally.

Gonopod ( Fig. 4AView FIGURE 4) exomere (ex) strongly subgeniculate at about distal ¼ and densely spinulate apically, with a strong tooth (d) proximal to geniculation; endomere (en) with a large hairy pulvillus (pu) at base of a slender, simple, apically curved rod (r) which is about half as long as ex.

Remarks. Muralewicz’s (1907, 1927) records of the eastern European P. complanatus (Linnaeus, 1758)  , in Abkhazia, W Caucasus and at Vladikavkaz, N Caucasus, respectively, are clearly erroneous, the former actually being referred to P. abchasius  , the latter probably to P. muralewiczi  or P. lignaui  (cf. Lohmander 1936). Bababekova’s (1996) record of P. abchasius  in the Caucasus Major within Azerbaijan is certainly wrong as well, since this species is confined to the NW and W Caucasus.


Zoological Museum, University of Amoy














Picea abchasius

Golovatch, Sergei, Evsyukov, Aleksandr & Reip, Hans 2016


Attems 1898: 437