Olonia maura ( Fabricius, 1775 ),

Constant, Jérôme, 2018, Revision of the Eurybrachidae XIV. The Australian genera Olonia Stål, 1862 and Stalobrachys gen. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha), European Journal of Taxonomy 486, pp. 1-97: 44-52

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Olonia maura ( Fabricius, 1775 )


Olonia maura ( Fabricius, 1775) 

Figs 3View Fig. 3, 27–31View Fig. 27View Fig. 28View Fig. 29View Fig. 30View Fig. 31

Cicada maura Fabricius, 1775: 686  (described).

Cicada maura  – Goeze1778: 158 (described, catalogued).— Fabricius 1781: 326 (described, catalogued); 1787: 272 (described); 1794: 40 (described). — Gmelin 1789: 2107 (described, catalogued). — Donovan 1805 (described, illustrated). — Turton 1806: 595 (described).

Flata maura  – Fabricius 1803: 51 (described, catalogued, transferred to Flata  ). — Schaum 1850: 73 (listed).

Cicada matura  [sic] – Donovan 1820: 120 (described).

Cercopis maura  – Donovan 1820: 121 (described, transferred to Cercopis  ).

Lystra maura  – Germar 1830: 55 (described, catalogued, transferred to Lystra  ).

Eurymela maura  – Signoret 1850: 507 (described (based on a misidentified specimen according to Distant 1908: 105), transferred to Eurymela  ). — Walker 1852: 1149 (catalogued). — Kirkaldy 1906: 356 (listed).

Eurybrachys maura  – Signoret 1858: xxxii (transferred to Eurybrachys  ).

Eurymeloides maura  – Distant 1908: 105 (transferred to Eurymeloides  ).

Olonia maura  – Evans 1933: 89 (transferred to Olonia  ). — Metcalf 1956: 64 (catalogued).


Signoret (1850) based the transfer of this species to Eurymela  ( Cicadellidae  ) on a misidentified specimen ( Fig. 26View Fig. 26). This specimen indeed belongs to the tribe Eurymelini, identified as a member of the genus Platyeurymela Evans, 1933  or Pauroeurymela Evans, 1933  by M.J. Fletcher (pers. com., Apr. 2016) based on the examination of photographs of the specimen in NHMW.


The species can be recognized by the following combination of characters:

(1) hind wings without orange marking ( Figs 29EView Fig. 29, 31EView Fig. 31)

(2) pro- and mesofemora and -tibiae largely dark brown ( Figs 29A –DView Fig. 29, 31A –DView Fig. 31)

(3) anal tube of male spatulate, constricted at half length ( Fig. 30BView Fig. 30)

(4) centroventral part of gonostyli with strong elongate process tapering distally and with 4–5 apical teeth ( Fig. 30A, CView Fig. 30)

(5) laterodorsal part of gonostyli with strong furcate process, elongate process strongly curved posterolaterally ( Fig. 30A, C –DView Fig. 30)

(6) rather small size: 7–8 mm

Females of O. maura  are nearly impossible to separate from females of the sympatric O. picea  and should be identified only if collected together with males.


The species epithet maurus (adjective, Latin) means ʻMoorʼ, the inhabitants of North Africa, and by extension, ʻdark skinnedʼ. It refers to the dark colour of the species.

Material examined

Lectotype ( here designated) AUSTRALIA • ♁; “Australia”, “63 47”, “BMNH(E) # 668802 ”; here designated to provide a reference standard for the species; BMNH ( Fig. 27View Fig. 27)  .

Paralectotype AUSTRALIA • ♀; “63 47”, “BMNH(E) # 668803 ”; BMNH ( Fig. 28View Fig. 28). 


The lectotype and paralectotype are placed together in the Banks collection under two labels: “ Cicada maura, Fab. Entom.  p. 686.24”, “ Type ”. The specimens were collected by Joseph Banks and his team at the mouth of the Endeavour River (coordinates: 15°27′32″ S, 145°13′28″ E), when Captain James Cook’s ship Endeavour was beached and repaired, 17 Jun.–4 Aug. 1770 ( Banks 1771).GoogleMaps 

Additional material

AUSTRALIA • ♁, paralectotype of O. picea  ; Cairns; 16°55′19″ S, 145°46′32″ E; Aug. 1904; BPBM • 1 ♁; Cairns; SAM • 1 ♁; Cairns; J.F. Illingworth leg.; on potato; BPBM • 1 ♁; Cairns; J.F. Illingworth leg.; on grass; ASCT • 1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; SAM • 1 ♁; Cairns; J.F. Illingworth leg.; on ti tree; BPBM • 1 ♁; Gordonvale; 17°04′34″ S, 145°47′40″ E; 1 Mar. 1922; E. Jarvis leg.; on Eucalyptus  ; BMNH • 1 ♁; same locality as preceding; 28 Jun. 1923; W.C. Dormer leg.; QM • 1 ♁; Port Douglas; 16°29′01″ S, 145°27′55″ E; 9 Jul. 1971; Z. Liepa leg.; ANIC • 1 ♁; Annan River, 3 km SW of Black Mt; 15°41′ S, 145°12′ E; 27 Sep. 1980; T. Weir leg.; ANIC • 1 ♁; Cooktown; 31 Apr. 1972; RBINS • 1 ♁; Atherton Tablelands; [coordinates of Atherton: 17°15′37″ S, 145°29′23″ E]; J.G. Brooks leg.; AM • 1 ♁; Meringa; 17°04′42″ S, 145°46′30″ E; 27 Dec. 1946; J. Rosser leg.; QM • 1 ♁, 1 ♀; Meringa; Sep. 1919; F. Muir leg.; BPBM.


One male labelled “Sol. Is., Guadalcanar I. [sic], 1-1921, J.A. Kusche coll., Collection of W.M. Giffard” from the BPBM has also been examined. This record from the Solomon Islands, very far off the Australian coast, is regarded as highly doubtful and a probable case of mislabeling.


MEASUREMENTS AND RATIOS. LT: ♁ (n = 3): 7.2 mm (6.9–7.5); BV/LV = 3.6; BF/LF = 1.82; LP+ LM/BT = 0.62; Ltg/BTg = 2.4; LW/BW = 1.97.


HEAD ( Figs 27A –DView Fig. 27, 29A –DView Fig. 29). Vertex slightly concave, with anterior and posterior margins parallel, curved; medium to dark brown with sides slightly darker. Frons uniformly coloured, medium to dark brown. Clypeus elongate, entirely brown. Genae brown to black with yellowish markings along anterior margin. Labium brown to black, reaching metacoxae. Antennae black-brown; scape short, ring-shaped; pedicel subcylindrical, slightly narrowing towards apex.

THORAX ( Figs 27A –DView Fig. 27, 29A –DView Fig. 29). Pronotum uniformly brown, sometimes variegated with yellowish; slightly wrinkled; 2 small impressed points on disc slightly marked; sometimes very obsolete median carina. Lateral fields of prothorax coloured as pronotum. Mesonotum medium to dark brown, somewhat darker than pronotum, sometimes variegated with yellowish; yellowish minute spot at apex of scutellum; median and peridiscal carinae weakly marked; median carina stopping before scutellum; slight impression before scutellum. Red ventrally. Tegulae medium to dark brown.

TEGMINA ( Figs 27A, CView Fig. 27, 29A, CView Fig. 29). Medium to dark brown; often pale yellowish marking on vein A1 at midlength of clavus; marked with dark brown or black along costal margin, more broadly so on posterior half, and along posterior margin. Often darker, median, irregular marking at apical ¾; triangular white marking on costal margin on nodal line, sometimes reduced; sometimes, a number of minute white spots at apicosutural angle. Costal and sutural margins subparallel; costal margin nearly straight; apical margin obliquely rounded.

POSTERIOR WINGS ( Fig. 29EView Fig. 29). Brown, paler on anal area and progressively darker on apical half; small, subtriangular white marking at apicocostal angle, extending on 2–4 cells. Margin of anal area slightly sinuate; sutural margin with 1 slight cleft, cubital one nearly not marked.

LEGS ( Figs 27A –DView Fig. 27, 29A –DView Fig. 29). Pro- and mesocoxae black-brown. Pro- and mesofemora black-brown variegated with brown. Pro- and mesotibiae medium to dark brown, sometimes with 3 paler obsolete rings. Pro- and mesotarsi black-brown with basal half of third tarsomere paler. Metacoxae reddish brown; metafemora reddish with apex brown. Metatibiae brown, with 3 lateral spines paler basally and 9 apical black-brown spines. Metatarsi brown with a ventral row of 6 black spines on first tarsomere.

ABDOMEN. Bright red with genital segments black-brown.

MALE GENITALIA ( Fig. 30View Fig. 30). Posterior margin of pygofer in lateral view sinuate, strongly roundly projecting at dorsal ¼, moderately broad ventrally ( Fig. 30A, CView Fig. 30). Anal tube with lateral margins parallel before epiproct, constricted at level of epiproct, then obovate in apical half, 1.95 times as long as broad, slightly curved ventrally in lateral view; apical margin rounded ( Fig. 30A –BView Fig. 30). Gonostyli fused on basal 2/5 of length of centroventral part and projecting posterodorsally ( Fig. 30A, CView Fig. 30). Centroventral part broad and dorsoventrally flattened on basal 2/5, then with 2 strong divergent processes projecting posterodorsally, with apex curved ventrally and bearing 4–5 strong teeth ( Fig. 30A, CView Fig. 30). Laterodorsal part of gonostyli elongate and directed posterolaterally, dorsoventrally flattened, shorter than centroventral part and strongly bifid, apically with the two processes subparallel; lateral process elongate, projecting anterolaterally and about as long as spoon-shaped process ( Fig. 30A, C –DView Fig. 30). Dorsal portion of phallobase with hooked process on each side, progressively narrowing from base to apex, directed posterocentrally, slightly converging posteriorly, curved in dorsal view and with apex pointing dorsally ( Fig. 30E –FView Fig. 30). Ventral portion of phallobase unilobed in dorsal view, with median lobe surpassing phallus ( Fig. 30E – FView Fig. 30). Phallus dorsoventrally flattened, rather broad, with apical margin deeply emarginate in middle ( Fig. 30E –FView Fig. 30).


Similar to male, but without white spot on costal margin of tegmina at nodal line and with white spot at apicosutural angle of posterior wing strongly reduced, visible as a small, slightly paler marking ( Fig. 31View Fig. 31).

Distribution and biology

This species is currently recorded from an area around Cairns in North Queensland ( Fig. 3View Fig. 3), in the Cape York Peninsula Tropical Savanna and Queensland Tropical Rainforests bioregions. Specimens were collected in March, April, June, July and August. One specimen was collected on Solanum tubiferum  L. ( Solanaceae  ) and one on Eucalyptus  sp.


United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]


Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien


Bishop Museum














Olonia maura ( Fabricius, 1775 )

Constant, Jérôme 2018

Cicada maura

Fabricius, 1775 : 686

Cicada maura

Goeze1778 : 158
Fabricius 1781 : 326
Gmelin 1789 : 2107
Turton 1806 : 595

Flata maura

Fabricius 1803 : 51
Schaum 1850 : 73

Cicada matura

Donovan 1820 : 120

Cercopis maura

Donovan 1820 : 121

Lystra maura

Germar 1830 : 55

Eurymela maura

Signoret 1850 : 507
Distant 1908 : 105
Walker 1852 : 1149
Kirkaldy 1906 : 356

Eurymeloides maura

Distant 1908 : 105

Olonia maura

Evans 1933 : 89
Metcalf 1956 : 64