Taphozous hamiltoni, Thomas, 1920

Bonaccorso, Frank, 2019, Family Emballonuridae (Sheath-tailed Bats), Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Vol. 9, Lyny Edicions, pp. 350-373: 352

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3740269

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3810759

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D587F2-FFCC-4C07-FF44-3A59F319FA37

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Taphozous hamiltoni
status

 

4 View On . Hamilton’s Tomb Bat

Taphozous hamiltoni  

French: Taphien de Hamilton / German: Hamilton-Grabfledermaus / Spanish: Tafozo de Hamilton

Taxonomy. Taphozous hamiltoni Thomas, 1920   , “ Mongalla , Sudan   .”

Taphozous hamiltoni   is in the subgenus Taphozous   . Monotypic.

Distribution. E Africa, few records scattered in Sudan, Somalia (Lower Sheikh), South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania (Shanwa); also isolated records from Chad (Sarh). Its füll distribution is poorly known View Figure .

Descriptive notes. Head—body 80-84 mm, tail 20-35 mm, ear 15-22 mm, hindfoot 15-16 mm, forearm 61-71 mm; weight 19-4-22 g. Hamilton’s Tomb Bat has dark sepiabrown to rusty brown dorsum, with slighdy lighter venter. Fur is unicolored and sleek. Sexes are not dimorphic in color or size. Flight membranes are dark brown. Hindlegs are naked and dark brown. Adult breeding males and females have well-developed gular pouches. Radio-metacarpal sacs are present on wings ofmales and females. Viewed from above, head is flat and subtriangular, with pointed muzzle. Lower lip is prominently grooved. Eyes are large. Ears are subtriangular and pointed backward, with papillae along lower margins. Tragus   is 7 mm long and broad, having axe-head shape and prominent lobule at base of posterior margin. Skull is smoothly convex laterally until reaching weakly concave forehead. Sagittal crest is low, and occipital helmet is weakly developed.

Habitat. Dry and moist savanna woodlands including Acacia   ( Fabaceae   ) and Acacia- Commiphora   ( Burseraceae   ) woodlands, grasslands, and semi-desert shrublands.

Food and Feeding. Hamilton’s Tomb Bats are insectivorous.

Breeding. No information.

Activity patterns. Hamilton’s Tomb Bats roost in rock fissures and caves.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. No information.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Data Deficient on IUCNRed List. Extent of occurrence, status, trends, ecological requirements, and threats of Hamilton’s Tomb Bat are unknown. It could be declining due to habitat loss by spread of agriculture, but it probably occurs in protected areas. Distribution, ecological requirements, and conservation status require additional investigation.

Bibliography. ACR (2006, 2017), Kingdon (1974), Mickleburgh, Hutson & Bergmans (2008 a).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Chiroptera

Family

Emballonuridae

Genus

Taphozous

Loc

Taphozous hamiltoni

Bonaccorso, Frank 2019
2019
Loc

Taphozous hamiltoni

Thomas 1920
1920