Euplocania rafaeli

Vinasco-Mondragón, Andrés Felipe, González-Obando, Ranulfo & García-Aldrete, Alfonso N., 2018, The species group Amabilis of the genus Euplocania Enderlein (Psocodea: Psocomorpha: Ptiloneuridae), Zootaxa 4444 (1), pp. 43-65: 58

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Euplocania rafaeli

n. sp.

Euplocania rafaeli  n. sp. Male

Figs 49–54View FIGURES 49–54

Diagnosis. It is close to E. picta New  , E. pictaoides García Aldrete  , E. caldasi  n. sp., E. vaupesiana  n. sp., E. ecuatoriana  n. sp., and E. lasdelicias  n. sp., differing from them by the posterior processes of the central sclerite of the hypandrium, and by details of the mesal endophallic sclerite and antero-mesal endophallic sclerites.

Color (in 80% ethanol). Head ochraceous, with dark brown pattern as illustrated ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 49–54). Compound eyes black, ocelli hyaline, with ochre centripetal crescents. Legs: hind- and mid- coxae creamy, with proximal dark brown stripes; fore coxa ochraceous with proximal dark brown stripe. Femora, tibia and tarsi pale brown. Forewings veins pale brown, with a dark brown spot at wing margin, surrounded by a clear window; first section of vein Rs, crossvein Rs-M and stem of M dark brown; pterostigma dark brown with a rounded hyaline area at the lower angle ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 49–54). Hindwings hyaline, veins pale brown with a dark spot distally ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 49–54). Central sclerite of hypandrium brown. Epiproct pale brown; paraprocts pale brown, with a dark brown curved band limiting the outer side of the sensory fields.

Morphology. As in diagnosis, plus the following: Head ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 49–54): H/MxW: 1.43, H/d: 2.91, H/D: 2.05; compound eyes large: IO/MxW: 0.45. Vertex concave in the middle. Outer cusp of lacinial tip broad, with six denticles. Forewings ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 49–54). L/W: 2.50, pterostigma elongate and extended towards Rs, lp/wp: 3.61. Areola postica tall, apex rounded. Hindwings ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 49–54): l/w: 2.81. Central sclerite of hypandrium with sides almost parallel, postero-lateral processes broad, with inner border straight, rounded outwards, leaving between them a broad, straight concavity, a field of short spines in each process; side sclerites large, broadly rhomboid ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 49–54). Phallosome anteriorly V-shaped ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 49–54), external parameres slender, curved inwards, with an internal, long and slender sclerotized bar; lateral endophallic sclerites stout, wide anteriorly and narrowing posteriorly. Mesal endophallic sclerite transverse, trapeziform, anteriorly straight, posteriorly sinuous; with a mid posterior projection long, slender, about three times the width of the sclerite. Paraprocts ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 49–54) oval, almost triangular, setose as illustrated, sensory fields with 30 trichobothria on basal rosettes. Epiproct wide, semi-triangular, posteriorly rounded, with two preapical macrosetae and two apical normal length setae. Posterior border with a row of four setae and a transverse field of microsetae as illustrated ( Fig. 52View FIGURES 49–54).

Measurements. FW: 5000, HW: 3375, F: 1225, T: 2125, t1: 860, t2: 100, t3: 140, ctt1: 28, f1: 950, f2:850, IO: 480, D: 520, d: 370, IO/d: 1.30, PO: 0.71.

Specimen studied. Holotype male. BRAZIL. Paraná. São José dos Pinhais. 25°32’05’’S  : 49°12’23’’W. X.1984. J. A. Rafael. Malaise trap. INPA

Etymology. This species is dedicated to Dr. José Albertino Rafael, a researcher at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amâzonia ( INPAAbout INPA), in Manaus, Amazonas Brazil, in recognition to his important studies on the taxonomy of Diptera and Zoraptera, who has done much to promote the study of the insect fauna of the Amazon Basin.


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia